Catatumbo Basin III (Eocene of Colombia)

Where: Norte de Santander, Colombia (9.0° N, 73.0° W: paleocoordinates 6.5° N, 64.5° W)

• coordinate stated in text

• basin-level geographic resolution

When: III pollen zone, Middle Eocene (48.6 - 37.2 Ma)

• The base of the Mirador is drawn at the level where the sandstones of the formation rest on the claystones or siltstones of the Los Cuervos. The contact is easily recognized and is, at least locally, unconformable. The Mirador/Los Cuervos contact represents a major change in sedimentation for the region, as it marks the appearance, at higher levels than the Uribante, of abundant, coarse, 'clean' sandstones give way to grey, micaceous, and in part sandy, shales which form the lowermost sediments of the overlying Carbonera Formation.

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: fluvial-deltaic; lithified, massive, fine-grained, coarse, conglomeratic sandstone and lithified, lenticular, brown, argillaceous shale

• The Mirador Formation is predominantly composed of sandstones. These are pale buff to white, characteristically pure, massive, moderately hard to friable, fine- to coarse-grained, and in part conglomeratic. It contains some thin beds of grey and brownish-grey micaceous shale. An interval of shale and sandy shale with a little sandstone commonly occurs 40 to 75 meters below the upper level of the formation and ranges between 10 and 70 meters in thickness. The sandstones in the lower part of the formation tend to be more thinly bedded and less 'clean' than the bulk of the formation.

Size class: microfossils

• Pollen grain

Preservation: soft parts, original sporopollenin

Collection methods: From each coal or lignite layer several individual samples were analyzed, or the results of several samples were pooled.

Primary reference: A. E. González-Guzmán. 1967. A palynological study on the upper Los Cuervos and Mirador formations (Lower and middle Eocene; Tibu area, Colombia). 1-68 [C. Jaramillo/A. Cardenas /C. Jaramillo]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 136828: authorized by Carlos Jaramillo, entered by Andrés Cardenas on 05.12.2012

