Burrer Quarry, Pfaffenhofen: Alaunian, Germany
collected by A. Burrer, G. Mayer, E. Fraas 1902-1914

List of taxa
Where & when
Taphonomy & methods
Metadata & references
Taxonomic list
Gerrothorax pulcherrimus (Fraas 1913)
Sereno and Wild 1992 1 specimen
SMNS 12592
Cyclotosaurus posthumus n. sp. Fraas 1913
Schoch and Werneburg 1999 1 specimen
SMNS 12988, incomplete skull
Teratosaurus minor n. sp. Huene 1908
Yates 2003 1 specimen
recombined as Efraasia minor
SMNH 11838
Efraasia minor (Huene 1908)
Yates 2003 4 specimens
SMNH 12354, 12216, 12668, 14881
Sellosaurus fraasi n. sp. Huene 1908
Huene 1908 5 specimens
synonym of Efraasia minor
SMNH 12038, 12188-12192
Thecodontosaurus diagnosticus n. sp. Fraas 1912
Fraas 1912 2 specimens
synonym of Efraasia minor
SMNS 12667, 12668 (11 measurements)
Reptilia - Plateosauridae
Sellosaurus gracilis Huene 1905
Galton 2001 3 specimens
recombined as Plateosaurus gracilis
SMNS 12217, 12684, 12685
Halticosaurus longotarsus n. sp. Huene 1908
Sereno and Wild 1992 1 specimen
nomen dubium belonging to Theropoda
SMNS 12353
Procompsognathus triassicus n. gen., n. sp. Fraas 1913
Fraas 1913 1 specimen
SMNS 12591; prob. = Hallopus celerrimus (5 measurements)
Aetosaurus crassicauda n. sp. Fraas 1907
1 specimen
synonym of Aetosaurus ferratus
SMNS 11837 (holotype), 12670, isolated dorsal plates, 14882, articulated tail
Saltoposuchus connectens n. gen., n. sp. Huene 1921
Sereno and Wild 1992 3 specimens
SMNH 12352, 12591a, 12597; orig. "Aetosaurus (var minor)"
Saltoposuchus longipes n. sp. Huene 1921
Sereno and Wild 1992 1 specimen
synonym of Saltoposuchus connectens
SMNS 12596; orig. "Aetosaurus (var major)"
Halticosaurus orbitoangulatus n. sp. Huene 1932
Sues and Schoch 2013 1 specimen
recombined as Apatosuchus orbitoangulatus
SMNS 12353b (holotype), partial skull
Reptilia - Parasuchidae
Mystriosuchus sp. Fraas 1896
Sereno and Wild 1992 2 specimens
SMNS 12594, 12595
Mystriosuchus planirostris (Meyer 1863)
Sereno and Wild 1992 2 specimens
SMNS 12593, complete skull, SMNS 12593/2, skull lacking the snout
    = Nicrosaurus meyeri n. sp. Hungerbühler and Hunt 2000
Hungerbühler and Hunt 2000
see common names

Country:Germany State/province:Baden-Württemberg
Coordinates: 49.1° North, 9.0° East (view map)
Paleocoordinates:33.5° North, 10.3° East
Basis of coordinate:based on nearby landmark
Altitude:205 meters
Geographic resolution:outcrop
Period:Triassic Epoch:Late/Upper Triassic
Stage:Norian 10 m.y. bin:Triassic 4
Key time interval:Alaunian
Age range of interval:215.56000 - 212.00000 m.y. ago
Stratigraphic resolution:bed
Stratigraphy comments: from "untere Fäule", originally assigned to lowermost marl band of Middle Stubensandstein. Middle Keuper, Middle Norian; now middle part of Löwenstein Fm.
Lithology and environment
Primary lithology:tabular,white sandstone
Secondary lithology:gray,blue marl
Includes fossils?Y
Lithology description: "three to four meter thick massive, white sandstone unit...[with] overling six meters of grey-violet marls...All of the fossils in this report were derived from marls..." (ref 26360)
Environment:terrestrial indet.
Modes of preservation:body
Degree of concentration:dispersed
Size of fossils:macrofossils
Spatial orientation:life position
Preservation of anatomical detail:excellent
Associated major elements:many
Disassociated major elements:some
Disassociated minor elements:some
Temporal resolution:snapshot
Spatial resolution:parautochthonous
Collection methods and comments
Collection methods:selective quarrying,mechanical,field collection
Reason for describing collection:taxonomic analysis
Museum repositories:SMNS
Collectors:A. Burrer, G. Mayer, E. Fraas Collection dates:1902-1914
Also known as:Burrerschen Quarry, Weisser Steinbruch, Heilbronn
Database number:47800
Authorizer:M. Carrano, R. Butler, A. Dunhill Enterer:M. Carrano, R. Butler, B. Allen
Modifier:M. Carrano Research group:vertebrate
Created:2005-03-02 06:38:23 Last modified:2019-03-14 13:36:04
Access level:the public Released:2005-03-02 06:38:23
Creative Commons license:CC BY
Reference information

Primary reference:

43877. E. Fraas. 1907. Aetosaurus crassicauda n. sp. nebst Beobachtungen über das Becken der Aetosaurier [Aetosaurus crassicauda n. sp. together with observations on the pelvis of aetosaurs]. Mitteilungen aus dem Königlichen Naturalien-Kabinett zu Stuttgart 42:101-109 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano]

Secondary references:

