Burmese amber (Swinhoe collection, BMNH): Early/Lower Cenomanian, Myanmar
collected by R. C. J. Swinhoe 1915

List of taxa
Where & when
Geology
Taphonomy & methods
Metadata & references
Taxonomic list
Insecta - Hemiptera - Cixiidae
Plecophlebus nebulosus n. gen., n. sp. Cockerell 1917
Cockerell 1917 1 specimen
BMNH In.19094 (1 measurement)
Insecta - Hemiptera - Perforissidae
Cixitettiginae indet. Shcherbakov 2007
Shcherbakov 2007 1 specimen
NHM In. 20175 (eaten by a scavenger)
Foveopsis fennahi n. gen., n. sp. Shcherbakov 2007
Shcherbakov 2007 1 specimen
NHM In. 20172
Insecta - Hemiptera - Achilidae
Liburnia burmitina n. sp. Cockerell 1917
Cockerell 1917 1 specimen
recombined as Niryasaburnia burmitina
BMNH In.19105 (2 measurements)
Insecta - Hemiptera - Aleyrodidae
Aleurodicus burmiticus n. sp. Cockerell 1919
Cockerell 1919 1 specimen
BMNH In. 19134 (2 measurements)
Burmoselis evelynae n. gen., n. sp. Shcherbakov 2000
Shcherbakov 2000 1 specimen
NHM In. 20193
Insecta - Hemiptera
Marmyan barbarae n. gen., n. sp. Koteja 2004
Koteja 2004 1 specimen
BMNH In.20160(1)
Insecta - Hemiptera - Albicoccidae
Albicoccus dimai n. gen., n. sp. Koteja 2004
Koteja 2004 1 specimen
BMNH In.20155(2)
Insecta - Hemiptera - Burmacoccidae
Burmacoccus danyi n. gen., n. sp. Koteja 2004
Koteja 2004 1 specimen
BMNH In.20708
Insecta - Hemiptera - Aenictopecheidae
Enicocephalus fossilis n. sp. Cockerell 1916
1 specimen
recombined as Paenicotechys fossilis
BMNH In.19095
Insecta - Hemiptera - Enicocephalidae
Disphaerocephalus macropterus n. sp. Cockerell 1917
Cockerell 1917 1 specimen
BMNH In.19123(1)
Disphaerocephalus constrictus n. gen., n. sp. Cockerell 1917
Cockerell 1917 1 specimen
BMNH In.19112
Enicocephalus swinhoei n. sp. Cockerell 1917
Cockerell 1917 1 specimen
recombined as Disphaerocephalus swinhoei
BMNH In. 19113 (1 measurement)
Insecta - Lophioneuridae
Burmacypha longicornis n. gen., n. sp. Zherikhin 2000
Zherikhin 2000 1 specimen
NHM In. 20194 (1 measurement)
Insecta - Psocodea - Compsocidae
? Psyllipsocus banksi n. sp. Cockerell 1916
1 specimen
recombined as Burmacompsocus banksi
BMNH In.19097
Insecta - Psocodea - Archaeatropidae
Psylloneura perantiqua n. sp. Cockerell 1919
Cockerell 1919 1 specimen
recombined as Archaeatropos perantiqua
BMNH In.19136 (1 measurement)
Insecta - Blattaria - Raphidiomimidae
Raphidiomimula burmitica n. gen., n. sp. Grimaldi and Ross 2004
Grimaldi and Ross 2004 1 specimen
BMNH In.20150(3) (1 measurement)
Insecta - Blattodea - Archeorhinotermitidae
Archeorhinotermes rossi n. gen., n. sp. Krishna and Grimaldi 2003
Krishna and Grimaldi 2003 1 specimen
NHM In. 20160
Insecta - Blattodea - Kalotermitidae
