Punta Nati, Site 12 (Pliocene of Spain)

Also known as Menorca, Minorca

Where: Balearic Islands, Spain (40.1° N, 3.8° E: paleocoordinates 40.4° N, 3.3° E)

• coordinate stated in text

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Pliocene (5.3 - 2.6 Ma)

• The few evidence availabe points to an age between Upper Miocene and Pleistocene, i.e., most likely, Pliocene (Bailon et al., 2002).

Environment/lithology: karst; poorly lithified, pebbly, quartzose, red, calcareous mudstone

• Punta Nati 12 is characterized through quite thin layers mainly consisting of small bones, with intercalations of red silt containing large bones of a lagomorph.

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collection methods: At least the type material of Vipera natiensis is housed in the Institut Miquel-Crusafont, Sabadell, Spain.

Primary reference: S. Bailon, J. Garcia-Porta, and J. Quintana-Cardona. 2002. Première découverte de Viperidae (Reptilia, Serpentes) dans les îles Baléares (Espagne): des vipères du Néogène de Minorque. Description d’une nouvelle espèce du Pliocène [The first record of viperid snakes (Reptilia, Serpentes) from the Balearic Islands (Spain): fossils from the Neogene, with description of a new species from the Pliocene] . Comptes Rendus Palevol 1(4):227-234 [J. Mueller/T. Liebrecht/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 136229: authorized by Johannes Mueller, entered by Torsten Liebrecht on 23.11.2012

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• Fauna contains also several reptile and bird taxa, as well as a large lagomorph.
Osteichthyes
 Salientia - Discoglossidae
Discoglossidae sp. Günther 1859 painted frog
most common taxon
Reptilia
 Squamata - Viperidae
Vipera sp. Laurenti 1768 viper
single incomplete vertebra
Vipera natiensis n. sp. Bailon et al. 2002 viper
34 vertebrae (Nati-12 no. 1357 to 1389; holotype is 1362)