Monte Bolca (Pesciara): Lutetian, Italy

List of taxa
Where & when
Geology
Taphonomy & methods
Metadata & references
Taxonomic list
unclassified
Mesileia emiliae
Jaekel 1894
Chondrichthyes - Galeidae
Pseudogaleus voltai n. gen., n. sp. Jaekel 1894
Jaekel 1894
Chondrichthyes - Myliobatiformes - Dasyatidae
Trygon dezignii
Jaekel 1894
synonym of Dasyatis
Trygon muricata (Volta 1796)
Jaekel 1894
recombined as Trygon muricatus
Chondrichthyes - Myliobatiformes - Platyrhinidae
Platyrhina gigantea (de Blainville 1818)
Jaekel 1894
Platyrhina egertoni (de Zigno 1878)
Jaekel 1894
Platyrhina bolcensis Heckel 1851
Jaekel 1894
Chondrichthyes - Myliobatiformes - Myliobatidae
Promyliobatis gazolae n. gen., n. sp. (de Zigno 1885)
Jaekel 1894
Chondrichthyes - Rajiformes
Urolophus crassicaudula
Jaekel 1894
Chondrichthyes - Rajiformes - Rhinobatidae
Rhinobatus primaerus
Jaekel 1894
Rhinobatus dezignii (Heckel 1853)
Jaekel 1894
recombined as Rhinobatus dezignoi
Chondrichthyes - Torpediniformes - Narcinidae
Narcine molini n. sp. Jaekel 1894
Jaekel 1894
Chondrichthyes - Carchariniformes - Carcharhinidae
Alopiopsis plejodon Lioy 1865
Jaekel 1894
Chondrichthyes - Carchariniformes - Scyliorhinidae
Galeus cuvieri n. sp. Agassiz 1835
Jaekel 1894
Actinopteri - Lampridiformes - Bajaichthyidae
Bajaichthys elegans Sorbini 1983
Sorbini and Bottura 1988
Actinopteri - Scombriformes - Scombridae
Thynnus bolcensis Agassiz 1835
Woodward 1901
Orcynus latior n. sp. Agassiz 1843
Agassiz 1843
recombined as Thunnus latior
Orcynus lanceolatus n. gen., n. sp. Agassiz 1843
Agassiz 1843
recombined as Thunnus lanceolatus
Actinopteri - Acanthuriformes - Acanthuridae
Tauichthys padremenini n. gen., n. sp. Tyler 1999
Tyler 1999
Pesciarichthys punctatus n. gen., n. sp. Blot and Tyler 1990
Blot and Tyler 1990
Eorandallius elegans n. sp. Blot and Tyler 1990
Blot and Tyler 1990
Eorandallius n. gen. rectifrons (Agassiz 1842)
Blot and Tyler 1990
original and current combination Naseus rectifrons
Gazolaichthys vestenanovae n. gen., n. sp. Blot and Tyler 1990
Blot and Tyler 1990
Acanthurus gazolai
Blot and Tyler 1990
Acanthurus gaudryi de Zigno 1887
Blot and Tyler 1990
Proacanthurus n. gen. tenuis (Agassiz 1842)
Blot and Tyler 1990
original and current combination Acanthurus tenuis
Proacanthurus bonatoi n. sp. Blot and Tyler 1990
Blot and Tyler 1990
Proacanthurus ovalis (Agassiz 1842)
Blot and Tyler 1990
original and current combination Acanthurus ovalis
Proacanthurus elongatus n. sp. Blot and Tyler 1990
Blot and Tyler 1990
Sorbinithurus sorbinii n. gen., n. sp. Tyler 1999
Tyler 1999
Metaspisurus emmanueli n. gen., n. sp. Blot and Tyler 1990
Blot and Tyler 1990
Tylerichthys nuchalis (Agassiz 1842)
Blot and Tyler 1990
original and current combination Naseus nuchalis
Tylerichthys milani n. sp. Blot and Tyler 1990
Blot and Tyler 1990
Metacanthurus veronensis n. gen., n. sp. Blot and Tyler 1990
Blot and Tyler 1990
Protozebrasoma bloti n. gen., n. sp. Sorbini and Tyler 1998
Sorbini and Tyler 1998
Acanthuroides massalongoi n. gen., n. sp. Blot and Tyler 1990
Blot and Tyler 1990
Lehmanichthys lessiniensis n. gen., n. sp. Blot and Tyler 1990
Blot and Tyler 1990
Actinopteri - Caproidae
Antigonia veronensis Sorbini 1983
Sorbini and Bottura 1988
Actinopteri - Clupeiformes - Clupeoidei
Eoalosa janvieri n. gen., n. sp. Marrama` and Carnevale 2018
Marrama` and Carnevale 2018
Reptilia - Squamata - Palaeophiidae
Archaeophis proavus n. gen., n. sp. Massalongo 1859
Massalongo 1859 1 specimen
Reptilia - Squamata - Anomalophidae
Archaeophis bolcensis n. gen., n. sp. Massalongo 1859
Massalongo 1859 1 specimen
replaced by Anomalophis bolcensis
Posidoniaceae
Posidocea frickingeri n. gen., n. sp.
Gregor 1991
see common names