Hodotermes tristis n. sp. Cockerell 1917
Cockerell 1917 1 specimen
recombined as Kachinitermes tristis
BMNH In.19103 (1 measurement)
Termopsis swinhoei n. sp. Cockerell 1916
1 specimen
recombined as Proelectrotermes swinhoei
BMNH In.19096 (1 measurement)
Insecta - Dermaptera - Labiduridae
Labidura electrina n. sp. Cockerell 1920
Cockerell 1920 1 specimen
recombined as Myrrholabia electrina
BMNH In. 20146
Insecta - Mantoblattidae
Mantoblatta mira n. gen., n. sp. Gorochov 2006
Gorochov 2006 1 specimen
BMNH In. 19132-2 (1 measurement)
Insecta - Embioptera - Notoligotomidae
Burmitembia venosa n. gen., n. sp. Cockerell 1919
Cockerell 1919 1 specimen
BMNH In. 19132 (3 measurements)
Insecta - Orthoptera - Tridactylidae
Birmitoxya intermedia n. gen., n. sp. Gorochov 2010
Gorochov 2010 1 specimen
NHM In. 20188-2 (1 measurement)
Insecta - Orthoptera - Mogoplistidae
Protomogoplistes asquamosus n. gen., n. sp. Gorochov 2010
Gorochov 2010 1 specimen
NHM In. 20188-1 (1 measurement)
Insecta - Hymenoptera - Formicidae
Haidomyrmex cerberus n. gen., n. sp. Dlussky 1996
Dlussky 1996 1 specimen
BMNH In.20182 (1 measurement)
Insecta - Hymenoptera
Cirrosphex admirabilis n. gen., n. sp. Antropov 2000
Antropov 2000 1 specimen
NHM In. 19125(1) (1 measurement)
Insecta - Hymenoptera - Ampulicidae
Apodolichurus diaphanus n. sp. Antropov 2000
Antropov 2000 1 specimen
NHM In. 19123(4)
Apodolichurus sphaerocephalus n. gen., n. sp. Antropov 2000
Antropov 2000 1 specimen
NHM In. 20150 (1 measurement)
Cretampulex gracilis n. gen., n. sp. Antropov 2000
Antropov 2000 1 specimen
NHM In. 19123(5) (1 measurement)
Mendampulex monilicularis n. gen., n. sp. Antropov 2000
Antropov 2000 1 specimen
NHM In. 20711 (1 measurement)
Insecta - Hymenoptera - Pemphredonidae
Prolemistus apiformis n. gen., n. sp. Antropov 2000
Antropov 2000 1 specimen
NHM In. 20181 (1 measurement)
Cretospilomena familiaris n. gen., n. sp. Antropov 2000
Antropov 2000 9 specimens
NHM In. 19136(1)-19136(9) (1 measurement)
Insecta - Hymenoptera
Trigonalys pervetus n. sp. Cockerell 1917
Cockerell 1917 1 specimen
recombined as Trigampulex pervetus
NHM In. 19093 (2 measurements)
Insecta - Hymenoptera - Crabronidae
Burmastatus triangularis n. gen., n. sp. Antropov 2000
Antropov 2000 1 specimen
NHM In. 20197 (1 measurement)
Insecta - Hymenoptera - Bethylidae
? Scleroderma quadridentatum n. sp. Cockerell 1917
Cockerell 1917 1 specimen
recombined as Sclerodermus quadridentatus
BMNH In.19116 (1 measurement)
Apenesia electriphila n. sp. Cockerell 1917
Cockerell 1917 1 specimen
recombined as Eleganesia electriphila
BMNH In.19109 (1 measurement)
Bethylitella cylindrella n. gen., n. sp. Cockerell 1917
