Menacer (Miocene of Algeria)

Also known as Marceau

Where: Algeria (36.3° N, 2.2° E: paleocoordinates 36.1° N, 1.9° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

• basin-level geographic resolution

When: Late/Upper Miocene (11.6 - 5.3 Ma)

• No radiometric dates available. A Turolian age (5-7 Ma) is reported in the NOW database and is based on faunal correlations.

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: fluvial-lacustrine; poorly lithified lignite

• Fossiliferous lignites are interstratified with continental sands and lacustrine deposits. These beds are 200-250 meters thick.

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Reposited in the MNHN

Collection methods: surface (float), surface (in situ), mechanical,

• Number of unidentified specimens not reported.

Primary reference: H. Thomas and G. Petter. 1986. Révision de la fuane de mammifères du Miocène supérieur de Menacer (ex-Marceau), Algérie: Discussion sur l'âge du gisement. Géobios 19(3):357-373 [A. Behrensmeyer/S. Cote/J. Alroy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 34642: authorized by Anna Behrensmeyer, entered by Suzanne Cote on 14.09.2003

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Tragocerina indet.
 Placentalia -
Primates indet. Linnaeus 1758 primate
 Primates - Cercopithecidae
? Macaca sp. Lacépède 1799 macaque
 Rodentia - Hystricidae
Hystrix sp. Linnaeus 1758 porcupine
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Rhinocerotidae indet. Gray 1821 rhinoceros
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
"Hipparion primigenium" = Hippotherium primigenium
"Hipparion primigenium" = Hippotherium primigenium von Meyer 1829 hipparionine horse
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Indarctos aff. arctoides Deperet 1895 bear
 Carnivora - Hyaenidae
Allohyaena algeriensis hyaena
 Proboscidea - Mammutidae
? Zygolophodon cf. turicensis Schintz 1824 mastodon
 Artiodactyla - Suidae
cf. Nyanzachoerus sp. Leakey 1958 pig
 Artiodactyla - Giraffidae
Palaeotragus germaini Arambourg 1959 giraffe
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Bovidae indet. Gray 1821 antelope
Neotragini indet. Sclater and Thomas 1894 antelope