Seelandalpe, reef framework (Triassic of Italy)

Also known as Reef 162

Where: Italy (46.6° N, 12.2° E: paleocoordinates 12.4° N, 20.3° E)

• coordinate based on unpublished field data

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Cassian Formation, Julian (235.0 - 232.0 Ma)

• Age range indicated as Langobardian to ?Julian, now confirmed to be early Carnian (Cordevolian)

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: reef, buildup or bioherm; lithified framestone

• Patch reefs on extensive carbonate platform
• Small patch reefs, laterally grading in to oolitic limestones

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: original aragonite, original calcite

Collection methods: bulk, mechanical, peel or thin section,

Primary reference: F. T. Fürsich and J. Wendt. 1977. Biostratinomy and palaeoecology of the Cassian Formation (Triassic) of the Southern Alps. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 22:257-323 [W. Kiessling/W. Kiessling/W. Kiessling]more details

Purpose of describing collection: paleoecologic analysis

PaleoDB collection 34691: authorized by Wolfgang Kiessling, entered by Wolfgang Kiessling on 16.09.2003, edited by Benjamin Brenneis and Mihaela Krause

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Terebellomorpha -
 Megalodontida - Megalodontidae
Megalodon sp.3 Sowerby 1827 clam
 Trepostomata - Heterotrypidae
 Lemniscaterina - Lemniscateridae
 Scleractinia - Astraeomorphidae
Astraeomorpha pratzi Volz 1896 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Volzeiidae
"Thecosmilia subdichotoma" = Volzeia subdichotoma
"Thecosmilia subdichotoma" = Volzeia subdichotoma Münster 1841 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Reimaniphylliidae
Craspedophyllia cristata Volz 1896 stony coral
Craspedophyllia alpina Loretz 1875 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Margarophylliidae
Margarophyllia capitata Münster 1841 stony coral
Margarophyllia crenata Münster 1841 stony coral
"Thecosmilia granulata" = Margarosmilia granulata Münster 1841 stony coral
Margarosmilia confluens Münster 1841 stony coral
Margarosmilia zieteni Klipstein 1843 stony coral
Margarosmilia septanectens Loretz 1875 stony coral
Margarosmilia richthofeni Volz 1896 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Tropiastraeidae
"Thamnastraea settsassi" = Thamnasteriamorpha settsassi, "Thamnotropis frechi" = Thamnasteriamorpha, "Thamnastraea loretzi" = Thamnasteriamorpha loretzi
"Thamnastraea settsassi" = Thamnasteriamorpha settsassi Volz 1896 stony coral
"Thamnotropis frechi" = Thamnasteriamorpha stony coral
"Thamnastraea loretzi" = Thamnasteriamorpha loretzi Volz 1896 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Montlivaltiidae
Montlivaltia obliqua Münster 1841 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Stylophyllidae
 Scleractinia - Protoheterastraeidae
Remismilia sublaevis1 Münster 1841 stony coral
Protoheterastrea leonhardi Volz 1896 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Alpinophylliidae
"Isastrea plana" = Alpinophyllia plana
"Isastrea plana" = Alpinophyllia plana Laube 1865 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Guembelastraeidae
"Isastrea guembeli" = Guembelastraea guembeli, "Isastrea bronni" = Stuoresia bronni
"Isastrea guembeli" = Guembelastraea guembeli Laube 1865 stony coral
"Isastrea bronni" = Stuoresia bronni Klipstein 1843 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Conophyllidae
Omphalophyllia boletiformis Münster 1841 stony coral
Myriophyllum gracile stony coral
Myriophyllium gracile
Myriophyllum dichotomum stony coral
Myriophyllium dichotomum
Myriophyllum badioticum Volz 1896 stony coral
Myriophyllium badioticum
Myriophyllum muensteri Volz 1896 stony coral
Myriophyllium muensteri
 Scleractinia -
"Coelocoenia major" = Koilocoenia
"Coelocoenia major" = Koilocoenia stony coral
Koelocoenia major
Baccanella floriformis
"Tubiphytes cf. obscurus" = Shamovella obscura3
"Tubiphytes cf. obscurus" = Shamovella obscura3 Maslov 1956
 Hadromerida - Cassianothalamiidae