Cockerell 1917 1 specimen
BMNH In.19120
Epyris atavellus n. sp. Cockerell 1920
Cockerell 1920 1 specimen
BMNH In.20149(1) (1 measurement)
Insecta - Hymenoptera - Falsiformicidae
Burmomyrma rossi n. gen., n. sp. Dlussky 1996
Dlussky 1996 1 specimen
BMNH In.19125 (1 measurement)
Insecta - Hymenoptera - Serphitidae
Serphites sp. Brues 1937
Ross and York 2000 1 specimen
BMNH In.20190
Insecta - Hymenoptera - Aulacidae
Hyptiogastrites electrinus n. gen., n. sp. Cockerell 1917
Cockerell 1917 1 specimen
BMNH In.19098 (1 measurement)
Protofoenus swinhoei n. gen., n. sp. Cockerell 1917
Cockerell 1917 1 specimen
BMNH In.19091 (1 measurement)
Electrofoenus gracilipes n. gen., n. sp. Cockerell 1917
Cockerell 1917 1 specimen
BMNH In.19117
Insecta - Hymenoptera - Evaniidae
Mesevania swinhoei n. gen., n. sp. Basibuyuk and Rasnitsyn 2000
Basibuyuk et al. 2000 1 specimen
NHM In. 20192 (2 measurements)
Insecta - Coleoptera - Dermestidae
"Dermestes" larvalis n. sp. Cockerell 1917
Cockerell 1917 1 specimen
BMNH In.19108
Insecta - Coleoptera - Elateridae
"Elater" burmitinus n. sp. Cockerell 1917
Cockerell 1917 1 specimen
BMNH In.19102 (2 measurements)
"Acmaeodera" burmitina n. sp. Cockerell 1917
Cockerell 1917 1 specimen
nomen dubium belonging to Elateridae
BMNH In.19107 (2 measurements)
Insecta - Coleoptera
Eurygenius wickhami n. sp. Cockerell 1917
Cockerell 1917 1 specimen
nomen dubium belonging to Tenebrionoidea
BMNH In.19110 (1 measurement)
Insecta - Coleoptera - Zopheridae
Cryphalites rugosissmus n. gen., n. sp. Cockerell 1917
Cockerell 1917 1 specimen
corrected as Cryphalites rugosissimus
BMNH In.19111 (1 measurement)
Insecta - Coleoptera - Ripiphoridae
Myodites burmiticus n. sp. Cockerell 1917
Cockerell 1917 1 specimen
recombined as Cretaceoripidius burmiticus
BMNH In.19092 (1 measurement)
Insecta - Coleoptera - Sphaeriusidae
Burmasporum rossi n. gen., n. sp. Kirejtshuk 2009
Kirejtshuk 2009 1 specimen
BMNH In. 19132
Insecta - Diptera - Ceratopogonidae
Austroconops asiaticus n. sp. Szadziewski 2004
Szadziewski 2004 1 specimen
BMNH In.20173(4) (2 measurements)
Leptoconops rossi n. sp. Szadziewski 2004
Szadziewski 2004 3 specimens
recombined as Leptoconops (Leptoconops) rossi
BMNH In. 20173(1), (2), (3) (2 measurements)
Leptoconops myanmaricus n. sp. Szadziewski 2004
Szadziewski 2004 4 specimens
recombined as Leptoconops (Leptoconops) myanmaricus
BMNH In.20168(6), (7), (8), (9) (1 measurement)
Leptoconops burmiticus n. sp. Szadziewski 2004
Szadziewski 2004 1 specimen
recombined as Leptoconops (Leptoconops) burmiticus
BMNH In.20700, Hukawng valley (2 measurements)
Atriculicoides sp. Remm 1976
Szadziewski 2004 1 specimen
BMNH In.20168(10)
