Eckfeld Maar (NHMN 2000 collection) (Eocene of Germany)

Where: Eifel, Germany (50.1° N, 6.8° E: paleocoordinates 47.0° N, 2.9° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Eifel Formation, MP 13 (48.6 - 40.4 Ma)

• "MP 13... recently dated at 44.3 +/- 0.4 million years BP (Mertz et al. 2000)" (Franzen 2004). Insects come mostly from horizons near marker horizon HT & KaLH.

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: crater lake; siltstone and shale

• "a small freshwater [crater] lake a few hundred meters in diameter" (Franzen 2004)
• ...laminitic "oilshales" and siltstones... with frequent turbiditic intercalations... plant macrofossils are ... distributed throughout the sequence under investigation. ... coarse and robust plant debris such as wood fragments and large fruits/seeds is concentrated in the turbiditic layers. (Wilde and Frankenhauser 1998).

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Preservation: mold/impression, adpression, original carbon

Collected in 2000

Collection methods: quarrying, surface (in situ),

• Repository: Naturhistorisches Museum Mainz

Primary reference: G. M. Dlussky, T. Wappler, and S. Wedmann. 2009. Fossil ants of the genus Gesomyrmex Mayr (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) from the Eocene of Europe and remarks on the evolution of arboreal ant communities. Zootaxa 2031:1-20 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham/M. Clapham]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 138912: authorized by Matthew Clapham, entered by Matthew Clapham on 01.02.2013, edited by Jered Karr and Jenna Sandlin

