Montopoli Val d’Arno (Pliocene to of Italy)

Where: Italy (43.7° N, 10.7° E: paleocoordinates 43.6° N, 10.7° E)

When: Late/Upper Pliocene to Late/Upper Pliocene (3.6 - 0.8 Ma)

• P. pardoides seems to be present in Eurasia from the Late Pliocene (Kvabebi, Georgia and Shamar, Mongolia, more than 2.6 Ma, Hemmer et al., 2004) to the latest Early Pleistocene (Vallparadís, Spain, layer EVT7, ∼0.83 Ma, Madurell-Malapeira et al., 2010b). The Montopoli local

•fauna has been correlated by Lindsay et al. (1980) to

•the base of the Matuyama magnetic chron (∼2.6 Ma),

•approximately at the same age of Perrier-Étouaries, so the

•specimen described in the present work represents one of

•the earliest records of P. pardoides.

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; sandy gravel

• Paleoenvironmental reconstructions of these different

•sites show important variability in land cover, with

•forests, woodlands, grasslands and transitional ranges

•(Hemmer et al., 2004).

• Most of the Montopoli collection comes from excavations made by Forsyth Major in 1880 and was found in gravelly sands alternating with marine littoral deposits. Continental mammal-bearing

•sands outcropped in at least two localities: “l’Uccellatoio”

•hill and “Poggio di Montevecchio”, both located a few kilometers

•southeast of the town of Montopoli (De Giuli and

•Heintz, 1974).

Size class: macrofossils

• The left upper carnassial IGF 15358 is in good state of preservation, although the two anterior roots are broken (Fig. 2).

Collected by Forsyth Major in 1880

Primary reference: M. Cherin, D. A. Iurino, and R. Sardella. 2013. Earliest occurrence of Puma pardoides (Owen, 1846) (Carnivora, Felidae) at the Plio/Pleistocene transition in western Europe: New evidence from the Middle Villafranchian assemblage of Montopoli, Italy. C. R. Palevol 12:165-171 [M. Uhen/G. Halstead-Johnson/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 189027: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Guinevive Halstead-Johnson on 28.09.2017

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Mammalia
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus indet. Linnaeus 1758 horse
 Carnivora - Felidae
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Mammuthus indet. Brookes 1828 mammoth
 Ungulata - Bovidae
 Ungulata - Cervidae