Limestone quarry within or around Solothurn (Jurassic of Switzerland)

Where: Switzerland (47.2° N, 7.5° E: paleocoordinates 38.2° N, 16.4° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

• local area-level geographic resolution

When: Aulacostephanus pseudomutabilis ammonoid zone, Turtle Limestone Member (Reuchenette Formation), Late/Upper Kimmeridgian (155.7 - 150.8 Ma)

• Uppermost member

• formation-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: shallow subtidal; limestone

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: quarrying, mechanical, acetic,

• SM, Mineralogy-Geology Collection of the Solothurn Museum, Solothurn, Switzerland

Primary reference: E. S. Gaffney. 1975. Solnhofia parsonsi, a new cryptodiran turtle from the Late Jurassic of Europe. American Museum Novitates 2576:1-22 [R. Benson/R. Benson]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 137749: authorized by Roger Benson, entered by Roger Benson on 19.12.2012, edited by Jonathan Tennant and Evangelos Vlachos

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Reptilia
 Testudines - Thalassemydidae
Thalassemys bruntrutana7, "Thalassemys hugii n. gen." = Thalassemys hugii2, "Thalassemys gresslyi n. sp." = Thalassemys hugii2, "Eurysternum ignoratum n. sp." = Thalassemys hugii2
Thalassemys bruntrutana7 Puntener et al. 2015 turtle
NMS 9144 and NMS 37251
"Thalassemys hugii n. gen." = Thalassemys hugii2 Rütimeyer 1873 turtle
State Museum of Solothurn 1 (holotype), 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 20, 239, 417, 469, 593, 610
"Thalassemys gresslyi n. sp." = Thalassemys hugii2 Rütimeyer 1873 turtle
State Museum of Solothurn 12
"Eurysternum ignoratum n. sp." = Thalassemys hugii2 Rütimeyer 1873 turtle
State Museum of Solothurn 5 (holotype, figures as Thalassemys hugii by Rutimeyer [1873, plate 6, fig. 4]), 124 (figured as Plesiochelys langii by Rutimeyer [1873, plate 6, fig. 3]),412
 Testudines - Plesiochelyidae
Emys trionychoides n. sp.3, Emys jurensis n. sp.4, Emys hugii n. sp.3, "Plesiochelys langii n. sp." = Plesiochelys etalloni2, "Plesiochelys solodurensis n. sp." = Plesiochelys etalloni2, "Plesiochelys solodurensis" = Plesiochelys etalloni5, "Plesiochelys solodurensis" = Plesiochelys etalloni6, "Plesiochelys sanctaverenae n. sp." = Plesiochelys etalloni2, Emys hugi n. sp.3, cf. Tropidemys sp.2, "Tropidemys langi n. gen. n. sp." = Tropidemys langii2, "Tropidemys expansa" = Tropidemys langii2, "Tropidemys gibba" = Tropidemys langii2, "Craspedochelys plana n. sp." = Tropidemys langii1, "Craspedochelys picteti n. gen. n. sp." = Craspedochelys picteti2, "Craspedochelys crassa n. sp." = Craspedochelys picteti2
Emys trionychoides n. sp.3 Gray 1831 turtle
Emys jurensis n. sp.4 Keferstein 1834 turtle
Emys hugii n. sp.3 Gray 1831 turtle
"Plesiochelys langii n. sp." = Plesiochelys etalloni2 Pictet and Humbert 1857 turtle
NMS 123, a sub-complete carapace missing the right and posterior margins
"Plesiochelys solodurensis n. sp." = Plesiochelys etalloni2 Pictet and Humbert 1857 turtle
NMS 59, a distorted sub-complete shell
"Plesiochelys solodurensis" = Plesiochelys etalloni5 Pictet and Humbert 1857 turtle
SM 134, partially disarticulated skull, jaws, hyoid elements, and shell fragment. Cuvier (1824, p. 230, pl. 15, fig. 7) and Rutimeyer (1873, pl. 14, fig. 5) figured this skull. SM 135, a frontally sectioned skull. This specimen was figured by Rutimeyer (1873, pl. 14, figs. 3, 4) and Bram (1965, pl. 6, fig. 1). SM 136, a skull and jaws. Rutimeyer (1873, pl. 14, figs. 1, 2) and Bram (1965, pl. 6, fig. 2) illustrated this specimen. SM 594, a partial skull, partial shell, and appendicular material. The shell material is described by Bram (1965, p. 66)
"Plesiochelys solodurensis" = Plesiochelys etalloni6 Pictet and Humbert 1857 turtle
State Museum of Solothurn 62, 64, 111
"Plesiochelys sanctaverenae n. sp." = Plesiochelys etalloni2 Pictet and Humbert 1857 turtle
State Museum of Solothurn 118 (holotype), 122 (juvenile),
Emys hugi n. sp.3 Gray 1831 turtle
cf. Tropidemys sp.2 Rütimeyer 1873 turtle
State Museum of Solothurn Nr. 19 (plastron fragment)
"Tropidemys langi n. gen. n. sp." = Tropidemys langii2 Rütimeyer 1873 turtle
State Museum of Solothurn Nr. 16 (holotype), 22
"Tropidemys expansa" = Tropidemys langii2 Rütimeyer 1873 turtle
State Museum of Solothurn Nr. 32, 33, 132, 644, 710
"Tropidemys gibba" = Tropidemys langii2 Rütimeyer 1873 turtle
State Museum of Solothurn Nr. 38, 38a
"Craspedochelys plana n. sp." = Tropidemys langii1 Rütimeyer 1873 turtle
NMS 132, anterolateral (left) portion of a carapace
"Craspedochelys picteti n. gen. n. sp." = Craspedochelys picteti2 Rütimeyer 1873 turtle
State Museum of Solothurn 129 (holotype), 608, 696
"Craspedochelys crassa n. sp." = Craspedochelys picteti2 Rütimeyer 1873 turtle
State Museum of Solothurn 130 (holotype)
 Testudines - Eurysternidae
Solnhofia parsonsi Gaffney 1975 turtle
SM 137, a skull without lower jaws, mentioned by Bram (1965, pp. 186-187)
 Testudines - Platychelyidae
Platychelys oberndorferi2 Wagner 1853 turtle
five specimens in the State Museum of Solothurn; two specimens in the Natural history Museum at Basel; others in private collections
 Loricata -
"Steneosaurus bouchardi n. sp." = Machimosaurus hugii8
"Steneosaurus bouchardi n. sp." = Machimosaurus hugii8 Meyer 1837 marine crocodile
NMS 7029