Putna (Pliocene of Romania)

Where: Suceava, Romania (47.0° N, 25.0° E: paleocoordinates 46.8° N, 24.9° E)

• coordinate based on political unit

When: Pliocene (5.3 - 2.6 Ma)

• Found in the Sarmat Pliocene zone

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; lithified sandstone

• Fossils are described as coming from a horizon of sandstone and chalk, from above this horizon from a conglomerate of quartz sandstone and crystal slate, and from below it in white sandstone and chalk. These areas are unnamed but described in the text.

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: trace

Primary reference: V. Barbu, and G. Alexandrescu. 1960. Ueber einen natuerlichen hirnhoehlenabdruck von Hipparion. Revue de geologie et de geographie 4(1):91-100 [J. Hunter/M. Hall/J. Hunter]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 34620: authorized by John Hunter, entered by Meg Hall on 12.09.2003

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Cardiida - Mactridae
 Cardiida - Cardiidae
 Unionida - Unionidae
Unio wetzleri freshwater mussel
Unio rumanus freshwater mussel
 Sorbeoconcha - Cerithiidae
 Basommatophora - Planorbidae
Planorbarius sp. Dumeril 1806 pulmonate
 Turbinoidea - Turbinidae
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
"? Rhinoceros schleiermacheri" = Dihoplus schleiermacheri
"? Rhinoceros schleiermacheri" = Dihoplus schleiermacheri Kaup 1834 rhinoceros
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Hipparion gracile hipparionine horse
teeth and a good brain endocast were found