Oulad Hamida 1 - Homo erectus cave (Pleistocene of Morocco)

Also known as OH1-HEC, Thomas Quarry 3. Thomas Quarry III

Where: Morocco (33.6° N, 7.6° W: paleocoordinates 33.6° N, 7.6° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Pleistocene (2.6 - 0.0 Ma)

• This site, formerly known as Thomas Quarry 3, has been completely destroyed by quarrying. Probably belongs to the same faunal unit as Thomas Quarry 1 (very approx. 0.7-0.6Ma).

Environment/lithology: cave

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Primary reference: D. Geraads. 2002. Plio-Pleistocene mammalian biostratigraphy of Atlantic Morocco. Quaternaire 13(1):43-53 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: archaeological analysis

PaleoDB collection 34329: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 27.08.2003

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• no microfauna found at the site, but cranial fragments of Homo erectus were found.
 Primates - Hominidae
"Homo erectus" = Pithecanthropus erectus
"Homo erectus" = Pithecanthropus erectus Dubois 1892 human
 Primates - Cercopithecidae
Theropithecus cf. oswaldi Andrews 1916 gelada
 Rodentia - Muridae
 Rodentia - Hystricidae
Hystrix cf. cristata Linnaeus 1758 crested porcupine
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Ceratotherium simum Burchell 1821 white rhinoceros
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
 Carnivora - Ursidae
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canis aff. adustus Sundevall 1847 side-striped jackal
 Carnivora - Felidae
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Elephantidae indet. Gray 1821 elephant
 Artiodactyla - Suidae
Phacochoerus cf. africanus Gmelin 1788 common warthog
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Gazella cf. atlantica, ? Damaliscus sp., "Rabaticeras sp." = Numidocapra, "Connochaetes taurinus" = Connochaetes taurina
Gazella cf. atlantica Bourguignat 1870 gazelle
? Damaliscus sp. Sclater and Thomas 1894 antelope
"Rabaticeras sp." = Numidocapra Arambourg 1949 antelope
"Connochaetes taurinus" = Connochaetes taurina Burchell 1823 blue wildebeest
Connochaetes taurinus prognu