Osztramos locality 1/c (Pliocene of Hungary)

Where: North Hungary, Hungary (48.5° N, 20.8° E: paleocoordinates 48.4° N, 20.7° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Early/Lower Pliocene (5.3 - 3.6 Ma)

• "Based on micromammals, the age of the fauna may be defined as Lower Pliocene (MN 14) (KORDOS 1994; FEJFAR et al. 1998)" (Venczel, 2001).

Environment/lithology: fissure fill; calcareous breccia and limestone

• The fossil locality is a "bone pocket" within a fissure fill of Middle Triassic limestone. The fossil bearing sediments are described as "brecciated".

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collected in 1970-1972

Collection methods: acetic,

• " [...] the excavation of the entire material took place between 1970-1972 (JÁNOSSY & KORDOS 1977). [...] The entire material is deposited in the Hungarian Natural History Museum [HNHM] in Budapest" (Venczel, 2001).

Primary reference: M. Venczel. 2001. Anurans and squamates from the Lower Pliocene (MN 14) Osztramos 1 locality (Northern Hungary). Fragmenta Palaeontologica Hungarica 19:79-90 [J. Mueller/T. Liebrecht]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 136067: authorized by Johannes Mueller, entered by Torsten Liebrecht on 16.11.2012

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Osteichthyes
 Salientia - Pelobatidae
Eopelobates sp. Parker 1929 spadefoot toad
1 fragm. maxilla, 4 vertebrae, 6 longbones (HNHM No.V.99.6)
 Salientia -
Latonia gigantea Lartet 1851 frog
3 skull bones, 1vertebra, 1 scapula, 3 longbones (HNHM No.V.99.2)
 Salientia - Ranidae
Rana sp. Linnaeus 1758 frog
1 premaxilla, 1 scapula, 2 vertebrae + 1 urostyle, 7 ilia (HNHM No.V.99.13)
 Salientia - Bufonidae
Bufo bufo toad
2 vertebrae, 1 scapula, 7 longbones (HNHM No.V.99.8)
Bufo viridis Laurenti 1768 European green toad
2 fragmentary skulls, 1 urostyle, 1 ilium (HNHM No.V.99.11)
 Salientia - Discoglossidae
Bombina sp. Oken 1816 fire-bellied toad
2 ilia (HNHM No.V.99.3)
Reptilia
 Squamata - Lacertidae
Lacerta sp. Linnaeus 1758 lizard
2 skull bones, 10 dentaries, 4 vertebrae (HNHM No.V.99.17)
 Squamata - Anguidae
Pseudopus pannonicus Kormos 1911 legless lizard
1 osteoderm, 1 frontal, 1 caudal vertebra (HNHM No.V.99.21)
Anguis fragilis Linneaus 1758 Slow worm
1 dentary, 9 vertebrae (HNHM No.V.99.19)
 Squamata - Viperidae
"Vipera cf. ammodytes" = Vipera (Vipera) ammodytes
"Vipera cf. ammodytes" = Vipera (Vipera) ammodytes Linnaeus 1758 sand viper
10 vertebrae (HNHM No.V.99.39)
 Squamata - Colubridae
Elaphe sp. Wagler 1833 colubrid snake
2 vertebrae (HNHM No.V.99.33)
Elaphe praelongissima Venczel 1994 colubrid snake
2 skull bones, 16 vertebrae (HNHM No.V.99.32)
Elaphe kormosi Bolkay 1913 colubrid snake
1 supraoccipital, 10 vertebrae (HNHM No.V.99.30)
Coluber hungaricus Bolkay 1913 racer
13 vertebrae (HNHM No.V.99.25)
Coronella cf. austriaca Laurenti 1768 smooth snake
8 vertebrae (HNHM No.V.99.28)
Natrix longivertebrata Szyndlar 1984 water snake
4 skull bones, 8 vertebrae (HNHM No.V.99.43)