Where: Malta (35.9° N, 14.4° E: paleocoordinates 35.7° N, 14.1° E)
• coordinate estimated from map
• local area-level geographic resolution
When: Upper Coralline Limestone Formation, Messinian (7.2 - 5.3 Ma)
• Messinian or possibly late Tortonian in age
• bed-level stratigraphic resolution
Environment/lithology: reef, buildup or bioherm; marl
• Crustose Algal Marl commonest in the basal parts of the biostrome and form 0.4 to 1.3 m thick units. The matrix is a kaolin-rich micrite in which are developed crust and boxwork growths of Mesophyllum commune (Lemoine). The majority of the algae and benthic macrofauna appear to be in a growth position. Planktonic foraminifera attain their highest percentages (1.1%) in this facies. Rotaliid foraminifera occur in similar percentages with encrusting discorbids recorded attached to the algal crusts. Other than occasional bivalve moulds (1.9%) and echinoid plates, bryozoan colonies are the only significant faunal contributors (1.5%). Coralline algal crusts (25.6%) are the dominant floral element and these are entombed in a pale-grey marl containing finely comminuted debris, mainly foraminiferal in nature.
• Crustose Algal Marl.
Size classes: mesofossils, microfossils
Primary reference: D. W. J. Bosence. 1983. Coralline algae from the Miocene of Malta. Palaeontology 26:147-173 [W. Kiessling/M. Krause]more details
Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis
PaleoDB collection 140979: authorized by Wolfgang Kiessling, entered by Mihaela Krause on 20.03.2013
Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)
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