Haystall Cave (Pleistocene of Australia)

Also known as 5U23

Where: South Australia, Australia (37.0° S, 140.9° E: paleocoordinates 37.7° S, 140.7° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Pleistocene (2.6 - 0.0 Ma)

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; poorly lithified, silty, sandy siliciclastic sediments

• karstic cave in Oligocene to Miocene limestones

•“slope and fan of a large sediment cone” (Reed & Bourne, 2000)

• not reported but probably quite similar to the “cave earth” in the Henschke and Vicotria caves

Size class: mesofossils

Collected by W. Rouse, M. R. Wallis, N. Pledge, N. Callen in the 1960s

• South Australian Museum (SAM)

Primary reference: G. J. Prideaux. 2004. Systematics and evolution of the sthenurine kangaroos. In S. W. Awramik, A. Barnosky, J. A. Doyle, M. L. Droser, P. M. Sadler (eds.), UC Publications in Geological Sciences, University of California Press 146:1-623 [G. Prideaux/G. Gully/T. Liebrecht]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 136159: authorized by John Alroy, entered by Albert Garcia Selles on 20.11.2012, edited by Torsten Liebrecht

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Squamata - Madtsoiidae
Wonambi naracoortensis Smith 1976 snake
 Squamata - Scincidae
 Monotremata - Tachyglossidae
Tachyglossus aculeatus Shaw 1792 short-beaked echidna
 Rodentia - Muridae
Mastacomys fuscus broad-toothed rat
 Diprotodontia - Phascolarctidae
Phascolarctos sp. de Blainville 1816 koala
 Diprotodontia - Vombatidae
Vombatus ursinus Shaw 1800 common wombat
 Diprotodontia - Pseudocheiridae
Pseudocheirus peregrinus Boddaert 1785 common ringtail possum
 Diprotodontia - Macropodidae
"Procoptodon goliah" = Macropus goliah Owen 1874 kangaroo
Macropus rufogriseus Desmarest 1817 kangaroo
"Macropus giganteus" = Macropus (Macropus) giganteus Shaw 1790 eastern grey kangaroo
Wallabia bicolor Desmarest 1804 swamp wallaby
 Diprotodontia - Potoroinae
Aepyprymnus rufescens Gray 1837 rufous rat-kangaroo
Potorous platyops Gould 1844 potoroo
Potorous tridactylus Kerr 1792 long-nosed potoroo
 Diprotodontia -
Metasthenurus newtonae Prideaux 2000 short-faced kangaroo
Simosthenurus maddocki Wells and Murray 1979 short-faced kangaroo
Simosthenurus occidentalis Glauert 1910 short-faced kangaroo
Procoptodon gilli Merriless 1965 short-faced kangaroo
Procoptodon browneorum Merriless 1968 short-faced kangaroo
 Diprotodontia - Diprotodontidae
Zygomaturus trilobus Macleay 1857 diprotodont marsupial
 Diprotodontia - Burramyidae
Cercartetus nanus Desmarest 1818 eastern pygmy possum
 Diprotodontia - Thylacoleonidae
Thylacoleo carnifex Owen 1859 diprotodont marsupial
 Peramelemorphia - Peramelidae
Isoodon obesulus Shaw 1797 short-nosed bandicoot
Perameles gunnii Gray 1838 eastern barred bandicoot
 Dasyuromorphia - Dasyuridae
Sarcophilus liniarius Tasmanian devil
Dasyurus viverrinus Shaw 1800 eastern quoll
Antechinus sp. Macleay 1841 antechinus
 Dasyuromorphia - Thylacinidae
Thylacinus cynocephalus Harris 1808 thylacine