Cueva de Post Office (Inferior) (Holocene of Ecuador)

Where: Galapagos, Ecuador (1.2° S, 90.4° W: paleocoordinates 1.2° S, 90.5° W)

• coordinate estimated from map

When: Holocene (0.0 - 0.0 Ma)

Environment/lithology: sinkhole; brown, yellow, silty, sandy gravel

• Near the entrance, the floor of each cave was littered with hundreds of bones, as well as pieces of wood. The sediments from the different test pits are broadly similar to each other. They are very inorganic, being derived from basalts, with some secondary minerals (gypsum, flourite, apatite, minor calcite).

•light yellowish brown (10 YR 8/4 dry), light brown (7.5 YR 7/6 wet), unlaminated, poorly sorted; slightly silty, slightly sandy gravel; contact poorly defined (dashed line); clasts of basalt and flourite, very angular to sub-angular, averaging smaller in the top 1 cm

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Primary reference: D. W. Steadman. 1986. Holocene Vertebrate Fossils from Isla Floreana, Galapagos. Smithsonian contributions to zoology 413:1-112 [E. Vlachos/E. Vlachos]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 190844: authorized by Evangelos Vlachos, entered by Evangelos Vlachos on 19.12.2017

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Testudines - Pantestudinidae
Geochelone elephantopus Harlan 1827 Galapagos giant tortoise
 Aves -
 Columbiformes - Columbidae
Zenaida galapagoensis Gould 1841 Galapagos dove
 Ornithurae -
Passeriformes indet. Linnaeus 1758 perching bird
 Passeriformes - Mimidae
Mimus trifasciatus Gould 1837 Floreana mockinbird
 Passeriformes - Thraupidae
"Geospiza olivacea" = Certhidea olivacea Gould 1837 green warbler-finch
Geospiza indet. Gould 1837 Darwin's finch
Geospiza magnirostris Gould 1837 large ground-finch
"Geospiza nebulosa" = Geospiza difficilis Sharpe 1888 sharp-beaked ground-finch
Geospiza fuliginosa Gould 1837 small ground-finch
 Procellariiformes - Procellariidae
Puffinus lherminieri Lesson 1839 Audubon's shearwater
 Pelecaniformes - Ardeidae
Nyctanassa violacea Linnaeus 1758 yellow-crowned night heron
 Squamata - Tropiduridae
Tropidurus grayii ground lizard
 Squamata - Gekkonidae
Phyllodactylus baurii leaf-toed gecko
 Mammalia -
Mammalia indet. mammal
introduced by man
 Rodentia - Muridae
Rattus rattus Linnaeus 1758 black rat
introduced by man
Mus musculus Linnaeus 1758 house mouse
introduced by man
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus asinus Linnaeus 1758 donkey
introduced by man