Grube Messel pit (Karlsruhe collection) (Eocene of Germany)

Where: Hessen, Germany (49.9° N, 8.8° E: paleocoordinates 46.9° N, 4.8° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Messel Formation, MP 11 (48.6 - 40.4 Ma)

• lower Middle Eocene, lower-most Geiseltalian, Mammal Paleogene level 11

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: crater lake; lithified, carbonaceous claystone

• Oil shale

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Preservation: adpression

Collection methods: Repository: LNK (Landessammlungen fur Naturkunde Karlsruhe)

Primary reference: H. Lutz. 1986. Eine neue Unterfamilie der Formicidae (Insecta: Hymenoptera) aus dem mittel-eozänen Ölschiefer der "Grube Messel" bei Darmstadt (Deutschland, S-Hessen). Senckenbergiana Lethaea 67:177-218 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham/M. Clapham]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 138656: authorized by Matthew Clapham, entered by Matthew Clapham on 24.01.2013

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Dicondylia -
Phasmatodea indet. Jacobson and Bianchi 1902 stick insect
 Hymenoptera - Formicidae
"Formicium giganteum" = Titanomyrma gigantea, "Formicium simillimum" = Titanomyrma simillima
"Formicium giganteum" = Titanomyrma gigantea Lutz 1986 ant
"Formicium simillimum" = Titanomyrma simillima Lutz 1986 ant