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Insecta
 Hemiptera - Ricaniidae
Ricaniidae "indet. 1"5 Amyot and Audinet-Serville 1843 planthopper
NHMM PE2000/832, 833 a+b LS
Ricaniidae "indet. 2"5 Amyot and Audinet-Serville 1843 planthopper
NHMM PE2000/829 a+b, PE2000/830 LS
 Hemiptera - Fulgoridae
Lycorma sp.5 Koch 1882 fulgorid planthopper
NHMM PE2000/831 a+b LS
 Hemiptera -
Membracoidea indet.5 Rafinesque 1815 true bug
NHMM PE2000/836
Cercopoidea "indet. 1"5 Leach 1815 froghopper
NHMM PE2000/824, 825, 1983
Cercopoidea "indet. 2"5 Leach 1815 froghopper
NHMM PE2000/826, 827, 835, 1039, 1983
Cercopoidea "indet. 3"5 Leach 1815 froghopper
NHMM PE2000/828 a+b
 Hemiptera - Aradidae
Mezira eckfeldensis9 Wappler and Heiss 2006 flat bug
NHMM PE2000/1049, 1064
Mezira crassifemur n. sp.9 Wappler and Heiss 2006 flat bug
NHMM PE 2000/1048, 1050
 Hemiptera - Lygaeidae
Lygaeidae "indet. 1"5 Schilling 1829 milkweed bug
NHMM PE2000/1047 LS
Lygaeidae "indet. 2"5 Schilling 1829 milkweed bug
NHMM PE2000/1052 LS
 Hemiptera - Acanthosomatidae
Acanthosomatidae indet.5 Signoret 1864 shield bug
NHMM PE2000/1051 a+b
 Hemiptera - Pentatomidae
Pentatomidae "indet. 1"5 Leach 1815 stink bug
NHMM PE2000/1046 a+b
 Hemiptera - Gerridae
Gerris sp.6 Fabricius 1794 water strider
NHMM PE2000/2-LS
Lutetiabates eckfeldensis5 Wappler and Andersen 2004 water strider
NHMM PE2000/1, 542, 543, 823
 Dicondylia -
Blattaria indet.5 Latreille 1810 cockroach
NHMM PE2000/1067 a+b LS, PE2000/1066 a+b LS
 Blattodea - Blattoidae
Blattidae indet.5 Latreille 1810 cockroach
NHMM PE2000/1065 ab
 Blattodea - Ectobiidae
"Blattellidae "indet. 1"" = Blattellinae5, "Blattellidae "indet. 2"" = Blattellinae5
"Blattellidae "indet. 1"" = Blattellinae5 Karny 1908 cockroach
NHMM PE 2000/1070
"Blattellidae "indet. 2"" = Blattellinae5 Karny 1908 cockroach
NHMM PE 2000/1069, PE2000/1068
 Dermaptera -
Neodermaptera "indet. 2"8 Engel 2003 earwig
NHMM PE 2000/1062-LS
 Dermaptera - Forficulidae
Forficula kotejai n. sp.8 Wappler et al. 2005 common earwig
NHMM PE2000/1061 LS, PE2000/1063 a+b LS.
 Hymenoptera - Formicidae
Gesomyrmex flavescens n. sp. Dlussky et al. 2009 ant
PE2000/14
Oecophylla eckfeldiana n. sp.1 Dlussky et al. 2008 weaver ant
NHMM PE-2000/8, 1948, 1947, 1951, 9, 11, 12
 Hymenoptera - Apidae
Electrapis "sp.1"7 Cockerell 1908 bee
NHMM PE2000/853a,b LS
Electrapis "sp.2"7 Cockerell 1908 bee
NHMM PE2000/846a,b LS
Electrapis "sp.3"7 Cockerell 1908 bee
NHMM PE2000/849a,b LS
Electrapis electrapoides7 Lutz 1993 bee
PE2000/850 LS
Electrapis micheneri7 Wappler and Engel 2003 bee
NHMM PE2000/852a,b LS
Electrapis prolata7 Wappler and Engel 2003 bee
NHMM PE2000/847 LS, PE2000/848a,b LS
Protobombus "sp. 1"7 Cockerell 1908 bee
NHMM PE2000/851a,b LS
Protobombus pristinus7 Wappler and Engel 2003 bee
NHMM PE2000/863a,b LS
 Hymenoptera - Crabronidae
cf. Crabronidae indet.5 Latreille 1802 apoid wasp
NHMM PE2000/865
 Coleoptera - Dermestidae
Eckfeldattagenus eocenicus n. gen. n. sp.2 Háva and Wappler 2014 skin beetle
NHMM PE2000/995, 996, 997
 Coleoptera - Buprestidae
Buprestinae "indet. 1"5 Leach 1815 jewel beetle
NHMM PE2000/842
Buprestinae "indet. 2"5 Leach 1815 jewel beetle
NHMM PE2000/708, 698
Buprestinae "indet. 3"5 Leach 1815 jewel beetle
NHMM PE2000/692 a+b
Buprestinae "indet. 4"5 Leach 1815 jewel beetle
NHMM PE2000/665
Buprestis sp.5 Linnaeus 1758 jewel beetle
NHMM PE2000/1224, 1225, 691, 690, 689
"Coroebini "indet. 2"" = Coraebini5 Bedel 1921 jewel beetle
NHMM PE2000/662, 661
"Coroebini "indet. 3"" = Coraebini5 Bedel 1921 jewel beetle
NHMM PE2000/663
