Herefordshire Konservat-Lagerstätte: Wenlock, United Kingdom

List of taxa
Where & when
Geology
Taphonomy & methods
Metadata & references
Taxonomic list
Protozoa
Radiolaria indet. Müller 1858
Protozoa - Entactinaria - Inaniguttidae
Inanihella sp. Nazarov and Ormiston 1984
Siveter et al. 2007
Inanihella sagena n. sp. Siveter et al. 2007
Siveter et al. 2007
Protozoa - Entactinaria - Haplentactiniidae
Haplentactinia armista n. sp. Siveter et al. 2007
Siveter et al. 2007
Protozoa - Archaeospicularia - Secuicollactidae
Secuicollacta hexactinia (Won et al. 2002)
Siveter et al. 2007
unclassified
Acritarcha indet. Evitt 1963
including "mazuelloids"
Porifera indet. Grant 1836
Siveter et al. 2020
"Some 20 other species"
Hexactinellida - Reticulosa
Carduispongia pedicula n. gen., n. sp. Nadhira et al. 2019
Nadhira et al. 2019
unclassified
Cnidaria indet. Hatschek 1888
Siveter et al. 2020
"coral (uninvestigated)"
Hydrozoa - Hydroida
cf. Hydroida indet. Johnston 1836
Siveter et al. 2020
"?hydroid (uninvestigated colonial organism)"
Pterobranchia
Pterobranchia indet. Lankester 1877
Siveter et al. 2020
Graptolithina indet. (Bronn 1849)
Siveter et al. 2020
Pterobranchia - Dendroidea
Dendroidea indet. Nicholson 1872
Siveter et al. 2020
"Dendroids?"
Pterobranchia - Graptoloidea
Monograptina indet. Lapworth 1880
"monograptid graptolites"
Stenuroidea - Bdellacomidae
Bdellacoma sp. (Salter 1857)
Sutton et al. 2005
Ophiocistioidea - Sollasinidae
Sollasina cthulhu n. sp. Rahman et al. 2019
Rahman et al. 2019
Crinoidea
Crinoidea indet. Miller 1821
Siveter et al. 2020
"uninvestigated"
Edrioasteroidea - Edrioasterida - Rhenopyrgidae
Heropyrgus disterminus Briggs et al. 2017
Briggs et al. 2017
Polychaeta
Polychaeta indet. Grube 1850
"at least three new polychaetes"
    = Kenostrychus clementsi n. gen., n. sp. Sutton et al. 2001
Sutton et al. 2001
common form; other two are Acaenoplax and a sponge
unclassified
Brachiopoda indet. Cuvier 1805
Siveter et al. 2020
"uninvestigated"
Lingulata - Lingulida
Lingulida indet. Waagen 1885
Siveter et al. 2020
"uninvestigated"
Rhynchonellata - Atrypida - Atrypidae
Atrypidae indet. Gill 1871
Sutton et al. 2005
"probable," attached to Bethia serraticulma
Rhynchonellata - Orthida
Bethia serraticulma n. gen., n. sp. Sutton et al. 2005
Sutton et al. 2005
unclassified
Drakozoon kalumon n. gen., n. sp. Sutton et al. 2010
Sutton et al. 2010
attached to Bethia serraticulma
Aplacophora
Kulindroplax perissokomos n. gen., n. sp. Sutton et al. 2012
Sutton et al. 2012
Acaenoplax hayae n. gen., n. sp. Sutton et al. 2001
Sutton et al. 2001
Bivalvia - Solemyida - Ctenodontidae
Praectenodonta ludensis Reed 1931
Fu 2016 1 specimen
Gastropoda
Gastropoda indet. Cuvier 1795
"high-spired" and "small"
Gastropoda - Euomphalina - Platyceratidae
Platyceras sp. Conrad 1840
Sutton et al. 2006
"Platyceras?"
