Pech du Fraysse: MP 28, France

List of taxa
Where & when
Geology
Taphonomy & methods
Metadata & references
Taxonomic list
Reptilia - Testudines
Chelydropsis sp. Peters 1868
Broin 1977
"Chelydropsis sp., groupe decheni-sanctihenrici"
Reptilia - Testudines - Testudinidae
Ergilemys sp. Ckhikvadze 1972
Broin 1977
Cheirogaster phosphoritarum (Rage 1988)
Broin 1977
original and current combination Testudo phosphoritarum
Reptilia - Testudines - Geoemydidae
Ptychogaster cayluxensis Lydekker 1889
Broin 1977
Reptilia - Testudines - Emydidae
Emydidae indet. Rafinesque 1815
Broin 1977
"Un ou deux Emydides indetermines"
Reptilia - Squamata - Lacertidae
Lacertidae indet. Bonaparte 1831
Augé 2005 2 specimens
two premaxillae
Pseudeumeces cadurcensis Filhol 1877
Auge and Hervet 2009 20 specimens
MNHN, PFR 11020, fifteen dentaries; MNHN, PFR 11004, left maxilla; MNHN, PFR 11021, three incomplete maxillae; MNHN, PFR 11016, premaxilla
Mediolacerta roceki n. gen., n. sp. Augé 2005
Augé 2005 67 specimens
MNHN PFR 11006 (holotype), left dentary; additional material: twenty one left dentaries (incl. fifteen fragments), twenty seven right dentaries (incl. fifteen fragments), twelve left maxillae (incl. one complete), seven incomplete right maxillae
Lacerta filholi n. sp. Augé 1988
Augé 2005 34 specimens
USTL PFR 11 001 (holotype), left dentary; additional material: nineteen left dentaries, eleven right dentaries, one left maxilla, two premaxillae
Reptilia - Squamata - Anguidae
Dopasia frayssensis n. sp. Augé 2005
Augé 2005
recombined as Ophisauromimus frayssensis
MNHN PFR 11003 (holotype), complete right dentary; PFR 11005, six incomplete right dentaries; additional two incomplete left dentaries and 'several tens of vertebrae'
Anguini indet. Augé 2005
Augé 2005
Dopasia roqueprunensis Auge 1992
Augé 2005 3 specimens
recombined as Ophisaurus roqueprunensis
two incomplete left dentaries and an incomplete right dentary
Reptilia - Squamata - Iguanidae
Geiseltaliellus sp. Kuhn 1944
Augé and Pouit 2012 4 specimens
MNHN, PFR 11009, partial left dentary; MNHN, PFR 11010, partial left maxilla; MNHN, PFR 11011, partial right maxilla; MNHN, PFR 11058, fragmentary jaw
Reptilia - Squamata - Boidae
Bavarioboa crocheti Szyndlar and Rage 2003
Szyndlar and Rage 2003 19 specimens
MNHN PFR 11039-11046 and 11052-11055, about 330 trunk vertebrae; PFR 11047, one cloacal vertebra; PFR 11048-9, 11056-7, 54 caudal vertebrae; PFR 11051, one right dentary; PFR 11050, one left dentary
Bransateryx vireti Hoffstetter and Rage 1972
Rage 1974
Reptilia - Squamata - Tropidophiidae
Platyspondylia lepta n. gen., n. sp. Rage 1974
Szyndlar and Rage 2003 214 specimens
(also see ref. 16854) Material includes holotype MNHN PFR 6350, numerous vertebrae, a palatine, a quadrate, and an ?articular
Reptilia - Squamata
Amphisbaenidae indet. (Gray 1865)
Augé 2005
about ten dorsal vertebrae, seven left dentaries, one right dentary, a few maxillae, two premaxillae
Reptilia - Squamata - Cordylidae
? Cordylidae sp. Gray 1837
Augé 2005 3 specimens
?posterior portion of dentary, two dorsal vertebrae
Mammalia - Rodentia - Theridomyidae
Issiodoromys limognensis Schmidt-Kittler and Vianey-Liaud 1987
Vianey-Liaud 1991
Archaeomys intermedius
Vianey-Liaud 1991
Mammalia - Rodentia - Cricetidae
Pseudocricetodon philippi Hugueney 1971
Kälin 2013
Pseudocricetodon montalbanensis Thaler 1969
Vianey-Liaud 1972
Heterocricetodon helbingi Stehlin and Schaub 1951
Vianey-Liaud 1972
Melissiodon quercyi Schaub 1920
Vianey-Liaud 1972
Eucricetodon quercyi n. sp. Vianey-Liaud 1972
Vianey-Liaud 1972
MNHN PFR 8506 - type
Mammalia - Rodentia - Aplodontidae
Plesispermophilus macrodon Schmidt-Kittler and Vianey-Liaud 1979
Schmidt-Kittler and Vianey-Liaud 1979
Mammalia - Rodentia - Gliridae
Gliridae indet. Muirhead 1819
Vianey-Liaud 2003
PFY 1706 - cf. Peridyromys nov. sp., or cf. Myomimus nov. sp.
