USGS 5358, Bryant Newkirk's marl hole (Cretaceous of the United States)

Also known as Black River, milepost 66

Where: Sampson County, North Carolina (34.7° N, 78.2° W: paleocoordinates 34.8° N, 49.2° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Black Creek Formation, Campanian (83.6 - 72.1 Ma)

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: coastal; gray, green, calcareous sandstone

• "dark green or greenish-gray, fossiliferous sand with an occasional indurated, calcareous layer likewise fossiliferous"

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collected by Stephenson

Collection methods: surface (in situ),

Primary reference: L. W. Stephenson. 1912. The Cretaceous formations. North Carolina Geological and Economic Survey 3:73-171 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 190550: authorized by Matthew Carrano, entered by Matthew Carrano on 11.12.2017

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Rhynchonellata
 Rhynchonellida - Cyclothyrididae
Cyclothyris sp. M'Coy 1844
Polychaeta
 Sabellida - Serpulidae
Bivalvia
  -
"Pelecypoda indet." = Bivalvia
"Pelecypoda indet." = Bivalvia Linnaeus 1758 clam
 Arcida - Arcidae
Arca sp. Linnaeus 1758 ark
 Arcida - Glycymerididae
"Trigonoarca triquetra" = Trigonarca, "Trigonoarca sp." = Trigonarca, Glycymeris subaustralis
"Trigonoarca triquetra" = Trigonarca clam
"Trigonoarca sp." = Trigonarca Conrad 1862 clam
"n. sp."
 Arcida - Cucullaeidae
 Pectinida - Pectinoidae
Pecten sp. Müller 1776 scallop
"n. sp."
 Ostreida - Ostreidae
"Ostrea cretacea" = Flemingostrea cretacea
"Ostrea cretacea" = Flemingostrea cretacea Morton 1834 oyster
 Ostreida - Pinnidae
Pinna sp. Linnaeus 1758 oyster
 Carditida - Crassatellidae
"Crassatellites carolinensis" = Crassatella carolinensis
"Crassatellites carolinensis" = Crassatella carolinensis Conrad 1875 clam
 Pholadida - Corbulidae
 Cardiida - Gastrochaenidae
? Gastrochaena sp. Spengler 1783 clam
"same as at Whiteley Creek Landing"
 Cardiida - Tellinidae
"Linearia metastriata" = Linearis
"Linearia metastriata" = Linearis tellin clam
 Cardiida - Cardiidae
"Cardium eufaulense" = Trachycardium eufaulensis Conrad 1860 cockle
Cardium sp. Linnaeus 1758 cockle
Cardium spillmani Conrad 1858 cockle
 Trigoniida - Trigoniidae
Trigonia sp. Bruguière 1789 clam
 Nuculida - Nuculidae
Gastropoda
  -
Gastropoda indet. Cuvier 1797 snail
 Naticoidea - Naticidae
Lunatia sp. Gray 1847 moon snail
 Sorbeoconcha - Turritellidae
Turritella sp. Lamarck 1799 turret shell
Chondrichthyes
 Lamniformes - Anacoracidae
"Corax falcatus" = Squalicorax falcatus
"Corax falcatus" = Squalicorax falcatus Agassiz 1843 crow shark
 Lamniformes - Mitsukurinidae
"Lamna texana" = Scapanorhynchus texanus
"Lamna texana" = Scapanorhynchus texanus Roemer 1852 goblin shark
 Lamniformes - Cretoxyrhinidae
"Otodus appendiculatus" = Cretolamna appendiculata
"Otodus appendiculatus" = Cretolamna appendiculata Agassiz 1843 mackerel shark
Reptilia
 Testudinata -
Testudinata indet. Oppel 1811 turtle
plate