Victoria Fossil Cave, Grant Hall (Pleistocene to of Australia)

Also known as White Chamber, Victoria Cave, 5U1; Naracoorte Caves World Heritage Area

Where: South Australia, Australia (37.0° S, 140.8° E: paleocoordinates 37.0° S, 140.8° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

When: Middle Pleistocene to Middle Pleistocene (0.8 - 0.0 Ma)

• The absolute age is said to have been obtained from “several levels of speleothems” associated with the fossiliferous deposits by means of “Uranium series” (Reed & Bourne, 2000) without any further specification of the decay product.

Environment/lithology: cave; poorly lithified siltstone

• not cited but lithology is probably very similar to that of the sediment in the Main Chamber of the cave (see coll. no. 28364).

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collected by CEGSA, SAM, FU

• material is housed in the Flinders University, Adelaide, vertebrate paleontology collection

Primary reference: E. H. Reed and S. J. Bourne. 2000. Pleistocene fossil vertebrate sites of the South East region of South Australia. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia 124(2):61-90 [J. Mueller/T. Liebrecht/T. Liebrecht]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 136075: authorized by John Alroy, entered by Albert Garcia Selles on 16.11.2012, edited by Torsten Liebrecht

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• Technical note: The taxonomic list originally only contained sthenurine kangaroo taxa from the monography of Prideaux (2004). These occurences have been transferred to PBDB coll. no 28364 due to redundance. Prideaux (2004) does not differentiate between sublocalities in the cave and the type locality of Simosthenurus maddocki very likely is the main chamber. Also, Reed & Bourne (2000) cite the same kangaroo taxa for the main chamber as Prideaux (2004) does for the whole(?) Victoria Fossil Cave. The kangaroo occurences now listed here are based on Reed & Bourne (2000).
Aves
  -
Aves indet. Linnaeus 1758 bird
Reptilia
 Squamata - Varanidae
Varanus sp. Merrem 1820 monitor lizard
 Squamata - Agamidae
Agamidae indet. Gray 1827 lizard
 Squamata - Madtsoiidae
Wonambi naracoortensis Smith 1976 snake
 Squamata - Colubridae
"Elapidae indet." = Elapinae
"Elapidae indet." = Elapinae Boié 1827 colubrid snake
Mammalia
 Monotremata - Tachyglossidae
Tachyglossus aculeatus Shaw 1792 short-beaked echidna
 Rodentia - Muridae
 Rodentia -
Pseudomys apodemoides Australian mouse
Pseudomys australis Australian mouse
Pseudomys cf. gouldii Australian mouse
Pseudomys shortridgei Australian mouse
Pseudomys sp. Gray 1832 Australian mouse
 Diprotodontia - Phascolarctidae
Phascolarctos cinereus Goldfuss 1817 koala
 Diprotodontia - Vombatidae
Vombatus ursinus Shaw 1800 common wombat
 Diprotodontia - Macropodidae
Macropus sp. Shaw 1790 kangaroo
Macropus rufogriseus Desmarest 1817 red-necked wallaby
"Macropus giganteus" = Macropus (Macropus) giganteus Shaw 1790 eastern grey kangaroo
Wallabia bicolor Desmarest 1804 swamp wallaby
 Diprotodontia - Potoroinae
Bettongia penicillata Gray 1837 brush-tailed bettong
 Diprotodontia -
Simosthenurus brownei short-faced kangaroo
Simosthenurus gilli short-faced kangaroo
Simosthenurus newtonae short-faced kangaroo
 Diprotodontia - Diprotodontidae
Zygomaturus trilobus Macleay 1857 diprotodont marsupial
 Diprotodontia - Burramyidae
Cercartetus nanus Desmarest 1818 eastern pygmy possum
Cercartetus lepidus Thomas 1888 Tasmanian pygmy possum
 Diprotodontia - Thylacoleonidae
Thylacoleo carnifex Owen 1859 diprotodont marsupial
 Dasyuromorphia - Thylacinidae
Thylacinus cynocephalus Harris 1808 thylacine