Microdyromys praemurinus Freudenberg 1941
Vianey-Liaud 2003
Peridyromys murinus Pomel 1853
Vianey-Liaud 2003
Gliravus bruijni Hugueney 1967
Vianey-Liaud 2003
recombined as Schizogliravus bruijni
Glirudinus glirulus Dehm 1935
Vianey-Liaud 2003
Mammalia - Rodentia - Eomyidae
Eomys gigas
Comte and Vianey-Liaud 1989
Eomys quercyi Comte and Vianey-Liaud 1987
Comte and Vianey-Liaud 1989
Eomys zitteli Schlosser 1884
Comte and Vianey-Liaud 1989
Mammalia - Lipotyphla - Talpidae
Geotrypus cadurcensis
Geotrypus antiquus (de Blainville 1840)
Crochet 1995
Geotrypus acutidentatus (de Blainville 1840)
Crochet 1995
Mygatalpa arvernensis Schreuder 1940
Ziegler 2012
Mammalia - Soricidae
Srinitium sp. Hugueney 1976
Reumer 1994
Mammalia - Carnivora - Ursidae
Adelpharctos ginsburgi n. sp. de Bonis 2011
de Bonis 2011
PFRA 34 - type
Cephalogale sp. Jourdan 1862
de Bonis 2011
    = Cyonarctos dessei de Bonis 2013
de Bonis 2013
Mammalia - Carnivora - Ailuridae
Amphictis ambigua
de Bonis 2011
Amphictis cf. nana
de Bonis 2011
Mammalia - Carnivora - Amphicyonidae
Amphicyonidae sp. Haeckel 1886
de Bonis 2011
Goupilictis minor (Dehm 1935)
de Bonis 2015
PF 60, 62 and 63
Mammalia - Carnivora - Mustelidae
Necromanis cf. franconica (Quenstedt 1885)
Crochet et al. 2015
original and current combination Lutra franconica
PFY 4051
Plesictis stenogalinus
de Bonis 2011
Mammalia - Carnivora
Stenoplesictis cayluxi Filhol 1880
Peigné and de Bonis 1999
PFRA 52-54
Stenoplesictis crocheti n. sp. Peigné and de Bonis 1999
Peigné and de Bonis 1999
PFRA 417 - type
Mammalia - Ungulata
Dremotherium quercyi Filhol 1887
Blondel 1997
Dremotherium guthi Jehenne 1987
Blondel 1997
Mammalia - Hyaenodonta - Hyaenodontidae
Hyaenodon leptorhynchus Laizer and Parieu 1838
Peigné et al. 2014
see common names

Geography
Country:France State/province:Quercy
Coordinates: 44.8° North, 2.7° East (view map)
Paleocoordinates:44.5° North, 0.0° East
Basis of coordinate:based on political unit
Geographic resolution:local area
Time
Period:Paleogene Epoch:Oligocene
Stage:Chattian 10 m.y. bin:Cenozoic 4
Key time interval:MP 28 Mammal zone: MP 28
Age range of interval:28.40000 - 23.03000 m.y. ago
Stratigraphy
Stratigraphic resolution:bed
Stratigraphy comments: There are three levels in MP 28: Pech Desse is lower, Pech du Fraysse is middle, and Portal is upper. "The reference levels mark with mammals used for the biochronology in this work (MP) are those defined by the Mainz Conference (February 1987)."
