La Rinconada, Ribesalbes (MLSVP collection) (Miocene of Spain)

Where: Castellon, Spain (40.0° N, 0.3° W: paleocoordinates 40.0° N, 1.9° W)

• coordinate estimated from map

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Early/Lower Miocene (23.0 - 16.0 Ma)

Environment/lithology: lacustrine - large; lithified, carbonaceous shale

• Eastern Iberian rift system. From the late Oligocene and during the Neogene both strike-slip and extensional regimes alternated and coexisted, giving rise to a number of fault-bounded basins. Deep lacustrine sequences ranging from 100 up to 250 m thick were deposited in all the above mentioned basins. The organic-rich sequences are characterized by thin lamination, absence of bioturbation, rare benthonic fauna (if present, it is supplied from other parts of the basin) and excellent preservation of "exotic" fossils (plant leaves, insects, amphibians). The suitable depth conditions needed for permanent stratification in the water bodies and anoxia in the deeper parts of the lakes, were due essentially to increasing subsidence outstripping deposition.
• Laminated oil shales

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: mold/impression

Collection methods: Repositories: Museo del Colegio "La Salle" de Paterna, Valencia (MLSVP)

Primary reference: E. Peñalver, A. Nel, and X. Martínez-Delclòs. 1996. Insectos del Mioceno inferior de Ribesalbes (Castellón, España). Paleoptera y Neoptera poli- y paraneoptera. Treballs del Museu de Geologia de Barcelona 5:15-95 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 140793: authorized by Matthew Clapham, entered by Matthew Clapham on 17.03.2013

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Insecta
 Orthoptera - Acrididae
Oedipodinae indet. Walker 1871 band-winged grasshopper
MLSVP 1016, 1064, 1106, 1121
 Hymenoptera - Formicidae
Formicidae indet. Latreille 1802 ant
MLSVP 978, 1005, 1166
 Odonata -
Zygoptera indet. Selys-Longchamps 1854 damselfly
MLSVP 976
 Odonata - Lestidae
? Sympecma ribesalbesensis n. sp. Peñalver et al. 1996 spread-winged damselfly
MLSVP 967(963)
 Odonata -
Anisoptera indet. Selys-Longchamps and Hagen 1854 true dragonfly
MLSVP 975, 977, 100, 1009, 1063, 1069, 1107, 1128, 1129, 1165, 1168 (larvae)