Cerro Los Quesos: Messinian, Peru

List of taxa
Where & when
Taphonomy & methods
Metadata & references
Taxonomic list
Mollusca indet. Linnaeus 1758
Lambert et al. 2009
Chondrichthyes - Lamniformes - Otodontidae
Carcharodon megalodon (Agassiz 1843)
Pimiento and Balk 2015
recombined as Otodus megalodon
Mammalia - Ungulata
Mysticeti indet. Cope 1891
Acrophyseter sp. Lambert et al. 2008
Lambert et al. 2017
Mammalia - Ungulata - Pontoporiidae
Brachydelphis mazeasi Muizon 1988
Lambert et al. 2009 1 specimen
Mammalia - Ungulata - Ziphiidae
Nazcacetus urbinai n. gen., n. sp. Lambert et al. 2009
Lambert et al. 2009 1 specimen
Chavinziphius maxillocristatus n. gen., n. sp. Bianucci et al. 2016
Bianucci et al. 2016 1 specimen
see common names

Country:Peru State/province:Ica
Coordinates: 14.5° South, 75.7° West (view map)
Paleocoordinates:14.8° South, 74.3° West
Basis of coordinate:stated in text
Geographic resolution:local area
Period:Neogene Epoch:Miocene
Stage:Messinian 10 m.y. bin:Cenozoic 6
Key time interval:Messinian
Age range of interval:7.24600 - 5.33300 m.y. ago
Formation:Pisco Member:F
Stratigraphic resolution:formation
Stratigraphy comments: Messinian age after Lambert et al. 2015 (60319)
Lithology and environment
Primary lithology:hummocky CS,diatomaceous siltstone
Includes fossils?Y
Geology comments: high sedimentation rate, shallow-to-deep shelf, upwelling
Modes of preservation:body,soft parts,original phosphate
Size of fossils:macrofossils,mesofossils,microfossils
Preservation of anatomical detail:excellent
Abundance in sediment:common
Articulated whole bodies:many
Collection methods and comments
Collection methods:observed (not collected)
Reason for describing collection:taphonomic analysis
Database number:78518
Authorizer:M. Uhen, C. Jaramillo Enterer:M. Uhen, C. Pimiento
Modifier:B. Shipps Research group:vertebrate
Created:2008-02-07 12:48:07 Last modified:2017-02-26 16:03:59
Access level:the public Released:2008-02-07 12:48:07
Creative Commons license:CC BY
Reference information

Primary reference:

26394. R. Esperante, L. Brand, K. E. Nick, O. Poma, and M. Urbina. 2008. Exceptional occurrence of fossil baleen in shallow marine sediments of the Neogene Pisco Formation, Southern Peru. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 257:344-360 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]

Secondary references:

60408 G. Bianucci, C. Di Celma, M. Urbina and O. Lambert. 2016. New beaked whales from the late Miocene of Peru and evidence for convergent evolution in stem and crown Ziphiidae (Cetacea, Odontoceti). PeerJ 4:e2479 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]
30755 O. Lambert, G. Bianucci and K. Post. 2009. A new beaked whale (Odontoceti, Ziphiidae) from the middle Miocene of Peru. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 29(3):910-922 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen/M. Uhen]
37752 O. Lambert, G. Bianucci, and K. Post. 2010. Tusk-bearing beaked whales from the Miocene of Peru: sexual dimorphism in fossil ziphiids?. Journal of Mammalogy 91(1):19-26 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]
60319 O. Lambert, G. Bianucci, and C. Muizon. 2017. Macroraptorial sperm whales (Cetacea, Odontoceti, Physeteroidea) from the Miocene of Peru. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 179:404-474 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen/M. Uhen]
49081 C. Pimiento and M. Balk. 2015. The extinct giant shark Carcharocles megalodon: A model for understanding deep-time body size trends of marine apex predators. [C. Jaramillo/C. Pimiento/C. Pimiento]