Lithology and environment
Primary lithology: not reported
Lithology description: probably phosphorite
Environment:terrestrial indet.
Taphonomy
Modes of preservation:body
Size of fossils:macrofossils
Preservation of anatomical detail:good
Disassociated major elements:some
Disassociated minor elements:some
Collection methods and comments
Collection methods:field collection
Reason for describing collection:taxonomic analysis
Metadata
Also known as:Quercy; Pech-du-Fraysse
Database number:36712
Authorizer:J. Alroy, P. Holroyd, L. van den Hoek Ostende, P. Barrett, P. Mannion, J. Head Enterer:R. Whatley, P. Holroyd, L. van den Hoek Ostende, T. Cleary, P. Mannion, J. Head
Modifier:P. Mannion Research group:vertebrate
Created:2004-02-10 16:29:53 Last modified:2017-01-04 09:53:39
Access level:the public Released:2004-02-10 16:29:53
Creative Commons license:CC BY
Reference information

Primary reference:

9831.5% 36280J.-Y. Crochet. 1974. Les Insectivores des Phosphorites du Quercy. [Insectivores of the Quercy Phosphorites]. Palaeovertebrata, Montpellier 6(1-2):109-159 [J. Alroy/R. Whatley/L. van den Hoek Ostende]

Secondary references:

59248 M. Augé and D. Pouit. 2012. Presence of iguanid lizards in the European Oligocene Lazarus taxa and fossil abundance. Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France 183(6):653-660 [P. Barrett/T. Cleary]
59290 M. L. Augé. 2005. Evolution des lézards du Paléogène en Europe. Mémoires du Muséum national d'histoire naturelle 192:1-369 [P. Barrett/T. Cleary/T. Cleary]
59247 M. L. Auge and S. Hervet. 2009. Fossil lizards from the locality of Gannat (late Oligocene–early Miocene, France) and a revision of the genus Pseudeumeces (Squamata, Lacertidae). Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments 89:191-201 [P. Barrett/T. Cleary]
61216 C. Blondel. 1997. Les ruminants de Pech Desse et de Pech du Fraysse (Quercy; MP28); évolution des ruminants de l'oligocène d'Europe. Geobios 30(4):573-591 [P. Mannion/P. Mannion]
60047 F. Broin. 1977. Contribution a l'etude des Cheloniens. Cheloniens continentaux due Cretace et du Tertiare de France. Memoires du Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Nouvelle Serie, Serie C, Sciences de la terre 38:1-366 [P. Holroyd/P. Holroyd/P. Holroyd]
98305% 17580B. Comte and M. Vianey-Liaud. 1989. Eomyidae (Rodentia) de l'Oligocene d'Europe Occidentale. [Eomyidae (Rodentia) from the Oligocene of Western Europe.]. Palaeontographica Abteilung A 209(1-4):33-91 [J. Alroy/R. Whatley/J. Alroy]
19601 J.-Y. Crochet. 1995. Le Garouillas et les sites contemporains (Oligocene, MP 25) des phosphorites du Quercy (Lot, Tarn-et garonne, France) et leurs faunes de vertebres. 4. Marsupiaux et insectivores. Palaeontographica Abteilung A 236(1-6):39-75 [L. van den Hoek Ostende/L. van den Hoek Ostende]
61351 J.-Y. Crochet, L. Hautier, and T. Lehmann. 2015. A pangolin (Manidae, Pholidota, Mammalia) from the French Quercy phosphorites (Pech du Fraysse, Saint-Projet, Tarn-et-Garonne, late Oligocene, MP 28). Palaeovertebrata 39(2):e4:1-8 [P. Mannion/P. Mannion]
