Leaf locality, Lake Ngapakaldi: Late/Upper Oligocene - Early/Lower Miocene, Australia

List of taxa
Where & when
Taphonomy & methods
Metadata & references
Taxonomic list
Mammalia - Dasyuromorphia - Thylacinidae
Thylacinus sp. Temminck 1824
Archer 1982
Mammalia - Peramelemorphia
Kutjamarcoot brevirostrum n. gen., n. sp. Chamberlain et al. 2015
Chamberlain et al. 2015 24 specimens
Holotype. UCMP100275, right dentary with m2–4 and alveoli for c1, p1–3 and m1. Paratypes. SAM P50824, UCMP100281, partial right UCMP100282, isolated left m3; SAM P50832, isolated right P3; UCMP102442, isolated left M1; SAM P50826, isolated left M2; SAM P50827, broken isolated left M2 (missing most of metastylar shelf); SAM P17917, isolated left M3. Referred material. UCMP100280, left dentary with m2–3; UCMP66842, isolated right m1; SAM P50833, broken isolated right mx (breakage at hypoconulid and postparaconid); SAM P50829, isolated left m1; UCMP108071, isolated right m2; UCMP108073, broken isolated left m2 (cracked on talonid); UCMP107799, isolated right m3; SAM P50830, isolated left m3; UCMP100277, broken isolated right mx (most of trigonid missing); UCMP66843, broken isolated left mx (most of talonid missing), SAM P50831, isolated right M1; SAM P50825, isolated left M3; SAM P50828, isolated left broken M1; UCMP66832, broken right M2; UCMP108070, broken right M3.
Mammalia - Diprotodontia - Vombatidae
Rhizophascolonus crowcrofti Stirton et al. 1967
Brewer et al. 2008
Mammalia - Diprotodontia - Phascolarctidae
Litokoala kutjamarpensis Stirton et al. 1967
Springer 1982
Mammalia - Diprotodontia - Thylacoleonidae
Wakaleo oldfieldi n. gen., n. sp. Clemens and Plane 1974
Clemens and Plane 1974 3 specimens
SAM P17925, a left dentary with I1, P3, M1-2. AR 19248, left M1 ; AR 3272, right M2
Mammalia - Diprotodontia - Burramyidae
Burramys parvus Broom 1896
Case et al. 2001
Mammalia - Diprotodontia - Pseudocheiridae
Marlu kutjamarpensis Woodburne et al. 1987
Wroe 1998
Reptilia - Theropoda - Casuariidae
Dromaius gidju n. sp. Patterson and Rich 1987
1 individual
recombined as Emuarius gidju
associated left lower limb elements (2 measurements)
Reptilia - Theropoda - Presbyornithidae
Wilaru prideauxi n. sp. De Pietri et al. 2016
De Pietri et al. 2016 1 specimen
SAM P.53136 (formerly UCMP 108052), holotype
Reptilia - Testudines - Chelidae
Emydura sp. Bonaparte 1836
Gaffney 1979 1 specimen
UCMP 77348, shell
see common names

Country:Australia State/province:South Australia
Coordinates: 27.8° South, 140.7° East (view map)
Paleocoordinates:40.4° South, 137.1° East
Basis of coordinate:based on political unit
*Period:Tertiary *Epoch:Miocene
Key time interval:Late/Upper Oligocene - Early/Lower Miocene
Age range of interval:27.82000 - 15.98000 m.y. ago
* legacy (obsolete) database fields
Stratigraphic resolution:group of beds
Stratigraphy comments: Kutjamarpu LF
Lithology and environment
Primary lithology: not reported
Environment:fluvial-lacustrine indet.
Modes of preservation:body
Size of fossils:macrofossils
Collection methods and comments
Reason for describing collection:taxonomic analysis
Museum repositories:UCMP
Taxonomic list comments:Kutjamarpu Fauna
Also known as:UCMP V6213
Database number:13313
Authorizer:J. Hunter, J. Alroy, M. Uhen, P. Holroyd, R. Butler, E. Vlachos, R. Close Enterer:J. Hunter, M. Uhen, A. Garcia Selles, R. Close, R. Butler, E. Vlachos, P. Holroyd
Modifier:M. Uhen Research group:vertebrate
Created:2002-02-20 13:32:01 Last modified:2016-12-27 09:02:10
Access level:the public Released:2002-02-20 13:32:01
Creative Commons license:CC BY
Reference information

