Apollonia (Pleistocene of Greece)

Also known as Apollonia 1 APL

Where: Macedonia, Greece (40.6° N, 23.5° E: paleocoordinates 40.5° N, 23.4° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Platanochori Formation, Early/Lower Pleistocene (2.6 - 0.8 Ma)

• MNQ 20, latest (end) Villafranchian, Late Lower Pleistocene, end Biharian, approx. 1.0Ma?


Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collection methods: Material held in the Laboratory of Geology and Palaeontology, University of Thessaloniki, Greece.

Primary reference: G. D. Koufos. 2001. The Villafranchian mammalian faunas and biochronology of Greece. Bollettino della Societa Paleontologica Italiana 40(2):217-223 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 34784: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 25.09.2003

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• New species of Canid named in Koufos and Kostopoulos (1997). Only skulls and teeth included in numbers of specimens given in Koufos and Kostopoulos (1997).
Pontoceros ambiguus
Pontoceros ambiguus mediterraneus
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Leporidae indet. Fischer de Waldheim 1817 rabbit
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Rhinocerotidae indet. Gray 1821 rhinoceros
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Ursus etruscus Cuvier 1823 bear
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
 Carnivora - Canidae
Vulpes alopecoides Forsyth Major 1877 fox
Canis (Xenocyon) sp. Linnaeus 1758 canine
Canis arnensis Del Campana 1913 canine
Canis etruscus Forsyth Major 1877 canine
Canis apolloniensis n. sp. Koufos and Kostopoulos 1997 canine
 Carnivora - Felidae
Megantereon cultridens Cuvier 1824 cat
Lynx issiodorensis Croizet and Jobert 1828 lynx
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Elephantidae indet. Gray 1821 elephant
 Theriiformes -
Erinaceus europaeus Linnaeus 1758 hedgehog
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Bison (Eobison) sp. Hamilton-Smith 1827 bison
Praeovibos sp. Staudinger 1908 antelope
Hemitragus sp. Hodgson 1841 antelope
Ovis sp. Linnaeus 1758 sheep
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
Eucladoceros sp. Falconer 1868 deer