Johannsenomyia swinhoei n. sp. Cockerell 1919
Cockerell 1919 3 specimens
recombined as Atriculicoides swinhoei
BMNH In.19133. In Szadziewski, 2004: 20168(11), 20190 (2 measurements)
Insecta - Diptera - Chaoboridae
Chaoburmus breviusculus n. gen., n. sp. Lukashevich 2000
Lukashevich 2000 2 specimens
NHM In. 20168, 20168(1)
? Chaoburmus victimaartis n. sp. Lukashevich 2000
Lukashevich 2000 1 specimen
NHM In. 20157
Insecta - Diptera - Hybotidae
Electrocyrtoma burmanica n. gen., n. sp. Cockerell 1917
Cockerell 1917 1 specimen
corrected as Electrocyrtoma burmanicum
BMNH In.19099 (1 measurement)
Insecta - Diptera - Empididae
Burmitempis halteralis n. gen., n. sp. Cockerell 1917
Cockerell 1917 2 specimens
BMNH In.19121, 19106 (2 measurements)
Insecta - Diptera - Therevidae
Psilocephala electrella n. sp. Cockerell 1920
Cockerell 1920 1 specimen
BMNH In. 20148 (1 measurement)
Insecta - Diptera - Apsilocephalidae
Burmapsilocephala cockerelli n. gen., n. sp. Gaimari and Mostovski 2000
Gaimari and Mostovski 2000 1 specimen
NHM In. 20167 (2 measurements)
Insecta - Diptera - Keroplatidae
Burmacrocera petiolata n. gen., n. sp. Cockerell 1917
Cockerell 1917 1 specimen
BMNH In.19104 (1 measurement)
Insecta - Diptera - Cecidomyiidae
Winnertziola burmitica n. sp. Cockerell 1917
Cockerell 1917 1 specimen
recombined as Winnertzia burmitica
BMNH In.19114 (2 measurements)
Insecta - Diptera - Sciaridae
"Sciara" burmitina n. sp. Cockerell 1917
Cockerell 1917 1 specimen
BMNH In.19100 (1 measurement)
Insecta - Diptera - Limoniidae
Rhabdomastix (Palaeogonomyia) jarzembowskii n. sp. Krzemiński 2004
Krzemiński 2004 1 specimen
recombined as Rhabdomastix jarzembowskii
BMNH In.20155
Dicranoptycha fragmentata n. sp. Krzemiński 2004
Krzemiński 2004 1 specimen
BMNH In.20171
Insecta - Diptera - Psychodidae
Eophlebotomus connectens n. gen., n. sp. Cockerell 1920
Cockerell 1920 1 specimen
BMNH In.20147 (2 measurements)
Trichomyia swinhoei n. sp. Cockerell 1917
Cockerell 1917 1 specimen
nomen dubium belonging to Sycoracinae
BMNH In.20147 (2 measurements)
Insecta - Lepidoptera - Micropterigidae
Micropteryx pervetus n. sp. Cockerell 1919
Cockerell 1919 1 specimen
recombined as Sabatinca perveta
BMNH In.19135 (2 measurements)
Insecta - Trichoptera - Hydroptilidae
Burminoptila bemeneha n. gen., n. sp. Botosaneanu 1981
Botosaneanu 1981 1 specimen
BMNH In. 20180 (1 measurement)
Insecta - Neuroptera - Rhachiberothidae
Eorhachiberotha burmitica n. gen., n. sp. Engel 2004
Engel 2004 1 specimen
BMNH In.20177 (2 measurements)
Insecta - Ephemeroptera - Baetidae
Myanmarella rossi n. gen., n. sp. Sinitshenkova 2000
Sinitshenkova 2000 1 specimen
BMNH In.20173 (1 measurement)
