Ashley River (Miocene Marl): Miocene, South Carolina
collected by Bowman

List of taxa
Where & when
Geology
Taphonomy & methods
Metadata & references
Taxonomic list
Chondrichthyes - Odontaspidida - Isuridae
Oxyrhina praecursor Leriche 1942
Leriche 1942
Chondrichthyes - Odontaspidida - Carcharodontidae
Oxyrhina hastalis Agassiz 1843
Leriche 1942
recombined as Cosmopolitodus hastalis
Chondrichthyes - Rhinopristiformes - Pristidae
Pristis ensidens Leidy 1855
Leriche 1942
Chondrichthyes - Myliobatiformes - Myliobatidae
Myliobatis gigas Cope 1868
Leriche 1942
Myliobatis magister (Leidy 1876)
Leriche 1942
Rhinoptera dubia (Leidy 1855)
Leriche 1942
recombined as Rhinoptera dubius
Chondrichthyes - Lamniformes - Otodontidae
Carcharodon megalodon (Agassiz 1843)
Leriche 1942
recombined as Otodus megalodon
Carcharodon angustidens Agassiz 1843
Leriche 1942
recombined as Otodus (Carcharocles) angustidens
Chondrichthyes - Lamniformes - Lamnidae
Oxyrhina retroflexa Agassiz 1843
Leriche 1942
recombined as Isurus retroflexus
Alopecias grandis Leriche 1942
Leriche 1942
Chondrichthyes - Carchariniformes - Carcharhinidae
Prionodon egertoni (Agassiz 1843)
Leriche 1942
Galeocerdo aduncus Agassiz 1843
Leriche 1942
Chondrichthyes - Carchariniformes - Sphyrnidae
Sphyrna americana n. sp. Leriche 1942
Leriche 1942
Chondrichthyes - Carchariniformes - Hemigaleidae
Hemipristis serra Agassiz 1843
Leriche 1942
synonym of Hemipristis heteropleurus
Chondrichthyes - Orectolobiformes - Orectolobidae
Gryphodobatis uncus Leidy 1877
Leriche 1942
Chondrichthyes - Orectolobiformes - Ginglymostomatidae
Ginglymostoma serra (Leidy 1877)
Leriche 1942
recombined as Nebrius serra
Chondrichthyes - Squalomorphii - Hexanchidae
Notidanus primigenius Agassiz 1843
Leriche 1942
recombined as Notorhynchus primigenius
unclassified
Cyclotomodon vagrans n. gen., n. sp. Cope 1876
Cope 1876 1 specimen
Actinopteri - Labriformes - Labridae
Labrodon carolinensis (Leidy 1856)
Leriche 1942
Actinopteri - Tetraodontiformes - Diodontidae
Diodon vetus Leidy 1855
Leriche 1942
Actinopteri - Crossognathiformes - Pachyrhizodontidae
Conosaurus bowmani n. gen., n. sp. Gibbes 1851
4 specimens
Reptilia - Testudines - Trionychidae
Leidy 1877
I have repeatedly seen small fragments of the bony shell of species of Trionyx, from the Ashley deposits, but too small to determine from them any important specific character
Reptilia - Testudines
Eupachemys obtusus n. gen., n. sp. Leidy 1877
Leidy 1877
nomen dubium belonging to Testudinoidea
Prof. Holmes has submitted to my examination a specimen, probably pertaining to the same species as the latter, from the Ashley River, in the vicinity of Charles- ton. It consists of a marginal bone, represented in figures 4, 5, PI. xxxiv., half the natural size
Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Pelagornithidae
? Palaeochenoides mioceanus
Hopson 1964
synonym of Pelagornis
Mammalia - Carnivora
Phoca modesta n. sp. Leidy 1869
Leidy 1869
nomen dubium belonging to Pinnipedia
Mammalia - Ungulata - Entelodontidae
Dinohyus mento n. sp. Allen 1926
Allen 1926 1 specimen
    = Entelodontidae indet. Lydekker 1883
Alroy 2002
Mammalia - Cetacea
Squalodon pelagius n. sp. Leidy 1869
Leidy 1869
nomen dubium belonging to Odontoceti
Mammalia - Cetacea - Eurhinodelphinidae
Ceterhinops longifrons n. gen., n. sp. Leidy 1877
Leidy 1877 1 specimen
Sanders (2002) asserts that this specimen is from the Pliocene Goose Creek Limestone, but this seems unlikely.
Mammalia - Cetacea - Ziphiidae
Proroziphius macrops n. sp. Leidy 1876
Leidy 1876
recombined as Choneziphius macrops
Mammalia - Cetacea
Dinoziphius carolinensis n. sp. Leidy 1877
Leidy 1877
nomen dubium belonging to Odontoceti
Phoca debilis n. sp. Leidy 1857
Leidy 1857
nomen dubium belonging to Odontoceti
Squalodon crassus n. sp. Allen 1926
Allen 1926 1 specimen
nomen dubium belonging to Odontoceti
see common names