Cassianothalamia zardinii2 Reitner 1987 demosponge
 Hadromerida - Celyphiidae
Uvanella irregularis2 Ott 1967 demosponge
Jablonskyia andrusovi2 Jablonsky 1975 demosponge
Celyphia sp. n. sp. Pomel 1872 demosponge
Celyphia submarginata Münster 1841 demosponge
 Hadromerida - Polysiphonidae
Zardinia perisulcata2 Dieci et al. 1968 demosponge
 Axinellida -
Circopora sp. demosponge
 Axinellida - Ceratoporellidae
Ceratoporella sp. Hickson 1911 demosponge
Ceratoporella sp. nov. A to E
 Axinellida -
Actinofungia astroites Münster 1841 demosponge
 Tabulospongida -
Keriocoelia conica Cuif 1974 demosponge
 Haplosclerida -
Petrosistroma sp.3 demosponge
 Ceractinomorpha - Burgundiidae
Burgundia sp.2 Dehorne 1916 demosponge
 Halichondrida -
Cassianostroma kuepperi Flügel 1960 demosponge
 Agelasida - Solenolmiidae
"Dictyocoelia manon" = Solenolmia manon, "Solenolmia manon" = Solenolmia manon2, "Dictyocoelia sp." = Solenolmia
"Dictyocoelia manon" = Solenolmia manon Münster 1841 demosponge
"Solenolmia manon" = Solenolmia manon2 Münster 1841 demosponge
S. manon manon
"Dictyocoelia sp." = Solenolmia Pomel 1872 demosponge
Dictyocoelia sp. nov. A
 Agelasida - Guadalupiidae
"Cystothalamia polysiphonata" = Diecithalamia polysiphonata
"Cystothalamia polysiphonata" = Diecithalamia polysiphonata Dieci et al. 1968 demosponge
 Agelasida - Sebargasiidae
Amblysiphonella strobiliformis3 Dieci et al. 1968 demosponge
 Agelasida - Pharetrospongiidae
Leiospongia aff. milleporata demosponge
Leiospongia n.sp. aff. milleporata
Leiospongia sp. d'Orbigny 1849 demosponge
Leiospongia n. sp. A to F
 Agelasida - Sestrostomellidae
Sestrostomella robusta Zittel 1878 demosponge
? Himatella sp. Zittel 1878 demosponge
 Agelasida - Cryptocoeliidae
Cryptocoelia zitteli Steinmann 1882 demosponge
 Agelasida - Preperonidellidae
Precorynella cf. pyriformis Klipstein 1843 demosponge
Precorynella cf. astroites Münster 1841 demosponge
Precorynella capitata Münster 1841 demosponge
Precorynella auriformis Dieci et al. 1968 demosponge
 Agelasida - Aphrosalpingidae
Vesicocaulis sp. Ott 1967 demosponge
 Agelasida - Maeandrostiidae
? Prosiphonella sp. Dieci et al. 1968 demosponge
 Agelasida - Thaumastocoeliidae
Thaumastocoelia cassiana2 Steinmann 1882 demosponge
 Agelasida - Girtyocoeliidae
Enoplocoelia armata Klipstein 1843 demosponge
 Agelasida - Catenispongiidae
aff. Hartmanina hieroglyphica demosponge
Hartmanina (gen. nov.?) hieroglyphica
Hartmanina sp. demosponge
Hartmanina sp. nov. A to F
 Agelasida - Colospongiidae
Colospongia dubia Münster 1841 demosponge
Colospongia catenulata Ott 1967 demosponge
Colospongia aff. catenulata Ott 1967 demosponge
 Clavulina - Adociidae
 Chaetetida - Chaetetidae
Chaetetidae indet. Milne-Edwards and Haime 1850 demosponge
 Stromatoporoidea -
  - Disjectoporidae
? Disjectopora sp. Waagen and Wentzel 1888
  - Disjectoporidae
 Calcaronea - Stellispongiidae
Stellispongia variabilis Münster 1841 calcareous sponge
Stellispongia aff. variabilis Münster 1841 calcareous sponge
Stellispongia n.sp. aff. variabilis
Stellispongia manon Münster 1841 calcareous sponge
"Stellispongia" subsphaerica Dieci et al. 1968 calcareous sponge
"Stellispongia" (gen. nov.) subsphaerica
Peronidella subcaespitosa Münster 1841 calcareous sponge
Peronidella loretzi Zittel 1879 calcareous sponge
Peronidella cf. loretzi Zittel 1879 calcareous sponge
? Eudea crassa calcareous sponge
Eudea sp. Lamouroux 1821 calcareous sponge
Eudea sp. nov. A
? Eudea sp. Lamouroux 1821 calcareous sponge
Eudea (?) sp. nov.
Eudea polymorpha Klipstein 1843 calcareous sponge
Leiospongia reticularis
"Leiospongia reticularis" = Leiofungia reticularis, "Leiospongia cf. reticularis" = Leiofungia reticularis
"Leiospongia reticularis" = Leiofungia reticularis Münster 1841
"Leiospongia cf. reticularis" = Leiofungia reticularis Münster 1841
 Life -
"? Wetheredella indet." = Allonema3
"? Wetheredella indet." = Allonema3
  - Solenoporaceae
? Pseudorothpletzella indet.3 Schlagintweit and Gawlick 2007
  - Wetheredellidae
Koskinobullina socialis3 Cherchi and Schroeder 1979
  - Nigriporellidae