Insecta - Zygentoma - Lepismatidae
? Lampropholis burmiticus n. sp. Cockerell 1917
Cockerell 1917 1 specimen
recombined as Allacrotelsa burmiticus
BMNH In.19119 (1 measurement)
Xiphosura - Xiphosurida - Praeterleptonetidae
Praeterleptonetidae indet. Wunderlich 2008
Wunderlich 2008 1 specimen
NHM In. 20152
Palaeohygropoda myanmarensis n. gen., n. sp. Penney 2004
Penney 2004 1 specimen
NHM In. 19132(1)
Xiphosura - Xiphosurida - Dictynidae
? Dictynidae informal indet. 1 Pickard-Cambridge 1871
Wunderlich 2008 1 specimen
NHM In. 20186
Xiphosura - Xiphosurida - Eopsilodercidae
? Eopsilodercidae informal indet. 3 Wunderlich 2008
Wunderlich 2008 1 specimen
NHM In. 20152
Xiphosura - Xiphosurida - Segestriidae
? Segestriidae indet. Simon 1893
Wunderlich 2008 1 specimen
NHM In. 20193
Xiphosura - Xiphosurida - Plumorsolidae
? Plumorsolidae indet. Wunderlich 2008
Wunderlich 2008 1 specimen
NHM In. 20197
Xiphosura - Xiphosurida - Oonopidae
Burmorchestina pulcher Wunderlich 2008
Wunderlich 2008 1 specimen
BMNH In. 20210 (Orchestina sp. in table in Penney, 2000)
Xiphosura - Xiphosurida
Mygalomorphae informal indet. 2 Pocock 1892
Wunderlich 2008 1 specimen
NHM In. 19132 (in piece with Palaeohygropoda myanmarensis)
Mygalomorphae informal indet. 3 Pocock 1892
Wunderlich 2008 1 specimen
NHM In. 19104(6)
Xiphosura - Xiphosurida - Cheyletidae
Cheyletus burmiticus n. sp. Cockerell 1917
Cockerell 1917 1 specimen
BMNH In.19115 (1 measurement)
Xiphosura - Xiphosurida - Neobisiidae
Electrobisium acutum n. gen., n. sp. Cockerell 1917
Cockerell 1917 2 specimens
BMNH In.19118, 19123(3) (1 measurement)
Xiphosura - Xiphosurida - Garypinidae
Garypus burmiticus n. sp. Cockerell 1920
Cockerell 1920 1 specimen
recombined as Amblyolpium burmiticum
BMNH In.20149
Xiphosura - Xiphosurida - Palaeoburmesebuthidae
Palaeoburmesebuthus grimaldii Lourenço 2002
Santiago-Blay et al. 2004 1 specimen
NHM In. 20174
Myriapoda - Polyxenida - Synxenidae
Polyxenus burmiticus n. sp. Cockerell 1917
Cockerell 1917 1 specimen
recombined as Phryssonotus burmiticus
BMNH In.19122 (1 measurement)
see common names

Geography
Country:Myanmar
Coordinates: 26.4° North, 96.7° East (view map)
Paleocoordinates:12.4° North, 93.8° East
Basis of coordinate:based on nearby landmark
Time
Period:Cretaceous Epoch:Late/Upper Cretaceous
Stage:Cenomanian 10 m.y. bin:Cretaceous 5
Key time interval:Early/Lower Cenomanian
Age range of interval:99.60000 - 93.50000 m.y. ago
Age estimate:maximum 98.79 ± 0.62 Ma (U/Pb)
Stratigraphy
Lithology and environment
Primary lithology: amber
Includes fossils?Y
Lithology description: "reddish-orange amber..."or "transparent yellow amber"
Environment:terrestrial indet.
