Seelandalpe, reef dwellers (Triassic of Italy)

Also known as Reef 162

Where: Italy (46.7° N, 12.2° E: paleocoordinates 12.5° N, 20.3° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Cassian Formation, Julian (235.0 - 232.0 Ma)

• Age range indicated as Langobardian ton ?Julian, now confirmed to be early Carnian (Cordevolian)

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: reef, buildup or bioherm; lithified framestone and lithified packstone

• Patch reefs on extensive carbonate platform
• Small patch reefs, laterally grading in to oolitic limestones

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: original aragonite, original calcite

Collection methods: bulk, mechanical, peel or thin section,

• Total number of specimens refer to Fürsich and Wendt only. Additional specimens added by Bandel (1996)

Primary reference: F. T. Fürsich and J. Wendt. 1977. Biostratinomy and palaeoecology of the Cassian Formation (Triassic) of the Southern Alps. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 22:257-323 [W. Kiessling/W. Kiessling/W. Kiessling]more details

Purpose of describing collection: paleoecologic analysis

PaleoDB collection 34692: authorized by Wolfgang Kiessling, entered by Wolfgang Kiessling on 16.09.2003, edited by Matthew Clapham

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Bivalvia
  -
Bivalvia indet. Linnaeus 1758 clam
 Arcida - Parallelodontidae
 Pectinida - Dimyidae
"? Dimyodon sp." = Atreta
"? Dimyodon sp." = Atreta Etallon 1862 scallop
 Pectinida - Pectinoidae
"Pecten" sp. Müller 1776 scallop
 Pectinida - Limidae
Mysidioptera sp. Salomon 1895 file clam
"Lima" sp. Bruguière 1797 file clam
 Pectinida - Plicatulidae
Plicatula sp. Lamarck 1801 scallop
"Plicatula imago" = Plicatula (Eoplicatula) imago Bittner 1895 scallop
 Ostreida - Ostreidae
"Ostrea" sp. Linnaeus 1758 oyster
 Ostreida - Cassianellidae
 Ostreida - Pteriidae
Pteria sp. Scopoli 1777 pearl oyster
Pteria cf. caudata pearl oyster
 Ostreida - Malleidae
? Isognomon sp. Lightfoot 1786 oyster
 Ostreida - Bakevelliidae
Gervillia angulata Münster 1841 oyster
"Gervillia angusta" = Gervillia (Cultriopsis) angusta Munster 1838 oyster
 Pterioida - Prospondylidea
 Mytilida - Mytilidae
 Carditida - Myophoricardiidae
Myophoriopis sp. Wöhrmann 1889 clam
[entered as Myophoriopsis sp.]
 Megalodontida - Dicerocardiidae
Physocardia sp. Wöhrmann 1894 clam
 Megalodontida - Megalodontidae
Megalodon sp. Sowerby 1827 clam
 Cardiida - Palaeocarditidae
 Lucinida - Lucinidae
Schafhaeutlia sp. Cossmann 1897 clam
 Trigoniida - Myophoriidae
Gruenewaldia decussata Munster 1838 clam
 Nuculida - Nuculidae
Palaeonucula strigilata Goldfuss 1837 nut clam
 Protobranchia - Nuculanidae
Nuculana sulcellata pointed nut clam
Gastropoda
  -
Gastropoda indet. Cuvier 1797 snail
 Neritoina - Neritopsidae
"Neritopsis armata" = Cassianopsis armata, "Neritopsis decussata" = Cassianopsis decussata, Neritopsis sp.
"Neritopsis armata" = Cassianopsis armata Münster 1841 snail
"Neritopsis decussata" = Cassianopsis decussata Münster 1841 snail
Neritopsis sp. Grateloup 1832 snail
 Neritoina - Tricolnaticopsidae
"Naticopsis uhligi" = Pachyomphalus uhligi
"Naticopsis uhligi" = Pachyomphalus uhligi Kittl 1892 snail
 Neritoina - Palaeonaricidae
Palaeonarica cf. pyrulaeformis Klipstein 1843 snail
 Neritoina - Delphinulopsidae
Delphinulopsis pustulosa Munster 1841 snail
 Heterostrophia -
Spirocyclina eucycla Laube 1869 snail
 Architaenioglossa - Ampullinidae
Ampullina sp. Férussac 1822 snail
Ampullina sp. A
 Neogastropoda - Turridae
Pseudomelania hagenowi Klipstein 1843 turrid
Pseudomelania miles Kittl 1894 turrid
 Prosobranchia - Protorculidae
Protorcula excavata Laube 1868 snail
Protorcula subpunctata Münster 1841 snail
 Littorinoidea - Purpurinidae
Angularia subpleurotomaria Münster 1841 periwinkle
 Naticoidea - Naticidae
"? Naticella triadica" = Polinices
"? Naticella triadica" = Polinices moon snail
 Hypsogastropoda - Maturifusidae
Palaeotriton macrostoma Kittl 1894 snail
 Hypsogastropoda - Settsassiidae
Katosira sp. Koken 1892 snail
? Katosira cassiana Kittl 1894 snail
