La Rinconada, Ribesalbes (MPV Peñalver collection) (Miocene of Spain)

Where: Castellon, Spain (40.0° N, 0.3° W: paleocoordinates 40.0° N, 1.9° W)

• coordinate estimated from map

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Early/Lower Miocene (23.0 - 16.0 Ma)

Environment/lithology: lacustrine - large; lithified, carbonaceous shale

• Eastern Iberian rift system. From the late Oligocene and during the Neogene both strike-slip and extensional regimes alternated and coexisted, giving rise to a number of fault-bounded basins. Deep lacustrine sequences ranging from 100 up to 250 m thick were deposited in all the above mentioned basins. The organic-rich sequences are characterized by thin lamination, absence of bioturbation, rare benthonic fauna (if present, it is supplied from other parts of the basin) and excellent preservation of "exotic" fossils (plant leaves, insects, amphibians). The suitable depth conditions needed for permanent stratification in the water bodies and anoxia in the deeper parts of the lakes, were due essentially to increasing subsidence outstripping deposition.
• Laminated oil shales

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: mold/impression

Collected by E. Penalver

• Repositories: Museo Paleontologico Municipal de Valencia (MPV RIB-) (later Museo de Ciencias Naturales de Valencia)

Primary reference: E. Peñalver, A. Nel, and X. Martínez-Delclòs. 1996. Insectos del Mioceno inferior de Ribesalbes (Castellón, España). Paleoptera y Neoptera poli- y paraneoptera. Treballs del Museu de Geologia de Barcelona 5:15-95 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 140792: authorized by Matthew Clapham, entered by Matthew Clapham on 17.03.2013

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Hemiptera - Aphididae
Aphididae indet. Latreille 1802 aphid
MPV RIB-67, 89
 Hemiptera - Aphrophoridae
Aphrophora sp. Germar 1821 spittle bug
MPV RIB-229, 239
 Hemiptera - Lygaeidae
cf. Lygaeidae indet. Schilling 1829 milkweed bug
 Hemiptera - Notonectidae
Notonecta sp. Linnaeus 1758 true bug
 Thysanoptera - Thripidae
Thripidae indet. Stevens 1829 thrips
MPV RIB-14, 54, 55, 56, 68, 258, 266, 272
 Orthoptera - Acrididae
Oedipodinae indet. Walker 1871 band-winged grasshopper
MPV RIB-70, 102, 123, 188, 189, 190, 226, 227, 228, 243, 262
 Orthoptera - Tettigoniidae
"Tettigonia aff. veridissima" = Tettigonia viridissima
"Tettigonia aff. veridissima" = Tettigonia viridissima Linnaeus 1758 katydid
 Hymenoptera - Formicidae
Formicidae "gen. et sp. 1" Latreille 1802 ant
Formicidae indet. Latreille 1802 ant
MPV RIB-11, 13, 22, 35, 41, 50, 75, 105, 141, 153, 155, 225(x3)
 Hymenoptera - Ichneumonidae
Ichneumonidae "gen. et sp. 2" Latreille 1802 ichneumon wasp
 Odonata -
Zygoptera indet. Selys-Longchamps 1854 damselfly
MPV RIB-64, 90, 91, 92, 226
 Odonata - Lestidae
cf. Lestes sp. Leach 1815 spread-winged damselfly
 Odonata -
Anisoptera indet. Selys-Longchamps and Hagen 1854 true dragonfly
MPV RIB-23, 24, 25, 28, 30, 76, 154, 268 (larvae)