Nu‘alolo Kai (Holocene of the United States)

Also known as Site 50-30-01-196

Where: Kauai County, Hawaii (22.2° N, 159.7° W: paleocoordinates 22.2° N, 159.7° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Holocene (0.0 - 0.0 Ma)

• The cultural deposit at Site 196 extended to a depth of nearly 2 meters below the ground surface (Graves et al. 2005:1). In the early 1990s, archaeologists from the University of Hawai‘i compiled a comprehensive computerized inventory of the cultural materials recovered from the site, including many objects not previously documented (Graves et al. 2005:1). Radiocarbon dates suggest that the earliest occupation of the site may have taken place around A.D. 1290 to 1450 (Graves et al. 2005:37). The presence of historic artifacts in the upper most levels indicates that the site continued in use up into the post-Contact period.

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; lithology not reported

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: anthropogenic

Primary reference: L. L. N. Reeve, R. B. Reeve, and P. L. Cleghorn. 2013. The Hawaiian Monk Seal in Traditional Hawaiian Culture. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration [M. Uhen/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: archaeological analysis

PaleoDB collection 190690: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Mark Uhen on 14.12.2017

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Carnivora - Phocidae
Neomonachus schauinslandi Hermann 1779 Hawaiian monk seal