Katosira seelandica Kittl 1894 snail
 Hypsogastropoda - Coelostylinidae
Coelostylina griesbachi Kittl 1894 snail
Coelostylina crassa Münster 1841 snail
Coelostylina conica Münster 1841 snail
Coelostylina cochlea Münster 1841 snail
Trypanostylus curretensis Kittl 1894 snail
Trypanostylus konincki Münster 1841 snail
Pseudochrysalis sp. Kittl 1894 snail
 Sorbeoconcha - Prostyliferidae
Ptychostoma mojsisovicsi Kittl 1892 snail
 Allogastropoda - Gordenellidae
"Promathilda subnodosa" = Promathildia, "Promathilda colon" = Promathildia, "Promathilda bolina" = Promathildia
"Promathilda subnodosa" = Promathildia snail
Promathildia (P.) subnodosa
"Promathilda colon" = Promathildia snail
Promathildia (P.) colon
"Promathilda bolina" = Promathildia snail
Promathildia (T.) bolina
 Allogastropoda - Trachoecidae
Trachoecus gemmellaroi Kittl 1894 snail
 Allogastropoda - Anoptychiidae
Anoptychia multitorquata Münster 1841 snail
 Neritoidea - Naticopsidae
Naticopsis sp. M'Coy 1844 snail
Naticopsis expansa Laube 1868 snail
Naticopsis involuta Kittl 1892 snail
Naticopsis laubei Kittl 1892 snail
 Neritoidea - Neritariidae
""Natica" neritina" = Dentineritaria neritina Münster 1841 snail
Neritaria mandelslohi Klipstein 1843 snail
 Murchisoniina - Wortheniellidae
"Worthenia muensteri" = Rinaldoella muensteri, "Worthenia joannisaustriae" = Rinaldoella johannisaustriae, "Worthenia coronata" = Rinaldoella coronata, "Worthenia coralliophila" = Wortheniella coralliophila, "Worthenia canalifera" = Wortheniella canalifera
"Worthenia muensteri" = Rinaldoella muensteri Klipstein 1843 snail
"Worthenia joannisaustriae" = Rinaldoella johannisaustriae Klipstein 1843 snail
"Worthenia coronata" = Rinaldoella coronata Münster 1841 snail
"Worthenia coralliophila" = Wortheniella coralliophila Kittl 1891 snail
"Worthenia canalifera" = Wortheniella canalifera Münster 1841 snail
 Murchisoniina - Zygopleuridae
Allostrophia perversa Münster 1841 snail
"Zygopleura tenuis" = Ampezzopleura tenuis Münster 1841 snail
Hypsipleura subnodosa Klipstein 1843 snail
 Pleurotomarioidea - Stuorellidae
 Schizogonioidea - Pseudowortheniellidae
"Worthenia rarissima" = Pseudowortheniella rarissima
"Worthenia rarissima" = Pseudowortheniella rarissima Kittl 1891 snail
 Turbinoidea - Turbinidae
"Turbo" sp. Linnaeus 1758 snail
 Seguenzioidea - Eucycloscalidae
 Seguenzioidea - Eunemopsidae
Eunemopsis dolomitica Kittl 1891 snail
 Seguenzioidea - Laubellidae
Laubella delicata Laube 1868 snail
 Fissurelloidea - Fissurellidae
Emarginula muensteri Pictet 1855 snail
Emargulina muensteri
 Trochoidea - Trochidae
 Trochoidea - Ataphridae
Palaeocollonia laevigata Münster 1841 snail
Scaphopoda
 Dentaliida - Dentaliidae
Dentalium sp. Linnaeus 1758 tusk shell
Echinoidea
  -
"Cidaris" biconica Zardini 1973 sea urchin
 Cidaroida - Cidaridae
Balanocidaris dorsata pencil urchin
"Cidaris" seelandia pencil urchin
"Cidaris" admeto Braun 1841 pencil urchin
"Cidaris" alata Agassiz 1839 pencil urchin
"Cidaris" liagora Münster 1841 pencil urchin
  -
"Cidaris" hausmanni Wissmann 1841 sea urchin
"Cidaris" waechteri Wissmann 1841 sea urchin
"Cidaris" fustis Laube 1865 sea urchin
"Cidaris" scrobiculata Braun 1841 sea urchin
"Cidaris" costata Zardini 1973 sea urchin
Crinoidea
 Encrinida - Encrinidae
Encrinus cancellistriatus, "Encrinus granulosus" = Zardinicrinus granulosus, "Encrinus cassianus" = Chelocrinus cassianus
"Encrinus granulosus" = Zardinicrinus granulosus Münster 1834 Sea lily
"Encrinus cassianus" = Chelocrinus cassianus Laube 1865 Sea lily
 Cladida - Isocrinidae
Isocrinus "sp. A" Meyer in Agassiz 1836 Sea lily
Rhynchonellata
  -
Rhynchonellata indet. Williams et al. 1996
 Thecideida - Thecospiridae
Thecospira sp. Zugmayer 1882
Thecospira tirolensis Loretz 1875
 Athyridida - Retziidae
 Athyridida - Diplospirellidae
 Athyridida - Koninckinidae
 Terebratulida - Zeilleriidae
Aulacothyris sp. Douville 1880
 Terebratulida - Terebratulidae
 Spiriferinida - Bittnerulidae
? Bittnerula "sp. A" Hall and Clarke 1894
Bittnerula zitteli Bittner 1890
 Spiriferinida - Spiriferinidae
 Rhynchonellida - Rhynchonellidae