Bikfaya, Lebanon (Jurassic of Lebanon)

Also known as Reef 3073

Where: Lebanon (33.9° N, 35.7° E: paleocoordinates 11.0° N, 31.6° E)

• coordinate stated in text

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Falaise de Bikfaya Formation, Early/Lower Tithonian (150.8 - 145.0 Ma)

• Lower Tithonian to lower middle Tithonian

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: reef, buildup or bioherm; lithified rudstone

• 2 m thick coral-stromatoporoid rudstone

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils, microfossils

Collection methods: peel or thin section,

• Taxonomic list for corals based on Felix (1904)

Primary reference: C. Toland. 2000. A sequence stratigraphic reference section for the Tithonian of Lebanon. Middle East models of Jurassic/Cretaceous carbonate systems. SEPM, Special Publication 69:53-64 [W. Kiessling/W. Kiessling/W. Kiessling]more details

Purpose of describing collection: paleoecologic analysis

PaleoDB collection 34869: authorized by Wolfgang Kiessling, entered by Wolfgang Kiessling on 09.10.2003

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• Foraminifers omitted
Lithocodium aggregatum
  -
unclassified
  -
Bivalvia
 Pectinida - Pectinoidae
"Pecten" palmyrensis scallop
quotation mark added by me
 Pectinida - Limidae
Lima libanensis file clam
 Ostreida - Gryphaeidae
"Ostrea cf. expansa" = Deltoideum (Deltoideum) delta
"Ostrea cf. expansa" = Deltoideum (Deltoideum) delta Smith 1817 oyster
 Ostreida - Ostreidae
 Cardiida - Cardiidae
Gastropoda
 Architaenioglossa - Ampullinidae
Ampullina dido snail
Natica (=Ampullina) dido Krumbeck
Ampullina mulitta snail
Natica (=Ampullina) mulitta Krumbeck
Ampullina krumbecki snail
Natica sp. (=Ampullina krumbecki Delpey)
 Stromboidea - Aporrhaidae
Harpagodes oceani Brongniart 1821 snail
 Neritoidea - Neritidae
 Heterobranchia - Nerinellidae
 Heterobranchia - Nerineidae
Nerinea desvoidyi D'Orbigny 1921 snail
ssp. pauciplicata
Echinoidea
 Irregularia - Nucleolitidae
Phyllobrissus thevenini sea urchin
Phylobrissus thevenini Etallon
Anthozoa
 Scleractinia - Stylinidae
Stylina bullosa Blanckenhorn 1890 stony coral
Stylina girodi Etallon 1864 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Latomeandridae
Latomeandra zumoffeni stony coral
Latimaeandra zumoffeni Felix
Latomeandra amphitrites stony coral
Latimaeandra amphitrites Felix
"Latimaeandra sulcata" = Microphyllia sulcata de Fromentel 1861 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Actinacididae
"Actinarea sponginoides" = Actinaraea
"Actinarea sponginoides" = Actinaraea stony coral
 Scleractinia - Thamnasteriidae
Thamnasteria leptomeres stony coral
listed as Centrastrea leptomeres
Thamnasteria polystila stony coral
listed as Centrastrea polystila
 Scleractinia - Actinastreidae
"Stephanocoenia trochiformis" = Actinastrea trochiformis, "Stephanocoenia pentagonalis" = Actinastrea pentagonalis
"Stephanocoenia trochiformis" = Actinastrea trochiformis Michelin 1843 stony coral
"Stephanocoenia pentagonalis" = Actinastrea pentagonalis Goldfuss 1829 stony coral
 Scleractinia - Astrocoeniidae
 Scleractinia - Acroporidae
Diplocoenia punica stony coral
 Scleractinia - Merulinidae
""Metastraea" cf. delmontana" = Favites
""Metastraea" cf. delmontana" = Favites stony coral
quotation mark added by me, genus invalid
 Scleractinia - Heterocoeniidae
"Baryhelia hexaconena" = Heterocoenia
"Baryhelia hexaconena" = Heterocoenia stony coral
Demospongea
 Axinellida - Actinostromarianinidae
Actinostromarianina lecomptei demosponge
listed as Actinostromarianina lecompti
 Axinellida - Milleporellidae
 Ceractinomorpha - Burgundiidae
Burgundia trinorchii Dehorne 1916 demosponge
Dasycladophyceae
 Dasycladales - Dasycladaceae
 Dasycladales -
Rajkaella bartheli
Rajkaella (=Likanella) bartheli Bernier
Rhodophyceae
  - Gymnocodiaceae