Stratford Hall, Langhian, Zones 15A-B (Miocene of the United States)

Where: Westmoreland County, Virginia (38.2° N, 76.8° W: paleocoordinates 38.4° N, 73.5° W)

• coordinate estimated from map

• local area-level geographic resolution

When: Plum Point Member (Calvert Formation), Langhian (16.0 - 13.8 Ma)

• member-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: marine; lithology not reported

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: R. E. Weems, L. E. Edwards, and B. Landacre. 2017. Geology and biostratigraphy of the Potomac River Cliffs at Stratford Hall, Westmoreland County, Virginia. The Geological Society of America Field Guide 47:125-152 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 187324: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Mark Uhen on 20.07.2017

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

unclassified
  -
Chondrichthyes
 Rajiformes - Rajidae
Raja sp. Linnaeus 1758 skate
 Myliobatiformes - Dasyatidae
Dasyatis sp. Rafinesque 1810 whiptail stingray
 Myliobatiformes - Myliobatidae
Mobula sp. Rafinesque 1810 devil ray
Rhinoptera sp. Cuvier 1829 cownose ray
Pteromylaeus sp. Garman 1913 bull ray
 Lamniformes - Cetorhinidae
"Cetorhinus parvus" = Keasius parvus
"Cetorhinus parvus" = Keasius parvus Leriche 1908 basking shark
 Lamniformes - Otodontidae
"Carcharocles megalodon" = Otodus megalodon
"Carcharocles megalodon" = Otodus megalodon Agassiz 1843 megalodon
 Lamniformes - Odontaspididae
Carcharoides catticus Philippi 1846 sand tiger shark
 Carchariniformes - Carcharhinidae
Negaprion eurybathrodon Blake 1862 lemon shark
Galeocerdo aduncus Agassiz 1843 tiger shark
Carcharhinus sp. de Blainville 1816 requiem shark
 Carchariniformes - Hemigaleidae
"Hemipristis serra" = Hemipristis heteropleurus
"Hemipristis serra" = Hemipristis heteropleurus Agassiz 1844 ground shark
 Carchariniformes - Triakidae
Mustelus sp. hound shark
Actinopteri
 Acipenseriformes - Acipenseridae
Acipenser ornatus Leidy 1873 sturgeon
 Elopiformes - Megalopidae
Megalops cf. atlanticus Valenciennes 1847
 Albuliformes - Albulidae
Albula sp. Gronow 1763 bonefish
 Istiophoriformes - Istiophoridae
Istiophorus sp. Lacépède 1802
 Acanthomorphata - Sphyraenidae
Sphyraena cf. barracuda Edwards 1771 barracuda
 Scombriformes - Scombridae
Scomberomorus sp. Lacépède 1802
 Perciformes - Sparidae
Lagodon cf. rhomboides Linnaeus 1766 perch-like fish
 Acanthomorphata - Sciaenidae
Sciaenops sp. Gill 1863
 Acanthomorphata - Malacanthidae
Lopholatilus ereborensis Carnevale and Godfrey 2014
 Labriformes - Labridae
 Tetraodontiformes - Molidae
Ranzania grahami Weems 1985
 Gadiformes - Merlucciidae
 Aulopiformes - Alepisauridae
Alepisaurus sp. lancetfish
Reptilia
 Testudines - Cheloniidae
Trachyaspis lardyi Meyer 1873 sea turtle
Aves
 Charadriiformes - Laridae
Feducciavis loftini Olson 2011 gull
 Anseriformes - Anatidae
Mergus miscellus Alvarez and Olson 1978 merganser
 Suliformes - Sulidae
Morus loxostylus Cope 1870 gannet
Reptilia
 Crocodylia -
Thecachampsa sericodon Cope 1867 crocodilian
STHA1
Thecachampsa antiquus Leidy 1852 crocodilian
Mammalia
 Sirenia - Dugongidae
Metaxytherium crataegense Simpson 1932 dugong
 Carnivora - Phocidae
"Leptophoca lenis" = Leptophoca proxima
"Leptophoca lenis" = Leptophoca proxima Van Beneden 1876 seal
 Cetacea -
Parietobalaena palmeri Kellogg 1924 whale
 Cetacea - Tranatocetidae
Mesocetus siphunculus Cope 1895 whale
 Cetacea -
Diorocetus hiatus Kellogg 1968 whale
Aglaocetus patulus Kellogg 1968 whale
Pelocetus calvertensis Kellogg 1965 whale
 Cetacea - Squalodontidae
Squalodon sp. Grateloup 1840 toothed whale
n. sp.
 Cetacea - Platanistidae
Zarhachis sp., "Schizodelphis crassangulum" = Zarhachis crassangulum
Zarhachis sp. Cope 1868 toothed whale
"Schizodelphis crassangulum" = Zarhachis crassangulum Case 1904 toothed whale
 Cetacea -
Priscodelphinus stenus Cope 1868 toothed whale
 Cetacea - Eurhinodelphinidae
Xiphiacetus bossi Kellogg 1925 toothed whale
Pinopsida
 Pinales - Pinaceae
Pinus sp. Linnaeus 1753 pine
Picea sp. Link 1827 spruce
 Pinales - Taxodiaceae
aff. Taxodium sp. Richard 1810
Taxodium-type
Monocotyledoneae
 Cyperales - Commelinidae
Cyperaceae indet. Jussieu 1789 sedge
 Typhales - Commelinidae
Typha sp. Linnaeus
Monocots
 Poales - Poaceae
Poaceae indet. Barnhart 1895
Dicotyledonae
 Urticales - Dilleniidae
Ulmus sp. Linnaeus 1753 elm
 Theales - Dilleniidae
Ilex sp. Linnaeus
 Scrophulariales - Asteridae
Fraxinus sp. Linnaeus
 Myrtiflorae - Nyssaceae
Nyssa sp. Linnaeus
 Juglandales - Hamamelidae
Carya sp. Nuttall 1818 hickory
Juglans sp. Linnaeus 1753 walnut
Magnoliopsida
  -
aff. Momipites sp. Wodehouse 1933
Momipites-type
 Saxifragales - Hamamelidaceae
Liquidambar sp. Linnaeus 1753 sweetgum
 Ericales - Ericaceae
Ericaceae indet. de Jussieu 1789
 Sapindales - Aceraceae
Acer sp. Linnaeus 1753 maple
 Proteales -
cf. Proteacidites sp. Cookson and Couper 1953
 Proteales - Platanaceae
Platanus sp. Linnaeus 1753 plane tree
 Asterales - Asteraceae
Asteraceae indet. von Berchtold and Presl 1820
 Fagales - Betulaceae
Ostrya sp. Scopoli 1760 hophornbeam
/Carpinus sp.
Betula sp. Linnaeus 1753 birch
Corylus sp. Linnaeus birch
Alnus sp. Miller 1768 alder
 Fagales - Fagaceae
Quercus sp. Linnaeus 1753
aff. Castanea sp. Miller 1754 chestnut
Castanea-like
 Violales - Salicaceae
Salix sp. Linnaeus 1753 willow