Cenozoic Subepochs

The interval definitions in this timescale are derived from the following sources:

  • W. B. Harland, R. L. Armstrong, A. V. Cox, L. E. Craig, A. G. Smith and D. G. Smith. 1990. A Geologic Time Scale 1989. view
  • F. M. Gradstein, J. G. Ogg, and A. G. Smith. 2004. A Geologic Time Scale 2004 1-589 view
  • F. F. Steininger, W. A. Berggren, D. V. Kent, R. L. Bernor, S. Sen and J. Agusti. 1996. Circum-Mediterranean Neogene (Miocene and Pliocene) marine-continental chronologic correlations of European mammal units. The Evolution of Western Eurasian Neogene Mammal Faunas (eds. R. L. Bernor, V. Fahlbusch, and H.-W. Mittmann) view

There are 13 timescales which overlap this one. show

Interval boundaries marked with * have been interpolated based on the differences between the ages for international timescale boundaries quoted in the source and the currently accepted ages for those boundaries.

This timescale is used in the definition of 13285 collections

Show more time

Show linear time

International Chronostratigraphic TimescaleCenozoic SubepochsEuropean Faunal Units
QuaternaryPleistoceneLate PleistoceneLate Pleistocene0.0117
ChibanianMiddle Pleistocene0.129
CalabrianEarly Pleistocene0.774
NeogenePliocenePiacenzianLate PlioceneVillanyian2.58
Ruscinian3.1 *
ZancleanEarly Pliocene3.6
MioceneMessinianLate MioceneTurolian5.333
SerravallianMiddle MioceneAstaracian11.63
BurdigalianEarly MioceneOrleanian15.98
PaleogeneOligoceneChattianLate Oligocene23.03
RupelianEarly Oligocene27.82
EocenePriabonianLate Eocene33.9
BartonianMiddle Eocene37.71
YpresianEarly Eocene47.8
PaleoceneThanetianLate Paleocene56
SelandianMiddle Paleocene59.2
DanianEarly Paleocene61.6