Oulad Hamida 1 - Rhino Cave (Pleistocene of Morocco)

Also known as OH1-GDR, Grotte des Rhinoceros

Where: Morocco (33.6° N, 7.6° W: paleocoordinates 33.6° N, 7.6° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Middle Pleistocene (0.8 - 0.1 Ma)

• Middle Pleistocene, approx 0.4Ma. there are 13 different layers within the cave filling, only one of which contains fauna (CGDR or continental 'Grotte des Rhinoceros'). This is a marine cave inhabited during a period of lower sea level at a time of relative aridity.

Environment/lithology: cave

• GDR is a marine cave on an 'Anfatian' shoreline.

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Preservation: anthropogenic

Collection methods: salvage,

• Discovered in 1991 in a working quarry. Stone tool assemblage contains several thousand artefacts.

Primary reference: D. Geraads. 2002. Plio-Pleistocene mammalian biostratigraphy of Atlantic Morocco. Quaternaire 13(1):43-53 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: archaeological analysis

PaleoDB collection 34330: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 27.08.2003

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• Abundant rhinoceros remains. Arid environment rodents and large grazing mammals suggest an open, dry landscape.
unclassified
  -
Reptilia
 Testudines - Pantestudinidae
Testudo sp. Linnaeus 1758 turtle
Aves
  -
Aves indet. Linnaeus 1758 bird
several species (names not given)
Mammalia
 Primates - Cercopithecidae
Theropithecus cf. oswaldi Andrews 1916 gelada
 Rodentia - Muridae
Praomys darelbeidae African soft-furred rat
Mus hamidae house mouse
Meriones maghrebianus jird
Meriones maghrebianus hamidae
Gerbillus grandis gerbil
Gerbillus grandis minor
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
 Rodentia - Gliridae
 Rodentia - Hystricidae
Hystrix cf. cristata Linnaeus 1758 crested porcupine
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Lepus cf. capensis Linnaeus 1758 cape hare
 Lipotyphla - Erinaceidae
Erinaceidae indet. Fischer von Waldheim 1817 hedgehog
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Ceratotherium simum Burchell 1821 white rhinoceros
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Crocidura darelbeidae white-toothed shrew
Crocidura cf. tarfayaensis white-toothed shrew
 Chiroptera -
Chiroptera indet. Blumenbach 1779 bat
 Carnivora - Ursidae
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canis aff. adustus Sundevall 1847 side-striped jackal
 Carnivora - Felidae
Panthera leo Linnaeus 1758 lion
 Carnivora - Hyaenidae
Hyaena hyaena Linnaeus 1758 striped hyaena
Crocuta crocuta Erxleben 1777 spotted hyaena
 Artiodactyla - Suidae
Phacochoerus cf. africanus Gmelin 1788 common warthog
 Artiodactyla - Camelidae
Camelus sp. Linnaeus 1758 camel
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
"Pelorovis ? antiquus" = Syncerus antiquus Duvernoy 1851 African buffalo
Gazella cf. atlantica Bourguignat 1870 gazelle
Parmularius cf. angusticornis Schwarz 1937 antelope
? Damaliscus sp. Sclater and Thomas 1894 antelope
Connochaetes sp. Lichtenstein 1812 wildebeest
? Oryx sp. de Blainville 1816 oryx