Cephalopoda
Nautiloidea indet. Agassiz 1847
Siveter et al. 2020
"uninvestigated"
Hallucigeniidae
Thanahita distos n. gen., n. sp. Siveter et al. 2018
Siveter et al. 2018
Pycnogonida
Haliestes dasos Siveter et al. 2004
Sutton et al. 2005
Remipedia
Tanazios dokeron n. gen., n. sp. Siveter et al. 2007
Siveter et al. 2007
Thecostraca
Rhamphoverritor reduncus n. gen., n. sp. Briggs et al. 2005
Briggs et al. 2005
Malacostraca - Leptostraca
Cascolus ravitis n. gen., n. sp. Siveter et al. 2017
Siveter et al. 2017
Malacostraca - Archaeostraca
Cinerocaris magnifica n. gen., n. sp. Briggs et al. 2004
Briggs et al. 2004
Ichthyostraca - Cephalobaenida
Invavita piratica n. gen., n. sp. Siveter et al. 2015
Siveter et al. 2015
Ostracoda
Podocopa indet. Sars 1865
Siveter et al. 2020
"Fragments of unidentified species ... recovered from acid residues"
Ostracoda - Palaeocopida
Palaeocopida indet. Henningsmoen 1953
Siveter et al. 2020
"Fragments of unidentified species ... recovered from acid residues"
Ostracoda - Palaeocopida - Bolliidae
Derima paparme n. gen., n. sp. Siveter et al. 2024
Siveter et al. 2024
Ostracoda - Myodocopida - Cylindroleberididae
Spiricopia aurita n. gen., n. sp. Siveter et al. 2018
Siveter et al. 2018
Pauline avibella n. gen., n. sp. Siveter et al. 2013
Siveter et al. 2013
Nasunaris flata n. gen., n. sp. Siveter et al. 2010
Siveter et al. 2010
Colymbosathon ecplecticos n. gen., n. sp. Siveter et al. 2003
Siveter et al. 2003
Ostracoda - Myodocopida - Nymphatelinidae
Nymphatelina gravida n. gen., n. sp. Siveter et al. 2007
Siveter et al. 2007
unclassified
Aquilonifer spinosus n. gen., n. sp. Briggs et al. 2016
Briggs et al. 2016
Offacolidae
Arthropoda indet. Latreille 1829
new "unnamed arthropod"
    = Offacolus kingi n. gen., n. sp. Orr et al. 2000
Orr et al. 2000
unclassified
Dibasterium durgae n. gen., n. sp. Briggs et al. 2012
Briggs et al. 2012
Megacheira - Leanchoiliida - Enaliktidae
Enalikter aphson n. gen., n. sp. Siveter et al. 2014
Siveter et al. 2014
Trilobita - Phacopida - Calymenidae
Tapinocalymene sp. Siveter 1980
Trilobita - Phacopida - Dalmanitidae
Dalmanites sp. Barrande 1852
Siveter et al. 2020
"uninvestigated"
Marrellomorpha
Xylokorys chledophilia n. gen., n. sp. Siveter et al. 2007
Siveter et al. 2007
see common names

Geography
Country:United Kingdom County:Herefordshire
Coordinates: 52.1° North, 2.8° West (view map)
Paleocoordinates:29.4° South, 13.5° West
Basis of coordinate:based on political unit
Time
Period:Silurian Epoch:Wenlock
10 m.y. bin:Silurian 2
Key time interval:Wenlock
Age range of interval:433.40000 - 427.40000 m.y. ago
Stratigraphy
Stratigraphic resolution:bed
Stratigraphy comments: "2-20 cm concretions (n = 378) that occur in a roughly 1-m-thick volcanic ash-rich deposit"
Lithology and environment
Primary lithology:concretionary,ferruginous argillaceous,calcareous "carbonate"
Secondary lithology: "volcaniclastic"
Includes fossils?Y
Lithology description: "concretions are dominantly calcitic with some quartz and clay minerals, and accessory iron oxide."