Taphonomy
Modes of preservation:body,amber
Size of fossils:mesofossils
Collection methods and comments
Reason for describing collection:taxonomic analysis
Museum repositories:BMNH
Collectors:R. C. J. Swinhoe Collection dates:c. 1915
Collection method comments: Collected by Swinhoe in the 1910s
Metadata
Database number:123020
Authorizer:M. Clapham Enterer:M. Clapham, J. Karr, A. Delelli
Modifier:M. Clapham Research group:paleoentomology
Created:2012-01-10 09:05:31 Last modified:2017-01-21 11:22:51
Access level:the public Released:2012-01-10 09:05:31
Creative Commons license:CC BY
Reference information

Primary reference:

39335. T. D. A. Cockerell. 1916. Insects in Burmese amber. American Journal of Science, Series 4 42:135-138 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham/M. Clapham]

Secondary references:

44296 A. V. Antropov. 2000. Digger wasps (Hymenoptera, Sphecidae) in Burmese amber. Bulletin of the Natural History Museum, Geology Series 56:59-77 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham]
44295 H. H. Basibuyuk, A. P. Rasnitsyn, M. G. Fitton and D. L. J. Quicke. 2000. An archaic new genus of Evaniidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera) and implications for the biology of ancestral evanioids. Bulletin of the Natural History Museum, Geology Series 56:53-58 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham]
51675 L. Botosaneanu. 1981. On a false and a genuine caddis-fly from Burmese amber (Insecta: Trichoptera, Homoptera). Bulletin Zoölogisch Museum, Universiteit van Amsterdam 8:73-78 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham/M. Clapham]
39337 T. D. A. Cockerell. 1917. Fossil insects. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 10:1-22 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham]
39330 T. D. A. Cockerell. 1917. Arthropods in Burmese amber. Psyche 24:40-44 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham]
39331 T. D. A. Cockerell. 1917. Arthropods in Burmese amber. American Journal of Science, Series 4 44(263):360-368 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham/M. Clapham]
39336 T. D. A. Cockerell. 1917. Insects in Burmese amber. Annals of the Entomological Society of America 10:323-329 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham/M. Clapham]
49173 T. D. A. Cockerell. 1917. Descriptions of fossil insects. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington 30:79-81 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham]
39342 T. D. A. Cockerell. 1919. Two interesting insects in Burmese amber. The Entomologist 52:193-195 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham]
40376 T. D. A. Cockerell. 1919. Insects in Burmese amber. The Entomologist 52:241-243 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham]
39329 T. D. A. Cockerell. 1920. Fossil arthropods in the British Museum - IV. The Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Ninth Series 6:211-214 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham/M. Clapham]
45269 T. D. A. Cockerell. 1920. A therevid fly in Burmese amber. The Entomologist 53:169-170 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham]
41450 T. D. A. Cockerell. 1920. T. D. A. Cockerell. 1920. Fossil Arthropods in the British Museum, I. The Annals and Magazine of Natural History, Ninth Series 5:273-279 [M. Clapham/J. Karr/M. Clapham]
39313 G. M. Dlussky. 1996. Ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) from Burmese amber. Paleontological Journal 30:449-454 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham]
39327 D. A. Duckhouse. 2000. Redescription and re-evaluation of the Burmese amber psychodid Eophlebotomus connectens Cockerell and its phylogenetic position (Diptera: Psychodidae). Systematic Entomology 25:503-509 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham]
39295 M. S. Engel. 2004. Thorny lacewings (neuroptera: Rhachiberothidae) in Cretaceous Amber from Myanmar. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology 2:137-140 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham]
44292 S. D. Gaimari and M. B. Mostovski. 2000. Burmapsilocephala cockerelli, a new genus and species of Asiloidea (Diptera) from Burmese amber. Bulletin of the Natural History Museum, Geology Series 56:43-45 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham]
45479 A. V. Gorochov. 2006. New and little known orthopteroid insects (Polyneoptera) from fossil resins: communication 1. Paleontological Journal 40:646-654 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham]
5027 A. V. Gorochov. 2010. New and little known orthopteroid insects (Polyneoptera) from fossil resins: communication 3. Paleontological Journal 44:434-450 [C. Labandeira/C. Labandeira/M. Clapham]
