G. Theodorou et al. 2003

Full reference
G. Theodorou, A. Athanassiou, S. Roussiakis and G. Iliopoulos. 2003. Preliminary remarks on the Late Miocene herbivores of Kerassiá (Northern Euboea, Greece). In J.W.F. Reumer, W. Wessels (eds.), Deinsea, Distribution and Migration of Tertiary Mammals in Eurasia. A volume in honour of Hans de Bruijn 10:519-530 [E. Vlachos/E. Vlachos]
Metadata
ID number:  66526
Created:  2018-08-08 12:08:27
Publication type:  journal article
Taxonomy:  stated with evidence
Language:  English
Comments: Recent systematic excavations are in progress near the village Kerassiá in Northern Euboea. Since 1992, when the first excavations were carried out by the University of Athens (Department of Historical Geology and Palaeontology), a number of fossiliferous sites have been discovered in the area of Kerassiá. In the present report we discuss the available results, mainly concerning the three richest sites until now, Kerassiá 1 (K1), Kerassiá 3 (K3) and Kerassiá 4 (K4). The fauna is characterised by the relative scarcity of the hipparions and especially of bovids. Though the presence of these taxa is significant, there are fewer specimens than usually in the Greek Late Miocene localities. The bovids are represented mainly by dental material making their identification doubtful. Most of the Giraffidae are referred to Helladotherium. The rhinocerotid findings include some very rare and impressive specimens (complete skulls and mandibles), but the postcranial material is scanty. A complete skull with articulated mandible from the K4 site is attributable to a new aceratheriine species. Another complete, but juvenile, skull from K3 has all the morphological characters of Ceratotherium neumayri, while a complete mandible from K4 is referred to ‘Dicerorhinus’ cf. pikermiensis. The available carnivore material is discussed separately in this volume. The fauna suggests a fairly open environment, as the forest elements (suids, cervids, etc.) are rare or absent. The geological correlation, the sedimentological and taphonomic studies of the Kerassiá sites are still in progress. However, according to the available data the K3 and K4 are plausibly isochronous, as they seem to belong to the same stratigraphic level; the K1 is stratigraphically younger. The locality is of great taphonomic interest, as the material has signs of sorting.
Taxonomic opinions (19) - view classification
'Ancylotherium belongs to Chalicotheriidae' according to G. Theodorou et al. 2003
'Atelodus neumayri is recombined as Ceratotherium neumayri' according to G. Theodorou et al. 2003
'Bohlinia belongs to Giraffidae' according to G. Theodorou et al. 2003
'Ceratotherium belongs to Rhinocerotidae' according to G. Theodorou et al. 2003
'Choerolophodon belongs to Proboscidea' according to G. Theodorou et al. 2003
'Dorcatherium belongs to Bovidae' according to G. Theodorou et al. 2003
'Gazella belongs to Bovidae' according to G. Theodorou et al. 2003
'Helladotherium duvernoyi belongs to Helladotherium' according to Gaudry and Lartet 1856
'Helladotherium belongs to Giraffidae' according to G. Theodorou et al. 2003
'Hipparion belongs to Equidae' according to G. Theodorou et al. 2003
'Mastodon longirostris is recombined as Tetralophodon longirostris' according to G. Theodorou et al. 2003
'Microstonyx belongs to Suidae' according to G. Theodorou et al. 2003
'Orycteropodidae belongs to Tubulidentata' according to G. Theodorou et al. 2003
'Orycteropus belongs to Orycteropodidae' according to G. Theodorou et al. 2003
'Palaeotragus belongs to Giraffidae' according to G. Theodorou et al. 2003
'Suidae belongs to Artiodactyla' according to G. Theodorou et al. 2003
'Sus major is recombined as Microstonyx major' according to G. Theodorou et al. 2003
'Tragoportax amalthea belongs to Tragoportax' according to Roth and Wagner 1854
'Tragoportax belongs to Bovidae' according to G. Theodorou et al. 2003