Atapuerca TD8 (Pleistocene of Spain)

Also known as Gran Dolina

Where: Castilla-Leon, Spain (42.4° N, 3.5° W: paleocoordinates 42.4° N, 3.6° W)

• coordinate stated in text

When: Middle Pleistocene (0.8 - 0.1 Ma)

• Middle Pleistocene, after the Brunhes/Matuyama boundary. Mid-'Cromerian complex' approximately 0.7-0.6Ma.

Environment/lithology: fissure fill

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collection methods: bulk,

Primary reference: E. Carbonell, M. Esteban, A. Martin Najera, M. Mosquera, X.P. Rodriguez, A. Olle, R. Sala, J.M. Verges, J.M. Bermudez Castro and A.I. Ortega. 1999. The Pleistocene site of Gran Dolina, Sierra de Atapuerca, Spain: a history of the archaeological investigations. Journal of Human Evolution 1999(37):313-324 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: archaeological analysis

PaleoDB collection 34925: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 20.10.2003

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Rodentia - Muridae
Apodemus aff. flavicollis1 Eurasian field mouse
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Allocricetus sp.1 Schaub 1930 mouse
Microtus oeconomus1 Pallas 1776 tundra vole
"Terricola atapuerquensis" = Microtus1 vole
 Rodentia - Gliridae
Eliomys helleri1 dormouse
 Rodentia - Hystricidae
Hystrix refossa1 porcupine
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Stephanorhinus etruscus3 Falconer 1868 rhinoceros
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus sp.3 Linnaeus 1758 horse
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Ursus sp.2 Linnaeus 1758 bear
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canis mosbachensis2 Soergel 1925 canine
 Carnivora - Felidae
? Panthera gombaszoegensis2 cat
? uncertain occurence
 Carnivora - Hyaenidae
Crocuta crocuta2 Erxleben 1777 spotted hyaena
 Artiodactyla - Hippopotamidae
Hippopotamus amphibius3 Linnaeus 1758 hippo
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Bison sp.3 Hamilton-Smith 1827 bison
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
Megaloceros sp.3 Brookes 1828 Irish elk