Thomas Quarry 1 level G (Pleistocene of Morocco)

Also known as Th1-G, Hominid Level, H. erectus cave

Where: Morocco (33.6° N, 7.6° W: paleocoordinates 33.6° N, 7.6° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Pleistocene (2.6 - 0.0 Ma)

• An exposure through deposits in a marine cave were cleaned and excavated. 'The lower part of the cave (Th1-G) consists of a hard pink filling, overlain by several stalagmitic layers. The latter are covered by a dark red clay of late pleistocene age'. Dated very roughly to 0.7-0.6Ma

Environment/lithology: coastal

• Marine cave filling
• hard pink filling overlain by stalagmitic layers

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Preservation: anthropogenic

Collection methods: bulk,

• Collections made in 1993-1995 yielded one Homo erectus tooth. The earlier 'Thomas Quarry 1' mandible also came from this level.

Primary reference: D. Geraads. 2002. Plio-Pleistocene mammalian biostratigraphy of Atlantic Morocco. Quaternaire 13(1):43-53 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: archaeological analysis

PaleoDB collection 34287: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 26.08.2003

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Primates - Hominidae
"Homo erectus" = Pithecanthropus erectus
"Homo erectus" = Pithecanthropus erectus Dubois 1892 human
 Primates - Cercopithecidae
Theropithecus cf. oswaldi Andrews 1916 gelada
 Rodentia - Muridae
Praomys sp. Thomas 1915 African soft-furred rat
Mus sp. Linnaeus 1758 house mouse
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Ellobius sp. Fischer 1814 mole-vole
 Rodentia - Gliridae
Eliomys sp. Wagner 1840 dormouse
 Rodentia - Hystricidae
Hystrix cf. cristata Linnaeus 1758 crested porcupine
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Ceratotherium simum Burchell 1821 white rhinoceros
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
 Chiroptera -
Chiroptera indet. Blumenbach 1779 bat
 Carnivora - Ursidae
 Carnivora - Phocidae
Monachus aff. monachus Hermann 1779 Mediterranean monk seal
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Mellivora sp., "Lutra cf. maculicollis" = Hydrictis maculicollis
Mellivora sp. Storr 1780 ratel
"Lutra cf. maculicollis" = Hydrictis maculicollis Lichtenstein 1835 otter
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canis aff. adustus Sundevall 1847 side-striped jackal
 Carnivora - Felidae
Panthera leo Linnaeus 1758 lion
 Carnivora - Hyaenidae
Hyaena hyaena Linnaeus 1758 striped hyaena
Crocuta crocuta Erxleben 1777 spotted hyaena
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Elephantidae indet. Gray 1821 elephant
 Artiodactyla - Suidae
Phacochoerus cf. africanus Gmelin 1788 common warthog
 Artiodactyla - Hippopotamidae
Hippopotamus cf. sirensis Pomel 1896 hippo
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Bovini indet. Gray 1821 antelope
Gazella cf. atlantica Bourguignat 1870 gazelle
Alcelaphini indet. Brookes 1876 antelope
"Connochaetes taurinus" = Connochaetes taurina Burchell 1823 blue wildebeest
Connochaetes taurinus prognu
Oryx sp. de Blainville 1816 oryx