Environment:basinal (carbonate)
Geology comments: "relatively deep water west of a shelf area (the Midland Platform)"
Taphonomy
Modes of preservation:body,concretion,soft parts,replaced with calcite,replaced with pyrite,replaced with hematite
Lagerst�tten type:conservation
Size of fossils:macrofossils
Articulated whole bodies:many
Collection methods and comments
Collection methods:field collection
Collection size:378 specimens
Reason for describing collection:general faunal/floral analysis
Collection method comments: specimens are in the Oxford University Museum
Metadata
Database number:68060
Authorizer:J. Alroy, P. Novack-Gottshall, S. Cole, P. Wagner, L. Villier Enterer:J. Alroy, P. Wagner, L. Villier, P. Novack-Gottshall, S. Cole
Modifier:J. Alroy Research group:marine invertebrate
Created:2006-12-30 22:23:19 Last modified:2006-12-31 14:12:47
Access level:the public Released:2006-12-30 22:23:19
Creative Commons license:CC BY
Reference information

Primary reference:

19517. D. E. G. Briggs. 1996. Soft-bodied fossils from a Silurian volcaniclastic deposit. Nature 382:248-250 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy]

Secondary references:

64518 D. E. Briggs, D. J. Siveter, D. J. Siveter, M. D. Sutton, and I. A. Rahman. 2017. An edrioasteroid from the Silurian Herefordshire Lagerstätte of England reveals the nature of the water vascular system in an extinct echinoderm. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 284(1862):20171189 [S. Cole/S. Cole/P. Novack-Gottshall]
19525 D. E. G. Briggs, M. D. Sutton, D. J. Siveter and D. J. Siveter. 2004. A new phyllocarid (Crustacea: Malacostraca) from the Silurian Fossil-Lagerstätte of Herefordshire, UK. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 271:131-138 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/J. Alroy]
85223 D.E.G. Briggs, D. J. Siveter, D.J. Siveter, M.D. Sutton, R.J. Garwood and D. Legg. 2012. Silurian horseshoe crab illuminates the evolution of arthropod limb. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 109(39):15702-15705 [P. Novack-Gottshall/P. Novack-Gottshall]
85225 D.E.G. Briggs, D.J. Siveter, D.J. Siveter, M.D. Sutton, and D. Legg. 2016. Tiny individuals attached to a new Silurian arthropod suggest a unique mode of brood care. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 113(16):4410-4415 [P. Novack-Gottshall/P. Novack-Gottshall]
84988 D.E.G. Briggs, M.D. Sutton, D.J. Siveter and D.J. Siveter. 2005. Metamorphosis in a Silurian barnacle. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 272:2365-2369 [P. Novack-Gottshall/P. Novack-Gottshall]
85219 H.L.K. Fu. 2016. A Silurian bivalve with soft tissues. Newsletter of the Palaeontological Association 94:88-89 [P. Novack-Gottshall/P. Novack-Gottshall]
85215 A. Nadhira, M.D. Sutton, J.P. Botting, L.A. Muir, P. Gueriae, A. King, D.E.G. Briggs, D.J. Siveter, and D.J. Siveter. 2019. Three-dimensionally preserved soft-tissues and calcareous hexactins in a Silurian sponge: implications for early sponge evolution. Royal Society Open Science 6 [P. Novack-Gottshall/P. Novack-Gottshall/P. Novack-Gottshall]
19522 P. J. Orr, D. J. Siveter, D. E. G. Briggs, D. J. Siveter, and M. D. Sutton. 2000. A new arthropod from the Silurian Konservat-Lagerstätte of Herefordshire, UK. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 267:1497-1504 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/P. Novack-Gottshall]
68326 I. A. Rahman, J. R. Thompson, D. E. Briggs, D. J. Siveter, D. J. Siveter and M. D. Sutton. 2019. A new ophiocistioid with soft-tissue preservation from the Silurian Herefordshire Lagerstätte, and the evolution of the holothurian body plan. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 286(1900):1-7 [S. Cole/S. Cole/S. Cole]
67191 D. J. Siveter, D. E. G. Briggs, M. D. Sutton and S. C. Joomun. 2013. A Silurian myodocope with preserved soft-parts: cautioning the interpretation of the shell-based ostracod record. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B: Biological Sciences 280(1752):20122664 [P. Wagner/P. Wagner]
19524 D. J. Siveter, M. D. Sutton, D. E. G. Briggs and D. J. Siveter. 2003. An ostracode crustacean with soft parts from the Lower Silurian. Science 302:1749-1751 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy]
85233 D.J. Siveter, J.C. Aitchison, D.J. Siveter and M.D. Sutton. 2007. The Radiolaria of the Herefordshire Konservat-Lagerstätte (Silurian), England. Journal of Micropalaeontology 26:87-95 [P. Novack-Gottshall/P. Novack-Gottshall]