"Coroebini "indet. 5"" = Coraebini5 Bedel 1921 jewel beetle
NHMM PE2000/664
? Agrilini "indet. 1"5 Laporte 1835 jewel beetle
NHMM PE2000/668, 667
? Agrilini "indet. 2"5 Laporte 1835 jewel beetle
NHMM PE2000/666
Julodinae indet.5 Lacordaire 1857 jewel beetle
NHMM PE2000/839, 671
 Coleoptera - Throscidae
Throscidae indet.5 Laporte 1840 beetle
NHMM PE2000/353
 Coleoptera - Elateridae
Lanelater nicoleae n. sp.5 Wappler 2003 click beetle
NHMM PE2000/349 stratigraphischer Bereich 64 cm unter Leithorizont S8.
? Lacon sp.5 Laporte 1838 click beetle
NHMM PE2000/345
Macropunctum densipunctum n. sp.5 Wappler 2003 click beetle
NHMM PE2000/955, 744 stratigraphischer Bereich ca. 30 cm unter Leithorizont KaLH.
? Athous sp.5 Eschscholtz 1829 click beetle
NHMM PE2000/2213, 347
 Coleoptera - Staphylinidae
Pselaphinae indet.5 Latreille 1802 rove beetle
NHMM PE2000/987, 989, 988, 1984
 Coleoptera - Zopheridae
"Colydiidae indet." = Zopheridae5
"Colydiidae indet." = Zopheridae5 Solier 1834 ironclad beetle
NHMM PE2000/992, 993, 994
 Coleoptera - Tenebrionidae
Tenebrionidae indet.5 Latreille 1802 darkling beetle
NHMM PE2000/1179, 713
 Coleoptera - Cleridae
Cleridae indet.5 Latreille 1802 checkered beetle
NHMM PE2000/991, 998
 Coleoptera - Lophocateridae
Ancyrona eocenica n. sp.3 Schmied et al. 2009 beetle
NHMM 2000/475
 Coleoptera - Cerambycidae
Cerambycidae "indet. 1"5 Latreille 1802 longhorned beetle
NHMM PE2000/1186
 Coleoptera - Chrysomelidae
Donaciinae indet.5 Kirby 1837 leaf beetle
NHMM PE2000/477
Cassidinae "indet. 2"5 Gyllenhal 1813 tortoise beetle
NHMM 2000/476
Lamprosomatinae indet.5 Lacordaire 1848 leaf beetle
NHMM PE2000/474
Chrysomelinae indet.5 Latreille 1802 leaf beetle
NHMM 2000
 Coleoptera - Curculionidae
Curculionini indet.5 Latreille 1802 snout beetle
NHMM PE2000/1493, 1492
 Coleoptera - Brentidae
Brentinae "indet. 2"5 Billberg 1820 weevil
NHMM PE2000/1248
? Trachelizini "indet. 1"5 Lacordaire 1865 weevil
NHMM PE2000/1279, 1247, 1246
 Coleoptera - Lucanidae
Lucanidae indet.5 Latreille 1804 stag beetle
NHMM PE2000/1176, 1175
 Coleoptera - Scarabaeidae
Aphodiinae "indet. 1"5 Leach 1815 scarab beetle
NHMM PE2000/578
Aphodiinae "indet. 2"5 Leach 1815 scarab beetle
NHMM PE2000/605
Aphodiinae "indet. 3"5 Leach 1815 scarab beetle
NHMM PE2000/593, 592
Rutelinae indet.5 MacLeay 1819 scarab beetle
NHMM PE2000/591, 590
 Coleoptera - Carabidae
Carabidae "indet. 1"5 Latreille 1802 ground beetle
NHMM PE2000?1076 a+b
Carabidae "indet. 3"5 Latreille 1802 ground beetle
NHMM PE2000/1078 a+b
Pleuarthropterus (Blaticarthropterus) nonsucineus n. sp.5 Wappler 2003 ant nest beetle
NHMM PE2000/544; stratigraphischer Bereich ca. 24 cm unter Leithorizont S8.
 Coleoptera - Dytiscidae
? Dytiscidae indet.5 Leach 1815 predaceous diving beetle
NHMM PE2000/990
 Coleoptera - Cupedidae
Cupedidae "indet. 1"5 Laporte 1836 reticulated beetle
NHMM PE2000/1145 a+b
Cupedidae "indet. 2"5 Laporte 1836 reticulated beetle
NHMM PE2000/1146 a+b
"? Tenomerga eckfeldense" = Cupes eckfeldensis5 Tröster 1993 reticulated beetle
NHMM PE2000/1173, 1138, 1139, 1140, 1141, 1142, 1143, 1144
 Diptera - Limoniidae
Dicranoptycha cf. megaphallus4 Alexander 1926 crane fly
NHMM PE 2000/843
 Odonata -
Lestinoidea indet.5 Calvert 1901 damselfly
NHMM PE2000/545a,b LS
 Odonata - Priscalestidae
Priscalestes germanica n. gen. n. sp.10
Priscalestes germanica n. gen. n. sp.10 Wappler and Petrulevicius 2007 damselfly
PE 2000/45a+b
 Odonata - Megapodagrionidae
"Euarchistigma superstes n. sp." = Eckfeldia superstes5
"Euarchistigma superstes n. sp." = Eckfeldia superstes5 Wappler 2003 flatwing
NHMM PE 2000/44a+b