61312 L. de Bonis. 2011. A new species of Adelpharctos (Mammalia, Carnivora, Ursidae) from the late Oligocene of the “Phosphorites du Quercy” (France). Estudios Geológicos 67(2):179-186 [P. Mannion/P. Mannion]
61353 L. de Bonis. 2013. Ursidae (Mammalia, Carnivora) from the Late Oligocene of the “Phosphorites du Quercy” (France) and a reappraisal of the genus Cephalogale Geoffroy, 1862. Geodiversitas 35(4):787-814 [P. Mannion/P. Mannion]
61349 L. de Bonis. 2015. Revival of a species of the rare European Oligocene amphicyonid Goupilictis Ginsburg, 1969 (Mammalia, Carnivora, Amphicyonidae). Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 35(5):e969401:1-5 [P. Mannion/P. Mannion]
61205 D. Kälin. 2013. A new Oligocene (MP 24) mammal fauna (Dürrenberg, Canton Jura, NW Switzerland) from the eastern slope of the ‘‘Rauracian depression’’. Swiss Journal of Geosciences 106:207-218 [P. Mannion/P. Mannion]
61217 S. Peigné and L. de Bonis. 1999. The genus Stenoplesictis Filhol (Mammalia, Carnivora) from the Oligocene deposits of the Phosphorites of Quercy, France. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 19(3):566-575 [P. Mannion/P. Mannion/P. Mannion]
54680 S. Peigné, M. Vianey-Liaud, T. Pélissié and B. Sigé. 2014. Valbro : un nouveau site à vertébrés de l’Oligocène inférieur (MP22) de France (Quercy). I – Contexte géologique ; Mammalia : Rodentia, Hyaenodontida, Carnivora [Valbro: A new site of vertebrates from the early Oligocene (MP22) of France (Quercy). I – Geological context; Mammalia: Rodentia, Hyaenodontida, Carnivora]. Annales de Paléontologie 100(1):1-45 [J. Mueller/T. Liebrecht/P. Mannion]
16854 J.-C. Rage. 1974. Les Serpents des Phosphorites du Quercy. Palaeovertebrata 6:274-303 [J. Head/J. Head]
61215 J. W. F. Reumer. 1994. The insectivorous mammals (Marsupialia: Didelphidae; Insectivora: Nyctitheriidae; Chiroptera) from the early Oligocene of Balm, Switzerland. Eclogae Geologicae Helvetiae 87(3):1029-1035 [P. Mannion/P. Mannion]
61489 N. Schmidt-Kittler and M. Vianey-Liaud. 1979. Evolution des Aplodontidae Oligocènes Européens. Palaeovertebrata 9(2):33-82 [P. Mannion/P. Mannion]
16853 Z. Szyndlar and J.-C. Rage. 2003. Non-erycine Booidea from the Oligocene and Miocene of Europe. 1-109 [J. Head/J. Head]
61558 M. Vianey-Liaud. 1972. Contribution à l'étude des Cricétidés oligocènes d'Europe occidentale. Palaeovertebrata 5:1-44 [P. Mannion/P. Mannion]
98895% 19060M. Vianey-Liaud. 1991. Les rongeurs de l'Eocène terminal et de l'Oligocène d'Europe comme indicateurs de leur environnement. [Upper Eocene and Oligocene rodents from Europe as indicators of their environment.]. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 85(1991):15-28 [J. Alroy/R. Whatley/J. Alroy]
61321 M. Vianey-Liaud. 2003. Gliridae (Mammalia, Rodentia) de l’Oligocène européen: origine de trois genres miocènes. Coloquios de Paleontología 1:669-698 [P. Mannion/P. Mannion]
62503 R. Ziegler. 2012. Moles (Talpidae, Mammalia) from Early Oligocene karstic fissure fillings in South Germany. Geobios 45:501-513 [P. Mannion/P. Mannion]