39934 A. V. Gorochov. 2010. New and little-known orthopteroid insects (Polyneoptera) from fossil resins: communication 4. Paleontological Journal 44:657-671 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham]
39296 D. A. Grimaldi and A. J. Ross. 2004. Raphidiomimula, an enigmatic new cockroach in Cretaceous amber from Myanmar (Burma) (Insecta: Blattodea: Raphidiomimidae). Journal of Systematic Palaeontology 2:101-104 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham]
39297 J. T. Jennings, A. D. Austin, and N. B. Stephens. 2004. Hyptiogastrites electrinus Cockerell, 1917, from Myanmar (Burmese) amber: redescription and its placement within the Evanioidea (Insecta: Hymenoptera). Journal of Systematic Palaeontology 2:127-132 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham]
44297 M. L. I. Judson. 2000. Electrobisium acutum Cockerell, a cheiridiid pseudoscorpion from Burmese amber, with remarks on the validity of the Cheiridioidea (Arachnida, Chelonethi). Bulletin of the Natural History Museum, Geology Series 56:79-83 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham]
45478 A. G. Kirejtshuk. 2009. A new genus and species of Sphaeriusidae (Coleoptera, Myxophaga) from Lower Cretaceous Burmese amber. Denisia 26:99-102 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham]
39298 J. Koteja. 2004. Scale insects (Hemiptera: Coccinea) from Cretaceous Myanmar (Burmese) amber. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology 2:109-114 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham]
40179 K. Krishna and D. A. Grimaldi. 2003. The first Cretaceous Rhinotermitidae (Isoptera): a new species, genus, and subfamily in Burmese amber. American Museum Novitates 3390:1-10 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham/M. Clapham]
39299 W. Krzemiński. 2004. Fossil Limoniidae (Diptera, Tipulomorpha) from Lower Cretaceous Burmese amber of Myanmar. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology 2:123-125 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham/M. Clapham]
44293 E. D. Lukashevich. 2000. Phantom midges (Diptera: Chaoboridae) from Burmese amber. Bulletin of the Natural History Museum, Geology Series 56:47-52 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham]
47381 D. Penney. 2004. A new genus and species of Pisauridae (Araneae) in Cretaceous Burmese amber. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology 2:141-145 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham]
53134 A. J. Ross and P. V. York. 2000. A list of type and figured specimens of insects and other inclusions in Burmese amber. Bulletin of the Natural History Museum, Geology Series 56:11-20 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham]
49632 J. A. Santiago-Blay, V. Fet, M. E. Soleglad and P. R. Craig. 2004. The second Cretaceous scorpion specimen from Burmese amber (Arachnida: Scorpiones). Journal of Systematic Palaeontology 2:147-152 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham]
44290 D. E. Shcherbakov. 2000. The most primitive whiteflies (Hemiptera; Aleyrodidae; Bernaeinae subfam. nov.) from the Mesozoic of Asia and Burmese amber, with an overview of Burmese amber hemipterans. Bulletin of the Natural History Museum, Geology Series 56:29-37 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham]
46911 D. E. Shcherbakov. 2007. An extraordinary new family of Cretaceous planthoppers (Homoptera: Fulgoroidea). Russian Entomological Journal 16(2):139-154 [M. Clapham/J. Karr]
39309 N. D. Sinitshenkova. 2000. The first fossil prosopistomatid mayfly from Burmese amber (Ephemeroptera; Prosopistomatidae). Bulletin of the Natural History Museum, Geology Series 56(1):25-28 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham/M. Clapham]
48788 P. Štys. 1969. Revision of fossil and pseudofossil Enicocephalidae (Heteroptera). Acta Entomologica Bohemoslovaca 66:352-365 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham/M. Clapham]
39281 R. Szadziewski. 2004. Biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) from Burmese amber, Myanmar. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology 2:115-121 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham]
39300 J. Szwedo. 2004. Niryasaburnia gen. nov. for "Liburnia" burmitina Cockerell, 1917, from Cretaceous Myanmar (Burmese) amber (Hemiptera, Fulgoromorpha: Achilidae). Journal of Systematic Palaeontology 2:105-107 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham]
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47530 J. Wunderlich. 2008. Descriptions of fossil spider (Araneae) taxa mainly in Baltic amber, as well as on certain related extant taxa. Beiträge zur Araneologie 5:44-139 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham/M. Clapham]
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