Primary reference:

4424.5% 8620C. Patterson and P. V. Rich. 1987. The fossil history of the emus, Dromaius (Aves: Dromaiinae). Records of the South Australian Museum 25(2):85-117 [J. Hunter/J. Hunter/M. Carrano]

Secondary references:

42968 M. Archer. 1982. Review of the dasyurid (Marsupialia) fossil record, integration of data bearing on phylogenetic interpretation, and suprageneric classification. In M. Archer (ed.), Carnivorous Marsuliaps 2:397-443 [J. Alroy/A. Garcia Selles]
60303 P. Brewer, M. Archer, and S. Hand. 2008. Additional Specimens of the Oldest Wombat Rhizophascolonus Crowcrofti (Vombatidae; Marsupialia) from the Wipajiri Formation, South Australia: An Intermediate Morphology?. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 28(4):1144-1148 [M. Uhen/N. Visalden/N. Visalden]
44016 P. Brewer, M. Archer, and S. Hand. 2008. Additional specimens of the oldest wombat Rhizophascolonus crowcrofti (Vombatidae; Marsupialia) from the Wipajiri Formation, South Australia: an intermediate morphology?. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 28(4):1144-1148 [J. Alroy/A. Garcia Selles]
60981 J. A. Case, L. Ciminello, S. Q. Dornbos, N. M. Fraser, and G. Grellet-Tinner. 2001. Description and phylogenetic assessment of pygmy possums and feathertail possums of the early Miocene in South Australia. PaleoBios 21(1, Suppl.):1 [M. Uhen/F. Villegas-Garin/M. Uhen]
57548 P. M. Chamberlain, K. J. Travouillon, M. Archer and S. J. Hand. 2015. Kutjamarcoot brevirostrum gen. et sp. nov., a new short-snouted, early Miocene bandicoot (Marsupialia: Peramelemorphia) from the Kutjamarpu Local Fauna (Wipajiri Formation) in South Australia. Alcheringa 40:1-10 [R. Close/R. Close]
44022 W. A. Clemens and M. Plane. 1974. Mid'Tertiary Thylacoleonidae (Marsupialia, Mammalia). Journal of Paleontology 48(4):652-660 [J. Alroy/A. Garcia Selles]
61268 V. L. De Pietri, R. P. Scofield, N. V. Zelenkov, W. E. Boles, and T. H. Worthy. 2016. The unexpected survival of an ancient lineage of anseriform birds into the Neogene of Australia: the youngest record of Presbyornithidae. Royal Society Open Science 3(150635):1-16 [P. Holroyd/P. Holroyd/O. Alfaro]
83900 E. S. Gaffney. 1979. Fossil Chelid Turtles of Australia. American Museum Novitates (2681)1-17 [E. Vlachos/E. Vlachos]
57554 A. K. Gillespie, M. Archer, S. J. Hand and K. H. Black. 2014. New material referable to Wakaleo (Marsupialia: Thylacoleonidae) from the Riversleigh World Heritage Area, northwestern Queensland: revising species boundaries and distributions in Oligo/Miocene marsupial lions. Alcheringa 38:513-527 [R. Close/R. Close]
43112 N. S. Pledge. 2010. A new koala (Marsupialia : Phascolarctidae) from the late Oligocene Etadunna Formation, Lake Eyre Basin, South Australia. Australian Mammalogy 32:79-86 [J. Alroy/A. Garcia Selles]
28955 D. A. Springer. 1982. Community gradients in the Martinsburg Fm. (Ord.) southwestern Virginia. Unpublished, Ph.D thesis, United Press International, Blacksburg VA [K. Layou/K. Layou/J. Ju]
42945 S. Wroe. 1998. A new ‘bone-cracking’ dasyurid (marsupialia), from the Miocene of Riversleigh, northwestern Queensland. Alcheringa 22(3):277-284 [J. Alroy/A. Garcia Selles]