Oeningen (von Breda collection): Sarmatian, Germany
collected by Von Breda

List of taxa
Where & when
Geology
Taphonomy & methods
Metadata & references
Taxonomic list
Insecta - Hemiptera - Alydidae
Alydus pulchellus Heer 1853
1 specimen
(1 measurement)
    = Heeralydus bucculatus n. gen., n. sp. Štys and Říha 1975
Štys and Říha 1975
TM T8247
Insecta - Orthoptera - Tettigoniidae
Platycleis speciosa (Heer 1865)
Zeuner 1939 3 specimens
BMNH In. 34931-933
Insecta - Odonata - Sieblosiidae
Germanostenolestes lutzi n. gen., n. sp. Nel and Fleck 2012
Nel and Fleck 2012 1 specimen
NHM OR 59573 (1 measurement)
Reptilia - Testudines - Testudinidae
Homopus scutella (Meyer 1845)
Lydekker 1889
BMNH 42886, slab with dorsal aspect of carapace
see common names

Geography
Country:Germany State/province:Baden-Württemberg
Coordinates: 47.7° North, 8.9° East (view map)
Paleocoordinates:47.9° North, 7.8° East
Basis of coordinate:based on nearby landmark
Geographic resolution:outcrop
Time
Period:Neogene Epoch:Miocene
Stage:Serravallian 10 m.y. bin:Cenozoic 5
Key time interval:Sarmatian Mammal zone: MN 7
Age range of interval:12.70000 - 11.60800 m.y. ago
Stratigraphy
Formation:Upper Freshwater-Molasse Member:Upper Oehningen beds
Stratigraphic resolution:group of beds
Lithology and environment
Primary lithology: lithified "limestone"
Environment:lacustrine - large Tectonic setting:foreland basin
Geology comments: "Rising into massive mountains, as in the well-known Righi and Rossberg, they attain a thickness of more than 6000 feet. While they include proofs of the presenceof the sea, they have preserved with marvellous perfection a large number of the plants which clothed the Alps, and of the insects which flitted through the woodlands. They form part of a great series of deposits which have been termed “Molasse” by the Swiss geologists...By far the larger portion of these strata is of lacustrine origin. They must have been formed in a large lake, the area of which probably underwent gradual subsidence during the period of deposition, until in Miocene times the sea once more overflowed the area. We may form some idea of the importance of the lake from the fact already stated, that the deposits formed in its waters are upwards of 6000 feet thick. Thanks to the untiring labours of Professor Heer, We know more of the vegetation of the mountains round that lake during Oligocene and Miocene time than we do of that of any other ancient geological period. " Geikie, 1882
"...deposited in the Northern Alpine Foreland basin..." Uhl et al., 2006
Taphonomy
Modes of preservation:mold/impression,adpression
Size of fossils:macrofossils,mesofossils
Collection methods and comments
Reason for describing collection:taxonomic analysis
Museum repositories:BMNH
Collectors:Von Breda
Collection method comments: Heeralydus bucculatus in Teyler Museum
Metadata
Database number:122872
Authorizer:M. Clapham, A. Dunhill Enterer:M. Clapham, B. Allen
Modifier:M. Clapham Research group:paleoentomology
Created:2012-01-06 11:57:13 Last modified:2014-06-12 11:23:48
Access level:the public Released:2012-01-06 11:57:13
Creative Commons license:CC BY
Reference information

Primary reference:

39159. O. Heer. 1853. Die Insektenfauna der Tertiärgebilde von Oeningen und von Radoboj in Croatien. Dritte Theil: Rhynchoten 1-138 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham/M. Uhen]

Secondary references:

41531 R. Lydekker. 1889. Catalogue of the Fossil Reptilia and Amphibia in the British Museum (Natural History) Part III. The Order Chelonia 1-239 [R. Benson/R. Benson/M. Uhen]
44247 A. Nel and G. Fleck. 2012. A new genus and species of Sieblosiidae from the Middle Miocene of Germany (Odonata: Epiproctophora). Zootaxa 3582:64-68 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham]
51650 P. Štys and P. Říha. 1975. Two new genera and species of fossil Alydidae from the Tertiary of central Europe (Heteroptera). Acta Universitatis Carolinae, Biologica 1973:185-197 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham/M. Clapham]
39932 F. E. Zeuner. 1939. Fossil Orthoptera Ensifera 1-321 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham/M. Clapham]