Rhodes Island (Pleistocene to of Greece)

Also known as APO2

Where: Greece (36.1° N, 27.8° E: paleocoordinates 36.7° N, 27.7° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• local area-level geographic resolution

When: Apolakkia Formation, Pleistocene to Pleistocene (2.6 - 0.0 Ma)

• crappy, it's surface collected. Formation has an estimated thickness of 500m

• formation-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: "floodplain"; calcareous, carbonaceous claystone and silty, conglomeratic sandstone

• "...lithological and sedimentary structures suggest a depositional environment of lakes and marshes (flood-basin environments) intersected by braiding and meandering river channels."
• a succession of variegated clays, marls, lignites, lignitic clays and this intercalations of siltstone and sandstone. Intercalations of sandstone and conglomerate constitute up to about 10% of the lithology of the formation

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collection methods: surface (float), sieve,

• collection combines screen-washed specimens from one specific locality (APO2) with those found as float in the local area

Primary reference: A. van de Weerd, J. W. F. Reumer, and J. Vos. 1982. Pliocene mammals from the Apolakkia Formation (Rhodes, Greece). Proceedings of the Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen, Series B 85(1):89-112 [J. Alroy/E. Leckey/J. Alroy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 34607: authorized by John Alroy, entered by Erin Leckey on 11.09.2003

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Architaenioglossa - Viviparidae
Viviparus sp. Montfort 1810 snail
 Sorbeoconcha - Thiaridae
"Melania sp." = Thiara
"Melania sp." = Thiara Röding 1798 snail
 Sorbeoconcha - Melanopsidae
Melanopsis sp. Férussac 1807 snail
 Neritoidea - Neritidae
Nerita sp. Linnaeus 1758 snail
 Valvatoidea - Valvatidae
Valvata sp. Müller 1774 snail
 Rodentia - Muridae
Apodemus aff. dominans Eurasian field mouse
from APO2, M1-3, m1-3
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Mimomys occitanus Thaler 1955 vole
m1, M1-3
Dolomys sp. Nehring 1898 mouse
 Rodentia - Castoridae
Castor fiber Linnaeus 1758 Eurasian beaver
i, 2p4, I, 2P4, M2
 Lagomorpha - Ochotonidae
Ochotonoides sp. Teilhard de Jardin and Young 1931 pika
a p3 and other isolated teeth
 Lipotyphla - Erinaceidae
"Echinosoricinae indet." = Galericinae
"Echinosoricinae indet." = Galericinae Pomel 1848 hedgehog
trigonid of a right m3
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Rhinocerotidae indet. Gray 1821 rhinoceros
part of a p2
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Hipparion aff. crassum Gervais 1859 hipparionine horse
3 series P2-M3, 5P2, 9P3or4, 10M1or2, 5M3, 2 series p2-m3, 2p2, 7p3or4, 5m1or2, 6m3, two fragmentary milk-molars, one calcaneum, one astragalus, a fragmentary metatarsal III
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Blarinella sp. Thomas 1911 Asiatic short-tailed shrew
lower incisors
Episoriculus gibberodon Petenyi 1864 red-toothed shrew
fragmentary right lower incisor, right m1 and m2
Blarinini indet. Kretzoi 1965 red-toothed shrew
two left m1 and three fragments of lower molars
Crocidura sp. Wagler 1832 white-toothed shrew
one isolated right m3
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canidae indet. Fischer 1817 canid
right p4
 Carnivora - Hyaenidae
Hyaena pyrenaica hyaena
part of left mandible with p4 and m1, incomlete P4
 Proboscidea - Proboscidea
Proboscidea indet. proboscidean
indeterminable parts of cheekteeth and tusks
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Gazella sp. Blaineville 1816 gazelle
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
Cervidae indet. Gray 1821 deer
fragmentary upper molar
Cervus aff. philisi deer
2M1, 1M2, 2M3, 2 series p2-m3, 1p3, 2m1, 1m2, 2m3, 3 calcanea, 3 astragali, 1 cubonaviculare, 3 phalanges I, 1 phalanx II, 2 fragmentary phalanges III, a distal fragment of a humerus and radius and 2 distal fragments of tibiae, i almost complete antler, 8 antler fragments
Plantae indet. Haeckel 1866