44534 F. Berckhemer. 1938. Wirbeltierfunde aus dem Stubensandstein des Strombergs [Vertebrate remains from the Stubensandstein of Stromberg]. Aus der Heimat 51(7/8):188-198 [R. Butler/R. Butler/M. Carrano]
26358ETE E. Fraas. 1909. Neue schwäbische Saurierfunde [New Swabian reptile finds]. Jahreshefte des Vereins für Vaterländische Naturkunde in Württemberg 65:xxxiii-xxxv [M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
56046 E. Fraas. 1911. Die ostafrikanischen Dinosaurier [The East African dinosaurs]. Verhandlungen der Gesellschaft Deutscher Naturfoscher und Ärzte 83(1):27-41 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
56045 E. Fraas. 1912. Die ostafrikanischen Dinosaurier [The East African dinosaurs]. Sammlung Wissenschaftlicher Vorträge 1:3-21 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
26359ETE E. Fraas. 1912. Die schwäbischen Dinosaurier [The Swabian dinosaurs]. Jahreshefte des Vereins für Vaterländische Naturkunde in Württemberg 68:lxvi-lxvii [M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
26308ETE E. Fraas. 1913. Die neuesten Dinosaurierfunde in der schwäbischen Trias [The newest dinosaur finds in the Swabian Trias]. Naturwissenschaften 1(45):1097-1100 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
56047 E. Fraas. 1914. Die neuesten Dinosaurierfunde in der schwäbischen Trias [The latest dinosaur finds in the Swabian Triassic]. Verhandlungen der Gesellschaft Deutscher Naturfoscher und Ärzte 85:125-132 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
17407ETE P. M. Galton. 1973. On the anatomy and relationships of Efraasia diagnostica (Huene) n.gen., a prosauropod dinosaur (Reptilia: Saurischia) from the Upper Triassic of Germany. Paläontologische Zeitschrift 47(3/4):229-255 [M. Carrano/K. Maguire/J. Alroy]
25716ETE P. M. Galton. 2001. Prosauropod dinosaurs from the Upper Triassic of Germany. Actas de Las I Jornadas Internacionales Sobre Paleontología de Dinosaurios y Su Entorno, Salas de Los Infantes, Burgos, Spain, September 1999. Colectivo Arqueológico-Paleontológico de Salas, C.A.S. 25-92 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
25583ETE P. M. Galton. 2001. Prosauropod dinosaur Sellosaurus gracilis (Upper Triassic, Germany): third sacral vertebra as either a dorsosacral or a caudosacral. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie Monatshefte 2001(11):688-704 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
12797ETE P. M. Galton and R. T. Bakker. 1985. The cranial anatomy of the prosauropod dinosaur "Efraasia diagnostica", a juvenile individual of Sellosaurus gracilis from the Upper Triassic of Nordwürttemberg, West Germany. Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde, Serie B (Geologie und Paläontologie) 117:1-15 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
60342 H. Haubold. 1997. Keuper Formation. In P. J. Currie & K. Padian (ed.), Encyclopedia of Dinosaurs 389-390 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
52139 E. Hennig. 1914. Die deutschen Ausgrabungen von Dinosauriern im letzten Jahrfünft [The German dinosaur excavations in the last five years]. Naturwissenschaftliche Wochenschrift, Neue Folge 13(27):417-421 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
10510 F. v. Huene. 1908. Die Dinosaurier der Europäischen Triasformation mit berücksichtigung der Ausseuropäischen vorkommnisse [The dinosaurs of the European Triassic formations with consideration of occurrences outside Europe]. Geologische und Palaeontologische Abhandlungen Suppl. 1(1):1-419 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
62966 F. v. Huene. 1914. I: Animalia. Pars 4. Saurischia et Ornithischia triadica (“Dinosauria” triadica). 1-20 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
35324 A. Hungerbühler and A. P. Hunt. 2000. Two new phytosaur species (Archosauria, Crurotarsi) from the Upper Triassic of southwest Germany. Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Monatshefte 2000(8):467-484 [R. Butler/R. Butler]
29711ETE F. Knoll. 2008. On the Procompsognathus postcranium (Late Triassic, Germany). Geobios 41:779-786 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
53427 J. H. Ostrom. 1981. Procompsognathus—theropod or thecodont?. Palaeontographica Abteilung A 175(4–6):179-195 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
31001 R. R. Schoch. 2007. Osteology of the small archosaur Aetosaurus from the Upper Triassic of Germany. Neues Jahrbuch für Paläontologie und Geologie, Abhandlungen 246:1-35 [R. Butler/R. Butler]
67041 R. R. Schoch and R. Werneburg. 1999. The Triassic labyrinthodonts from Germany. Zentralblatt für Geologie und Paläontologie Teil I 7-8:629-650 [A. Dunhill/B. Allen]
68165 R. Seemann. 1933. Das Saurischerlager in den Keupermergeln bei Trossingen [The saurischian deposit in the Keupermergel near Trossingen]. Jahreshefte des Vereins für Vaterländische Naturkunde in Württemberg 89:129-161 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
26360ETE P. C. Sereno and R. Wild. 1992. Procompsognathus: theropod, "thecodont" or both?. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 12(4):435-458 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
15490ETE R. Steel. 1970. Part 14. Saurischia. Handbuch der Paläoherpetologie/Encyclopedia of Paleoherpetology. Gustav Fischer Verlag, Stuttgart 1-87 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
49415 H.-D. Sues and R. R. Schoch. 2013. Reassessment of cf. Halticosaurus orbitoangulatus from the Upper Triassic (Norian) of Germany – a pseudosuchian, not a dinosaur. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 168:859-872 [R. Butler/R. Butler]
19481ETE A. M. Yates. 2003. The species taxonomy of the sauropodomorph dinosaurs from the Löwenstein Formation (Norian, Late Triassic) of Germany. Palaeontology 46(2):317-337 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano]