Berends: Irvingtonian, Oklahoma

List of taxa
Where & when
Taphonomy & methods
Metadata & references
Taxonomic list
Reptilia - Squamata - Colubridae
Colubrinae indet. Oppel 1811
Holman 1986 2 specimens
"Coluber or Masticophis"
Elaphe vulpina (Baird and Girard 1853)
Holman 1986 2 specimens
Lampropeltis getulus (Linnaeus 1766)
Holman 1986 3 specimens
Lampropeltis triangulum Lacépède 1788
Holman 1986 2 specimens
Pituophis melanoleucus (Daudin 1803)
Holman 1986 2 specimens
Heterodon nasicus Baird and Girard 1852
Brattstrom 1967
Heterodon platyrhinos (Latreille 1801)
Holman 1986 1 specimen
Thamnophis sp. Fitzinger 1843
Brattstrom 1967
Thamnophis (cf. Thamnophis) radix
Holman 1986 3 specimens
Nerodia sp. Baird and Girard 1853
Holman 1986 8 specimens
Mammalia - Rodentia - Cricetidae
Ondatra triradicatus n. sp. Starrett 1956
    = Ondatra zibethicus Linnaeus 1766
Alroy 2002
Microtus pennsylvanicus (Ord 1815)
Pedomys cf. ochrogaster (Wagner 1842)
recombined as Microtus ochrogaster
Peromyscus berendsensis n. sp. Starrett 1956
(1 measurement)
Mammalia - Rodentia - Geomyidae
Geomys sp. Rafinesque 1817
Mammalia - Rodentia - Heteromyidae
Perognathus hispidus Baird 1858
    = Chaetodipus cf. hispidus Baird 1858
Alroy 2002
Mammalia - Rodentia - Castoridae
Castoroides sp. Foster 1838
Paradipoides stovalli n. sp. Rinker and Hibbard 1952
see Rinker and Hibbard 1952
    = Dipoides stovalli Rinker and Hibbard 1952
Korth 2002
Mammalia - Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Leporidae indet. Fischer de Waldheim 1817
Mammalia - Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus sp. Linnaeus 1758
Mammalia - Soricidae
Sorex cf. cinereus Kerr 1792
Blarina cf. brevicauda (Say 1823)
confirmed by Jones et al. 1984
Mammalia - Carnivora - Canidae
Vulpes velox (Say 1823)
Anderson 1984
Canis latrans Say 1823
confirmed by Nowak 1979
Mammalia - Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Mammuthus cf. columbi (Falconer 1857)
see common names

Country:United States State/province:Oklahoma County:Beaver
Coordinates: 36.8° North, 100.5° West (view map)
Paleocoordinates:36.8° North, 100.3° West
Basis of coordinate:based on political unit
Period:Quaternary Epoch:Pleistocene
10 m.y. bin:Cenozoic 6
*Local age/stage:Early/Lower Illinoian
Key time interval:Irvingtonian
Age range of interval:1.80000 - 0.30000 m.y. ago
* legacy (obsolete) database fields
Stratigraphy comments: said to be early Illinoian
Lithology and environment
Environment:terrestrial indet.
Modes of preservation:body
Collection methods and comments
Taxonomic list comments:type of "Burosor efforsorius", j.s. of Castoroides ohioensis, is from a locality about 1 mi. from Berends
Database number:20157
Authorizer:J. Alroy, J. Head Enterer:J. Alroy, J. Head
Research group:vertebrate
Created:1993-02-18 00:00:00 Last modified:2002-06-03 03:27:44
Access level:the public Released:1993-02-18 00:00:00
Creative Commons license:CC BY
Reference information

Primary reference:

3211. A. Starrett. 1956.  Pleistocene Mammals of the Berends Fauna of Oklahoma. Journal of Paleontology 30(5):1187-1192 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/J. Ju]

Secondary references:

6294 J. Alroy. 2002. Synonymies and reidentifications of North American fossil mammals. [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/M. Uhen]
948 E. Anderson. 1984. Review of the Small Carnivores of North America During the Last 3.5 Million Years. In H. H. Genoways and M. R. Dawson (eds.), Carnegie Museum of Natural History Special Publication 8:257-266 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/M. Uhen]
30836 B. H. Brattstrom. 1967. A succession of Pliocene and Pleistocene snake faunas from the High Plains of the United States. Copeia 1967(1):188-202 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy]
46039 J. A. Holman. 1986. Snakes of the Berends Local Fauna (Pleistocene: early Illinoian) of Oklahoma. Copeia 1986(3):811-812 [J. Head/J. Head]
6771 W. W. Korth. 2002. Comments on the systematics and classification of the beavers (Rodentia, Castoridae). Journal of Mammalian Evolution 8(4):279-296 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/J. Alroy]