Geography
Country:Italy
Coordinates: 45.6° North, 11.2° East (view map)
Paleocoordinates:39.3° North, 9.6° East
Basis of coordinate:based on nearby landmark
Time
Period:Paleogene Epoch:Eocene
Stage:Lutetian 10 m.y. bin:Cenozoic 2
Key time interval:Lutetian
Age range of interval:47.80000 - 41.30000 m.y. ago
Stratigraphy
Stratigraphic resolution:group of beds
Lithology and environment
Primary lithology:planar lamination,shelly/skeletal "limestone"
Includes fossils?Y
Lithology description: "The fossil-bearing section consits of several calcareous units (Figure 20.2). Exceptionally well preserved fossils are derived from units of laminated sheet limestones unlain by reefal limestones. Fish and plant fossils can be found at five levels. The beds containing fish and plant fossils show a varved structure in which relatively thick biomicritic laminae alternate in a regular pattern with very thin micritic laminae, which are homogenous and slightly clayey. The thicker biomicritic laminae contain silt-sized particles and foraminifera, ostracods, molluscs, and small thin-shelled gastropods. These biomicritic laminae are gradational with the micritic laminae, producing a graded bedding texture for each pair of laminae. Finely disseminated pyrite and bitumen can be found in these laminated beds. (pg. 369)"
Environment:lagoonal/restricted shallow subtidal
Taphonomy
Modes of preservation:body,mold/impression,soft parts
Size of fossils:macrofossils
Preservation of anatomical detail:excellent
Abundance in sediment:abundant
Articulated whole bodies:many
Associated major elements:many
Temporal resolution:snapshot
Spatial resolution:autochthonous
Collection methods and comments
Collection excludes:all macrofossils
Collection methods:selective quarrying,mechanical,survey of museum collection,observed (not collected)
Reason for describing collection:taxonomic analysis
Taxonomic list comments:250+ species of marine fish not listed in article
Metadata
Database number:55239
Authorizer:J. Head, P. Holroyd, M. Uhen Enterer:J. Head, P. Holroyd, M. Uhen
Modifier:M. Uhen Research group:vertebrate
Created:2005-09-30 14:06:02 Last modified:2017-05-09 16:01:44
Access level:the public Released:2005-09-30 14:06:02
Creative Commons license:CC BY
Reference information

Primary reference:

14688. C. M. Tang. 2002. Monte Bolca: An Eocene fishbowl. Exceptional fossil preservation, a unqiue view on the evolution of marine life 365-377 [J. Head/J. Head]

Secondary references:

38894 L. Agassiz. 1843. Recherches Sur Les Poissons Fossiles. Tome I (livr. 18). Imprimerie de Petitpierre, Neuchatel xxxii-188 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano/M. Uhen]
62349 J. Blot and J. C. Tyler. 1990. New genera and species of fossil surgeon fishes and their relatives (Acanturoidei, Teleostei) from the Eocene of Monte Bolca, Italy, with application of the Blot formula to both fossil and recent forms. Studi e ricerche sui giacimenti terziari di Bolca 6:13-92 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]
40170 H. -J. Gregor. 1991. Ein neues fossiles Seegras - Posidocea frickingeri nov. gen. et spe. im Palaogen Oberitaliens (Verona). Documenta Naturae 65:1-11 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]
30721 O. Jaekel. 1894. Die eocanen Selachier vom Monte Bolca 1-176 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]
67560 G. Marrama` and G. Carnevale. 2018. Eoalosa janvieri gen. et sp. nov., a new clupeid fish (Teleostei, Clupeiformes) from the Eocene of Monte Bolca, Italy. PalZ 92:107-120 [P. Holroyd/P. Holroyd]
14695 A. Massalongo. 1859. Specimen photographicum animalium quorundam plantaumque fossilium agri veronensis. [J. Head/J. Head]
47118 L. Sorbini and C. Bottura. 1988. Bajaichthys elegans, and Eocene lampridiform from Bolca, Italy. Bollettino del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale de Verona 14:369-380 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]
47117 L. Sorbini and C. Bottura. 1988. Antigonia veronensis, an Eocene caproid form Bolca, Italy. Bollettino del Museo Civico di Storia Naturale de Verona 14:255-269 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]
62352 L. Sorbini and J. C. Tyler. 1998. A new genus and species of Eocene surgeon fish (Acanthuridae) from Monte Bolca, Italy, with similarities to the Recent Zebrasoma. Studi e ricerche sui giacimenti terziari di Bolca 7:7-19 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]
62348 J. C. Tyler. 1999. A new genus and species of surgeon fish (Acanthuridae) with four dorsal-fin spines from the Eocene of Monte Bolca, Italy. Studi e ricerche sui giacimenti terziari de Bolca 257-268 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]
45833 A. S. Woodward. 1901. Catalogue of Fossil Fishes in the British Museum (Natural History), Part IV 1-636 [M. Clapham/P. Vazquez/M. Clapham]