85232 D.J. Siveter, D.E.G. Briggs, D.J. Siveter and M.D. Sutton. 2010. An exceptionally preserved myodocopid ostracod from the Silurian of Herefordshire, UK. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 277:1539-1544 [P. Novack-Gottshall/P. Novack-Gottshall]
85222 D.J. Siveter, D.E.G. Briggs, D.J. Siveter, M.D. Sutton, D. Legg and S. Joomun. 2014. A Silurian short-great-appendage arthropod. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 281(1778):20132986 [P. Novack-Gottshall/P. Novack-Gottshall]
84985 D.J. Siveter, D.E.G. Briggs, D.J. Siveter and M.D. Sutton. 2015. A 425-million-year-old Silurian pentastomid parasitic on ostracods. Current Biology 25:1-6 [P. Novack-Gottshall/P. Novack-Gottshall]
84983 D.J. Siveter, D.E.G. Briggs, D.J. Siveter, M.D. Sutton, and D. Legg. 2017. A new crustacean from the Herefordshire (Silurian) Lagerstatte, UK, and its significance in malacostracan evolution. Proceeding of the Royal Society B 284:20170279 [P. Novack-Gottshall/P. Novack-Gottshall/P. Novack-Gottshall]
85221 D.J. Siveter, D.E.G. Briggs, D.J. Siveter, M.D. Sutton, and D. Legg. 2018. A three-dimensionally preserved lobopodian from the Herefordshire (Silurian) Lagerstätte, UK. Royal Society Open Science 5(8):172101 [P. Novack-Gottshall/P. Novack-Gottshall/P. Novack-Gottshall]
85216 D.J. Siveter, D.E.G. Briggs, D.J. Siveter and M.D. Sutton. 2020. The Herefordshire Lagerstätte: fleshing out Silurian marine life. Journal of the Geological Society 177:1-13 [P. Novack-Gottshall/P. Novack-Gottshall]
88550 D.J. Siveter, D.E.G. Briggs, D.J. Siveter and M.D. Sutton. 2024. Preserved appendages in a Silurian binodicope: implications for the evolutionary history of ostracod crustaceans. Biology Letters [P. Novack-Gottshall/P. Novack-Gottshall]
85224 D.J. Siveter, R.A. Fortey, M.D. Sutton, D.E.G. Briggs, and D.J. Siveter. 2007. A Silurian ‘marrellomorph’ arthropod. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 274:2223-2229 [P. Novack-Gottshall/P. Novack-Gottshall]
84984 D.J. Siveter, D.J. Siveter, M. Sutton and D.E.G. Briggs. 2007. Brood care in a Silurian ostracod. Proceeding of the Royal Society B 274:465-469 [P. Novack-Gottshall/P. Novack-Gottshall]
84982 D.J. Siveter, M.D. Sutton, D.E.G. Briggs and D.J. Siveter. 2007. A new probable stem lineage crustacean with three-dimensionally preserved soft parts from the Herefordshire (Silurian) Lagerstatte, UK. Proceedings of the Royal Society B 274:2099-2107 [P. Novack-Gottshall/P. Novack-Gottshall]
85231 D.S. Siveter, D.E.G. Briggs, D.S. Siveter and M.D. Sutton. 2018. A well-preserved respiratory system in a Silurian ostracod. Biology Letters 14(11):20180464 [P. Novack-Gottshall/P. Novack-Gottshall/P. Novack-Gottshall]
19518 M. D. Sutton, D. E. G. Briggs, D. J. Siveter and D. J. Siveter. 2001. An exceptionally preserved vermiform mollusc from the Silurian of England. Nature 410:461 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy]
19519 M. D. Sutton, D. E. G. Briggs, D. J. Siveter and D. J. Siveter. 2001. A three-dimensionally preserved fossil polychaete worm from the Silurian of Herefordshire, England. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 268:2355-2363 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy]
19523 M. D. Sutton, D. E. G. Briggs, D. J. Siveter, D. J. Siveter, and P. J. Orr. 2002. The arthropod Offacolus kingi (Chelicerata) from the Silurian of Herefordshire, England: computer based morphological reconstructions and phylogenetic af. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B 269:1195-1203 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy]
26651 M. D. Sutton, D.E.G. Briggs, D.J. Siveter and D.J. Gladwell. 2005. A starfish with three-dimensionally preserved soft parts from the Silurian of England. Proceedings of the Royal Society, B 272:1001-1006 [L. Villier/L. Villier]
83387 M. D. Sutton, D. E. G. Briggs, D. J. Siveter, D. J. Siveter, and J. D. Sigwart. 2012. A Silurian armoured aplacophoran and implications for molluscan phylogeny. Nature 490(7418):94-97 [P. Wagner/P. Wagner]
85217 M.D. Sutton, D.E.G. Briggs, D.J. Siveter and D.J. Siveter. 2005. Silurian brachiopods with soft-tissue preservation. Nature 436:1013-1015 [P. Novack-Gottshall/P. Novack-Gottshall/P. Novack-Gottshall]
85220 M.D. Sutton, D.E.G. Briggs, D.J. Siveter and D.J. Siveter. 2006. Fossilized soft tissues in a Silurian platyceratid gastropod. Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 273:1039-1044 [P. Novack-Gottshall/P. Novack-Gottshall]
85218 M.D. Sutton, D.E.G. Briggs, D.J. Siveter and D.J. Siveter. 2010. A soft-bodied lophophorate from the Silurian of England. Biology Letters 7:146-149 [P. Novack-Gottshall/P. Novack-Gottshall]