Tutak (Pliocene of Tajikistan)

Where: Tajikistan (38.0° N, 70.0° E: paleocoordinates 38.2° N, 69.8° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

When: Pliocene (5.3 - 2.6 Ma)

• Upper Pliocene, Middle Villafranchian, MN17. In the Kuruksay formation, at the base of the loess-palaeosol formation that appears to start at 2.5Ma in China. Palaeomagnetic data indicate the lower part of the Matuyama Chron.


Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collection methods: at the base of the loess-palaeosol formation, indicating a climatic change to arid conditions.

Primary reference: M.V. Sotnikova, A.E. Dodonov, and A.V. Pen'kov. 1997. Upper Cenozoic bio-magnetic stratigraphy of Central Asian mammalian localities. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 133:243-258 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 34394: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 29.08.2003

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Ellobius sp. Fischer 1814 mole-vole
 Lagomorpha - Ochotonidae
Ochotona sp. Link 1795 pika
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus stenonis Cocchi 1867 horse
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Ursus cf. etruscus Cuvier 1823 bear