Geography
Country:United States State/province:South Carolina County:Dorchester
Coordinates: 33.1° North, 80.4° West (view map)
Paleocoordinates:33.4° North, 77.5° West
Basis of coordinate:based on political unit
Geographic resolution:outcrop
Time
Period:Neogene Epoch:Miocene
*Period:Tertiary
Key time interval:Miocene
Age range of interval:23.03000 - 5.33300 m.y. ago
* legacy (obsolete) database fields
Stratigraphy
Lithology and environment
Primary lithology: marl
Includes fossils?Y
Environment:marine indet.
Taphonomy
Modes of preservation:body
Size of fossils:macrofossils,mesofossils
Collection methods and comments
Collection methods:surface (float),surface (in situ),field collection
Reason for describing collection:general faunal/floral analysis
Collectors:Bowman
Taxonomic list comments:although only this specimen is specifically assigned to the Miocene marl, other parts of the fauna including Gomphotherium and Teleoceras may belong to it
Metadata
Database number:18506
Authorizer:J. Alroy, E. Vlachos, M. Carrano, M. Uhen Enterer:J. Alroy, E. Vlachos, M. Carrano, M. Uhen
Modifier:M. Uhen Research group:vertebrate
Created:2002-05-15 00:00:00 Last modified:2019-12-10 13:43:05
Access level:the public Released:2002-05-15 00:00:00
Creative Commons license:CC BY
Reference information

Primary reference:

69852. R. W. Gibbes. 1851. Memoir on Mosasaurus and the three allied new genera, Holcodus, Conosaurus, and Amphorosteus. Smithsonian Contributions to Knowledge 2(5):1-13 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano]

Secondary references:

71195 L. B. Albright, A. E. Sanders, R. E. Weems, D. J. Cicimurri, and J. L. Knight. 2019. Cenozoic vertebrate biostratigraphy of South Carolina, U.S.A. and additions to the fauna. Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History 57(2):77-236 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]
946 G. M. Allen. 1926. Fossil mammals from South Carolina. Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology 67(14):447-467 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/M. Uhen]
6294 J. Alroy. 2002. Synonymies and reidentifications of North American fossil mammals. [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/M. Uhen]
48953 E. Cope. 1876. On a new genus of fossil fishes. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 28:113 [M. Uhen/H. Reyes]
40256 J. A. Hopson. 1964. Pseudodontornis and other large marine birds form the Miocene of South Carolina. Postilla 83:1-19 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]
13402 M. Kretzoi. 1941. Sirenavus hungaricus N. G. N. Sp., ein Neuer Prorastomide aus dem Mitteleozan (Lutetium) von Felsogallia in Ungarn. Annales Musei Nationalis Hungaricic Pars Mineralogica, Geologica et Palaeontologica 34:146-156 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen/M. Uhen]
42707 J. Leidy. 1855. Indications of five species, with two new genera, of extinct Fishes. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 7:414 [M. Clapham/P. Vazquez]
15361 J. Leidy. 1856. Remarks on vertebrate fossils from the phosphate beds of South Carolina. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 1876:114-115 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]
15080 J. Leidy. 1857. Notice of remains of two species of seals. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences 8:265-265 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen/M. Uhen]
53136 J. Leidy. 1868. Remarks on Conosaurus of Gibbes. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 1868:200-202 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano/M. Carrano]
12636 J. Leidy. 1869. The extinct mammalian fauna of Dakota and Nebraska, including an account of some allied forms from other localities, together with a synopsis of the mammalian remains of North America. Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences, Philadelphia 2:1-472 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen/M. Uhen]
15546 J. Leidy. 1876. Remarks on fossils of the Ashley Phosphate Beds. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 1876:114-115 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]
12638 J. Leidy. 1876. Remarks on fossils from the Ashley Phosphate Beds. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 1876:80-81 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen/M. Uhen]
12124 J. Leidy. 1877. Description of vertebrate remains, chiefly from the phosphate beds of South Carolina. Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 8:209-260 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen/M. Uhen]
28099 M. Leriche. 1942. Contribution a l'etude des faunes ichthyologiques marines des terrains tertiaires de la plaine cotiere Atlantique et du centre des Etats-Unis. Memoires de la Societe Geologique de France (Nouvelle Serie) 45:1-111 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]
16588 G. G. Simpson. 1932. Fossil Sirenia of Florida and the evolution of the Sirenia. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 59(8):419-503 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]