Gerakarou 1 (Pliocene to of Greece)

Also known as GER

Where: Macedonia, Greece (40.7° N, 23.2° E: paleocoordinates 40.6° N, 23.1° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Gerakarou Formation (Premygdonian Group), Villanyian to Villanyian (3.2 - 0.0 Ma)

• Late Villanyian, MNQ18, Late Villafranchian, Plio-Pleistocene. In the Upper levels of the Gerakarou formation.

Environment/lithology: fluvial-lacustrine; red, silty, sandy limestone

• Red beds - sand, silt, freshwater limestones.

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: Site excavated by Koufos and collaborators. Material held in the Department of Geology and Physical Geography, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki.

Primary reference: G. D. Koufos. 2001. The Villafranchian mammalian faunas and biochronology of Greece. Bollettino della Societa Paleontologica Italiana 40(2):217-223 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 34617: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 12.09.2003

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Rodentia - Muridae
Apodemus cf. mystacinus Eurasian field mouse
 Rodentia - Hystricidae
Hystrix major porcupine
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus stenonis Cocchi 1867 horse
Equus stenonis mygdoniensis
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canis arnensis Del Campana 1913 canine
Canis etruscus Forsyth Major 1877 canine
 Carnivora - Felidae
 Carnivora - Hyaenidae
Pachycrocuta brevirostris Gervais 1850 brown hyaena
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Elephantidae indet. Gray 1821 elephant
 Artiodactyla - Suidae
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Bovidae indet. Gray 1821 antelope
? Gazellospira sp. Pilgrim and Schaub 1939 antelope
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
"Cervus" sp. Linnaeus 1758 deer
Croizetoceros ramosus Croizet and Jobert 1828 deer
Croizetoceros ramosus gerakarensis
Eucladoceros senezensis deer
Euclaoceros senezensis cf. senezensis