Cenozoic Subepochs

The interval definitions in this timescale are derived from the following sources:

  • W. B. Harland, R. L. Armstrong, A. V. Cox, L. E. Craig, A. G. Smith and D. G. Smith. 1990. A Geologic Time Scale 1989. view
  • F. M. Gradstein, J. G. Ogg, and A. G. Smith. 2004. A Geologic Time Scale 2004 1-589 view
  • J. Meng and M. C. McKenna. 1998. Faunal turnovers of Paleogene mammals from the Mongolian Plateau. Nature 394:364-367 view

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This timescale is used in the definition of 13285 collections

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International Chronostratigraphic TimescaleCenozoic SubepochsPaleogene Mammal Ages of Asia
QuaternaryPleistoceneLate PleistoceneLate Pleistocene0.0117
ChibanianMiddle Pleistocene0.129
CalabrianEarly Pleistocene0.774
NeogenePliocenePiacenzianLate Pliocene2.58
ZancleanEarly Pliocene3.6
MioceneMessinianLate Miocene5.333
SerravallianMiddle Miocene11.63
BurdigalianEarly Miocene15.98
PaleogeneOligoceneChattianLate OligoceneTabenbulakianHsandagolian23.03
RupelianEarly OligoceneKekeamuan27.82
EocenePriabonianLate EoceneHouldjinian/Ergilian/Ulangochuian33.9
BartonianMiddle EoceneSharamurunian/Irdinmanhan/Arshantan37.71
YpresianEarly EoceneBumbanian47.8
PaleoceneThanetianLate PaleoceneGashatan56
SelandianMiddle Paleocene59.2
DanianEarly Paleocene61.6