La Rinconada, Ribesalbes (Manuel Saura Vilar collection) (Miocene of Spain)

Where: Castellon, Spain (40.0° N, 0.3° W: paleocoordinates 40.0° N, 1.9° W)

• coordinate estimated from map

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Early/Lower Miocene (23.0 - 16.0 Ma)

Environment/lithology: lacustrine - large; lithified, carbonaceous shale

• Eastern Iberian rift system. From the late Oligocene and during the Neogene both strike-slip and extensional regimes alternated and coexisted, giving rise to a number of fault-bounded basins. Deep lacustrine sequences ranging from 100 up to 250 m thick were deposited in all the above mentioned basins. The organic-rich sequences are characterized by thin lamination, absence of bioturbation, rare benthonic fauna (if present, it is supplied from other parts of the basin) and excellent preservation of "exotic" fossils (plant leaves, insects, amphibians). The suitable depth conditions needed for permanent stratification in the water bodies and anoxia in the deeper parts of the lakes, were due essentially to increasing subsidence outstripping deposition.
• Laminated oil shales

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: mold/impression

Collection methods: Repositories: private collection of Manuel Saura Vilar (MSV)

Primary reference: E. Peñalver, A. Nel, and X. Martínez-Delclòs. 1996. Insectos del Mioceno inferior de Ribesalbes (Castellón, España). Paleoptera y Neoptera poli- y paraneoptera. Treballs del Museu de Geologia de Barcelona 5:15-95 [M. Clapham/M. Clapham]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 140796: authorized by Matthew Clapham, entered by Matthew Clapham on 17.03.2013

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Insecta
 Hemiptera - Aphididae
Aphididae indet. Latreille 1802 aphid
MSV 134
 Hemiptera - Aphrophoridae
Aphrophora sp. Germar 1821 spittle bug
MSV 71
 Hemiptera - Berytidae
Berytidae indet. stilt bug
MSV 146
 Hemiptera - Miridae
Miridae indet. Hahn 1833 plant bug
MSV 5
 Hemiptera - Nepidae
Nepidae indet. Latreille 1802 true bug
MSV 144
Nepa sp. Linnaeus 1758 true bug
MSV 41, 80
 Hemiptera - Notonectidae
Notonecta sp. Linnaeus 1758 true bug
MSV 33
 Thysanoptera - Thripidae
Thripidae indet. Stevens 1829 thrips
MSV 135
 Blattodea -
Ulmeriella sp. Meunier 1920 termite
MSV 48
 Orthoptera - Acrididae
Oedipodinae indet. Walker 1871 band-winged grasshopper
MSV 9, 60 (counterpart JAG 34), 72, 73, 89, 95, 99, 113, 115, 119, 125, 154
 Hymenoptera - Formicidae
Formicidae "gen. et sp. 2" Latreille 1802 ant
MSV 138
Formicidae indet. Latreille 1802 ant
MSV 16 (counterpart JAG 22), 17, 34, 45, 83, 97, 101, 107, 110, 116, 147, 193, 194, 195
 Hymenoptera - Sphecidae
Ammophila aff. sabulosa Linnaeus 1758 digger wasp
MSV 40
 Hymenoptera - Braconidae
Braconidae indet. Nees 1811 wasp
MSV 28
 Hymenoptera - Ichneumonidae
cf. Eucerotinae indet. Seyrig 1934 ichneumon wasp
MSV 64 (counterpart JAG 60)
 Odonata -
Zygoptera indet. Selys-Longchamps 1854 damselfly
MSV 11, 12, 26, 36, 63, 122, 163
 Odonata - Lestidae
Lestes sp. Leach 1815 spread-winged damselfly
MSV 133
 Odonata -
Anisoptera indet. Selys-Longchamps and Hagen 1854 true dragonfly
MSV 75, 90, 137
 Odonata - Libellulidae
Libellulidae indet. Rambur 1842 common skimmer
MSV 91