Solnhofen (Carnegie Museum Collection) (Jurassic of Germany)

Where: Bavaria, Germany (48.9° N, 11.1° E: paleocoordinates 40.1° N, 19.2° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• local area-level geographic resolution

When: Hybonoticeras hybonotum ammonoid zone, Solnhofen Formation, Early/Lower Tithonian (150.8 - 145.0 Ma)

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: lagoonal or restricted shallow subtidal; lithified lime mudstone

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Preservation: mold/impression, adpression

Collected by Baron de Bayet

Collection methods: bulk, mechanical,

• *The Editor who acted as the agent of Mr. Andrew Carnegie in the purchase of the Collection of Baron de Bayet and spent many weeks in Brussels in 1908 packing it for shipment to Pittsburgh recalls that the Baron informed him that the specimens from Solenhofen had been acquired at the quarries from the superintendents to whom the Baron had made an offer to recompense them for all fossils found by them in good condition as they proceeded with their work. This offer continued for a couple of years and it was thus that Baron de Bayet succeeded in amassing among other things the fine collection of insects from Solenhofen.

Primary reference: F. M. Carpenter. 1932. Jurassic insects from Solenhofen in the Carnegie Museum and the Museum of Comparative Zoology. Annals of Carnegie Museum 21:97-129 [C. Labandeira/A. Spencer-Lee/A. Spencer-Lee]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 139876: authorized by Matthew Clapham, entered by Jered Karr on 19.02.2013

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Insecta
 Hemiptera - Palaeontinidae
"Archepsyche eichstattensis" = Archipsyche eichstattensis, "Limacodites mesozoicus" = Archipsyche eichstattensis
"Archepsyche eichstattensis" = Archipsyche eichstattensis Handlirsch 1906 true bug
5166
"Limacodites mesozoicus" = Archipsyche eichstattensis Handlirsch 1906 true bug
5165
 Hemiptera - Naucoridae
"Sphaerodermopsis jurassica" = Sphaerodemopsis jurassica
"Sphaerodermopsis jurassica" = Sphaerodemopsis jurassica Oppenheim 1888 creeping water bug
 Hemiptera - Belostomatidae
Mesonepa minor Handlirsch 1906 giant water bug
Mesonepa primordialis Germar 1839 giant water bug
5157-5158, 5159-5160
"Mesobelostomum deperditum" = Scarabaeides deperditus Germar 1839 giant water bug
 Dicondylia - Chresmodidae
Chresmoda obscura Germar 1839 winged insect
 Blattodea - Mesoblattinidae
Lithoblatta lithophila Germar 1839 cockroach
 Orthoptera - Locustopsidae
"Conocephalites capito" = Conocephalella capito
"Conocephalites capito" = Conocephalella capito Deichmüller 1886 grasshopper
3781
 Orthoptera -
Grylloidea indet. Laicharting 1781 grasshopper
mentioned by Carpenter but not very well preserved
 Orthoptera - Prophalangopsidae
Pycnophlebia minor Handlirsch 1906 hump-winged cricket
5127, 5128, 5129
Pycnophlebia speciosa Germar 1839 hump-winged cricket
3783-3784, 3793
 Orthoptera - Elcanidae
Elcana lithophila Germar 1842 grasshopper
5124
"Elcana phyllophora" = Panorpidium phyllophora Handlirsch 1906 grasshopper
5123, 5125-5126
 Hymenoptera -
"Pseudosirex schroeteri" = Myrmicium schroeteri, "Pseudosirex nanus" = Myrmicium nanus
"Pseudosirex schroeteri" = Myrmicium schroeteri Germar 1839 winged insect
"Pseudosirex nanus" = Myrmicium nanus Handlirsch 1906 winged insect
 Coleoptera - Coptoclavidae
"Ditomorptera minor" = Ditomoptera minor, "Ditomorptera dubia" = Ditomoptera dubia, Actea sphinx, Pseudohydrophilus avitus
"Ditomorptera minor" = Ditomoptera minor Deichmüller 1886 beetle
"Ditomorptera dubia" = Ditomoptera dubia Germar 1839 beetle
3785-3786
Actea sphinx Münster 1842 beetle
Pseudohydrophilus avitus von Heyden 1847 beetle
 Coleoptera - Trachypachidae
Procalosoma major Handlirsch 1906 false ground beetle
3787
 Coleoptera - Schizophoridae
Malmelater costeri Weyenbergh 1869 beetle
 Coleoptera - Cupedidae
"Pyrochroophana brevipes" = Omma brevipes
"Pyrochroophana brevipes" = Omma brevipes Deichmüller 1886 reticulated beetle
5170
 Trichoptera -
"Archotaullus bavaricus" = Archotaulius bavaricus
"Archotaullus bavaricus" = Archotaulius bavaricus Handlirsch 1906 caddisfly
5187
 Megaloptera - Corydalidae
Corydalis vetusta Hagen 1862 dobsonfly
3846
 Neuroptera -
Gigantotermes excelsus, "Osmylites protogaeus" = Osmylites excelsa
Gigantotermes excelsus Oppenheim 1888 lacewing
5169
"Osmylites protogaeus" = Osmylites excelsa Oppenheim 1888 lacewing
5167-5168
 Ephemeroptera - Hexagenitidae
"Mesephemera cellulosa" = Hexagenites cellulosus
"Mesephemera cellulosa" = Hexagenites cellulosus Hagen 1862 mayfly
3840, 5087
 Ephemerida - Mesephemeridae
Mesephemera procera Hagen 1862 mayfly
CM 3835, 3836-3837, 3838-3839, 5083-5084,5085-5086
 Dicondylia - Protomyrmeleontidae
Malmagrion eichstattensis Hagen 1862 winged insect
5115
 Dicondylia - Tarsophlebiidae
Tarsophlebia eximia Hagen 1862 winged insect
3807, 3808, 5089, 5090-3828
 Odonata -
Pseudoeuphaea sp. Handlirsch 1906 dragonfly
3832-3833
 Odonata - Stenophlebiidae
Stenophlebia latreillei Germar 1839 dragonfly
 Odonata - Cymatophlebiidae
Cymatophlebia longialata Germar 1839 true dragonfly
3823, 3824(5103), 3825(6), 5104-5108; 3827 acquired from Munich
 Odonata - Eumorbaeschnidae
"Cymatophlebia jurassica n. sp." = Eumorbaeschna jurassica
"Cymatophlebia jurassica n. sp." = Eumorbaeschna jurassica Carpenter 1932 true dragonfly
3815 from the collection of Mrs Gordon Thomson
 Odonata - Nannogomphidae
Nannogomphus bavaricus Handlirsch 1906 true dragonfly
3815, 3816, 3817-5114
 Odonata - Aktassiidae
Aeschnogomphus intermedius Munster 1839 true dragonfly
3822, 3821, 5111(2), 5113, 1221
 Odonata - Protolindeniidae
Protolindenia wittei Giebel 1860 true dragonfly
3818, 3820, 5109(5110)
 Odonata - Aeschnidiidae
Urogomphus giganteus Germar 1839 small darner
3829(30), 3831
 Odonata - Isophlebiidae
Isophlebia aspasia Hagen 1866 dragonfly
3811, 3812, 3813-3814,5091, 5092, 5093