Middleburg (Triassic of South Africa)

Where: East Cape, South Africa (33.0° S, 20.4° E: paleocoordinates 62.6° S, 29.0° W)

When: Palingkloof Member (Balfour Formation), Early/Lower Triassic (252.2 - 247.2 Ma)

Environment/lithology: "floodplain"; red, argillaceous mudstone and green sandstone

• represent high-sinuosity channel and floodplain deposits that accumulated under semi-arid climatic conditions

Size class: macrofossils

• A complete skull

Primary reference: R. Damiani, J. Neveling, S. Modesto and A. Yates. 2003. Barendskraal, a diverse amniote locality from the Lystrosaurus assemblage zone, early Triassic of South Africa. Palaeontologia Africana 39:53-62 [M. Uhen/M. Hudgins/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 188978: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Michael Hudgins on 23.09.2017

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Procolophonia - Procolophonidae
Sauropareion anoplus Modesto et al. 2001 parareptile
 Procolophonia - Owenettidae
Owenetta kitchingorum Reisz and Scott 2002 parareptile
 Eosuchia - Prolacertidae
Prolacerta broomi Parrington 1935 archosauromorph
 Eosuchia - Proterosuchidae
Proterosuchus fergusi Broom 1903 archosauromorph
 Therapsida - Lystrosauridae
Lystrosaurus sp. Cope 1870 dicynodont
 Therocephalia - Ericiolacertidae
Ericiolacerta parva Watson 1931 therapsid
 Therocephalia - Akidnognathidae
Moschorhinus kitchingi Broom 1920 therapsid
 Therocephalia - Lycideopidae
Tetracynodon darti Sigogneau 1963 therapsid