USGS 14629 - Casmalia Hills [Careaga Sandstone] (Pliocene of the United States)

Also known as Woodring Loc. 167; W26

Where: Santa Barbara County, California (34.9° N, 120.5° W: paleocoordinates 34.7° N, 119.6° W)

• coordinate estimated from map

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Cebada Member (Careaga Sandstone Formation), Piacenzian (3.6 - 2.6 Ma)

• LITHOSTRATIGRAPHY: From the Cebada Member of the Careaga Sandstone, which overlies the Foxen Mudstone (mid-late Pliocene) and underlies the Paso Robles Fm (Pleistocene). AGE: Late Pliocene, on the basis of foraminiferal and microfossil biostratigraphy.

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: offshore; poorly lithified, silty sandstone

• PALEOENVIRONMENT: Established on the basis of faunal composition.
• LITHOLOGY: Fine-grained sandstone. LITHIFICATION: Assumed poorly lithified on the basis of figured specimens.

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collected by W. Woodring; reposited in the USNM

Collection methods: surface (in situ),

• COLLECTORS: Not reported, but assumed to be W. Woodring. REPOSITORY: Smithsonian (USNM).

Primary reference: W. P. Woodring and M.N. Bramlette. 1950. Geology and paleontology of the Santa Maria District California. United States Geological Survey Professional Paper 222 [A. Miller/A. Hendy/A. Hendy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 189558: authorized by Austin Hendy, entered by Austin Hendy on 31.10.2017

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• COVERAGE: Exhaustive for macrofossils. NOMENCLATURE: Somewhat antiquated nomenclature.
Bivalvia
 Pectinida - Pectinoidae
"Pecten hemphilli" = Pecten (Pecten) bellus, Patinopecten healeyi, "Pecten stearnsii" = Flabellipecten stearnsii, "Chlamys hastatus" = Chlamys (Chlamys) hastata
"Pecten hemphilli" = Pecten (Pecten) bellus Conrad 1857 scallop
Patinopecten healeyi Arnold 1906 scallop
"Pecten stearnsii" = Flabellipecten stearnsii Dall 1878 scallop
"Chlamys hastatus" = Chlamys (Chlamys) hastata Sowerby 1842 scallop
 Ostreida - Ostreidae
"Ostrea vespertina" = Dendostrea vespertina
"Ostrea vespertina" = Dendostrea vespertina Conrad 1855 oyster
 Cardiida - Veneridae
Protothaca cf. staleyi Gabb 1866 venus clam