Nahal Mahanayeem Outlet (NMO) (Pleistocene of Israel)

Where: Israel (33.0° N, 35.6° E: paleocoordinates 33.0° N, 35.6° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

When: Late/Upper Pleistocene (0.1 - 0.0 Ma)

• The combined stratigraphic sequence of the excavated areas, the geological trenches and the riverbank sections revealed a complex sequence of several sedimentary layers (Fig. 1C, D). At the base of the archaeological stratigraphic sequence lies a layer of unknown thickness, comprising basalt boulders and cobbles (Layer 5; Fig. 1A, D). The morphology of this conglomerate is of a hill sloping gently towards the north and tilted to the east (Kalbe et al., 2014).

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; lithology not reported

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Preservation: anthropogenic

Collection methods: surface (in situ),

Primary reference: R. Biton, G. Sharon, M. Oron, T. Steiner, and R. Rabinovich. 2017. Freshwater turtle or tortoise? The exploitation of testudines at the Mousterian site of Nahal Mahanayeem Outlet, Hula Valley, Israel. Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports 14:409-419 [E. Vlachos/E. Vlachos]more details

Purpose of describing collection: archaeological analysis

PaleoDB collection 187335: authorized by Evangelos Vlachos, entered by Evangelos Vlachos on 21.07.2017

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Testudines - Pantestudinidae
Testudo graeca Linnaeus 1758 common tortoise
 Testudines - Pangeoemydidae
Mauremys cf. rivulata Valenciennes 1833 Western Caspian turtle