Where: Kazakhstan (47.0° N, 84.0° E: paleocoordinates 47.3° N, 83.8° E)
• coordinate estimated from map
When: Turolian (8.7 - 5.3 Ma)
• Late Turolian, Upper Miocene, Santash Suite, MN13.
•'The Kalmakpay fauna occurs in the reddish brown sandy clays of the Karabulak suite in the Zaisan depression that is a correlative unit of the upper part of the Santash suite in southern Kazakhstan. The Santash suite, developed in the piedmont depressions of Northern TIen Shan Mountains, is represented by reddish brown clays and ill-sorted siltstones with interlayers of sandstones and marls.'
Primary reference: M.V. Sotnikova, A.E. Dodonov, and A.V. Pen'kov. 1997. Upper Cenozoic bio-magnetic stratigraphy of Central Asian mammalian localities. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 133:243-258 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details
Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis
PaleoDB collection 34436: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 01.09.2003, edited by Evangelos Vlachos
Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)