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Scabratriporites moderatus González-Guzmán 1967
Scabratriporites redundans González-Guzmán 1967
Heterocolpites paluster González-Guzmán 1967
Retitricolpites simplex González-Guzmán 1967
Retitricolpites adeptus González-Guzmán 1967
Retitricolpites absolutus n. sp. Jaramillo and Dilcher 2001
Retitricolpites maturus González-Guzmán 1967
Retitricolpites incisus González-Guzmán 1967
Retitricolpites maledictus González-Guzmán 1967
Retitricolpites adultus González-Guzmán 1967
Retitricolpites clarensis González-Guzmán 1967
Retitricolpites bonus González-Guzmán 1967
Retitricolpites conciliatus González-Guzmán 1967
Retitricolpites antonii González-Guzmán 1967
Retitricolpites constrictus González-Guzmán 1967
Retitricolpites perditus González-Guzmán 1967
Psilatricolporites operculatus
"Psilatricolporites operculatus" = Ranunculacidites operculatus
"Psilatricolporites operculatus" = Ranunculacidites operculatus Jaramillo and Dilcher 2001
Psilatricolpites operculatus medius and Psilatricolpites operculatus minutus
Psilatricolpites acerbus González-Guzmán 1967
Psilatricolpites simplex Jaramillo and Dilcher 2001
Psilatricolpites minutus González-Guzmán 1967
Foveotricolpites genuinus González-Guzmán 1967
Foveotricolpites pomarius Van der Hammen and Garcia de Mutis 1966
Retibrevitricolpites triangulatus
Retibrevitricolpites triangulatus van Hoeken-Klinkenberg 1966
Retibrevitricolpites catatumbus González-Guzmán 1967
Verrutricolpites irregularis González-Guzmán 1967
Verrutricolpites unicus González-Guzmán 1967
Psilamonocolpites medius
Psilamonocolpites medius Van der Hammen 1954
Retisyncolporites aureus
Retisyncolporites aureus González-Guzmán 1967
Retisyncolporites angularis
Retisyncolporites angularis González-Guzmán 1967
Retistephanocolpites minutus González-Guzmán 1967
Retistephanocolpites angeli
Retistephanocolpites angeli Leidelmeyer 1966
Psilastephanocolpites verrucosus González-Guzmán 1967
Psilastephanocolpites marginatus González-Guzmán 1967
Proxapertites operculatus
Proxapertites operculatus Van der Hammen 1956
Retitricolporites irregularis
"Retitricolporites irregularis" = Retitrescolpites irregularis
"Retitricolporites irregularis" = Retitrescolpites irregularis Jaramillo and Dilcher 2001
Retitricolpites saturum
"Retitricolpites saturum" = Retitrescolpites saturum
"Retitricolpites saturum" = Retitrescolpites saturum Jaramillo and Dilcher 2001
 Ephedrales - Ephedraceae
Ephedripites sp. Bolkhovitina and Potonié 1958 jointfir
Ephedripites vanegensis Van der Hammen and Garcia de Mutis 1966 jointfir
Retimonocolpites tertiarius González-Guzmán 1967
Retimonocolpites splendidus González-Guzmán 1967
Retimonocolpites bernardii González-Guzmán 1967
 Arecales -
Clavamonocolpites terrificus González-Guzmán 1967
 Arecales - Arecaceae
Racemonocolpites facilis González-Guzmán 1967
Racemonocolpites racematus Van der Hammen 1954
Racemonocolpites romanus González-Guzmán 1967
Mauritiidites franciscoi van Hoeken-Klinkenberg 1964
 Arecales -
Longapertites fossuloides González-Guzmán 1967
Longapertites proxapertitoides Van der Hammen and Garcia de Mutis 1966
Longapertites proxapertitoides proxapertitoides
Longapertites proxapertitoides Van der Hammen and Garcia de Mutis 1966
Longapertites proxapertitoides reticuloides
Longapertites brasiliensis González-Guzmán 1967
"Retimonocolpites regio" = Arecipites regio Jaramillo and Dilcher 2001
Monoporites annuloides González-Guzmán 1967
"Psilamonoletes tibui" = Laevigatosporites tibuensis
"Psilamonoletes tibui" = Laevigatosporites tibuensis Jaramillo and Dilcher 2001
 Schizaeales - Schizaeaceae
Cicatricosisporites dorogensis Potonie and Gelletich 1933
Psilatriletes guaduensis
Psilatriletes guaduensis Van der Hammen 1954
"Retitricolporites medius" = Siltaria media Jaramillo and Dilcher 2001
Ericipites annulatus González-Guzmán 1967
"Retitricolporites hispidus" = Rhoipites hispidus Jaramillo and Dilcher 2001
Brevitricolpites variabilis González-Guzmán 1967
Gemmatricolpites pulcher González-Guzmán 1967
Psilatricolporites normalis González-Guzmán 1967
"Retitricolpites florentinus" = Rousea florentina Jaramillo and Dilcher 2001
Gemmamonocolpites amicus González-Guzmán 1967
Gemmamonocolpites barbatus González-Guzmán 1967
Gemmamonocolpites ovatus González-Guzmán 1967
Echimonocolpites densus González-Guzmán 1967
Retitricolporites saskiae González-Guzmán 1967
Retitricolporites craceus González-Guzmán 1967
Retitricolporites finitus González-Guzmán 1967
Retitricolporites equatorialis González-Guzmán 1967
Retitricolporites marianis González-Guzmán 1967
 Fabales - Fabaceae
Spirosyncolpites clavatus González-Guzmán 1967
Spirosyncolpites spiralis González-Guzmán 1967
 Myrtales - Onagraceae
"Jussitriporites undulatus" = Corsinipollenites undulatus
"Jussitriporites undulatus" = Corsinipollenites undulatus Jaramillo and Dilcher 2001
 Proteales -
Retidiporites agilis González-Guzmán 1967
 Proteales - Proteaceae
Echitriporites trianguliformis van Hoeken-Klinkenberg 1964
 Solanales - Convolvulaceae
Perfotricolpites semistriatus González-Guzmán 1967
Perfotricolpites digitatus González-Guzmán 1967
Foveotriporites hammenii González-Guzmán 1967
Foveotricolporites marginatus González-Guzmán 1967
Foveotricolporites voluminosus González-Guzmán 1967
Striatricolporites agustinus González-Guzmán 1967
Gemmastephanoporites breviculus
Gemmastephanoporites breviculus González-Guzmán 1967
Gemmastephanoporites polymorphus
Gemmastephanoporites polymorphus González-Guzmán 1967
Scabratricolpites tibialis González-Guzmán 1967
Echinoidites problematicus
Echinoidites problematicus González-Guzmán 1967
Semitectotriporites gratus
Semitectotriporites gratus González-Guzmán 1967
Polotricolporites versabilis
Polotricolporites versabilis González-Guzmán 1967
Polotricolporites mocinnii
Polotricolporites mocinnii González-Guzmán 1967
Polotricolporites concretus
Polotricolporites concretus González-Guzmán 1967
Retitriporites dubiosus González-Guzmán 1967
Retitriporites federicii González-Guzmán 1967
Annutriporites iversenii
Annutriporites iversenii Gonzalez Guzman 1967
Echimorphomonocolpites gracilis
Echimorphomonocolpites gracilis González-Guzmán 1967
Echimorphomonocolpites solitarius
Echimorphomonocolpites solitarius González-Guzmán 1967
Plicapollis arcii González-Guzmán 1967
Classites capucinii
Classites capucinii González-Guzmán 1967
Psiladiporites redundantis González-Guzmán 1967
Papillamonocolpites splendens
Papillamonocolpites splendens González-Guzmán 1967
Longitrichotomocolpites triangularis
Longitrichotomocolpites triangularis González-Guzmán 1967
Clavainaperturites ? cordatus González-Guzmán 1967
Clavainaperturites clavatus
Clavainaperturites clavatus Van der Hammen and Wijmstra 1964
Retistephanocolporites festivus González-Guzmán 1967
Magnatriporites abstractus
Magnatriporites abstractus González-Guzmán 1967
Retiheterocolpites tertiarius
Retiheterocolpites tertiarius González-Guzmán 1967
Verrumonoletes usmensoides
Verrumonoletes usmensoides Van der Hammen 1956