Atapuerca TD11 (Pleistocene of Spain)

Also known as Gran Dolina

Where: Castilla-Leon, Spain (42.4° N, 3.5° W: paleocoordinates 42.4° N, 3.6° W)

• coordinate stated in text

When: Middle Pleistocene (0.8 - 0.1 Ma)

• Middle Pleistocene, after Brunhes/Matuyama boundary, OIS 9-11, approximately 0.5-0.4Ma.

Environment/lithology: fissure fill

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collection methods: bulk,

Primary reference: E. Carbonell, M. Esteban, A. Martin Najera, M. Mosquera, X.P. Rodriguez, A. Olle, R. Sala, J.M. Verges, J.M. Bermudez Castro and A.I. Ortega. 1999. The Pleistocene site of Gran Dolina, Sierra de Atapuerca, Spain: a history of the archaeological investigations. Journal of Human Evolution 1999(37):313-324 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: archaeological analysis

PaleoDB collection 34927: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 20.10.2003

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Rodentia - Muridae
Apodemus aff. flavicollis1 Eurasian field mouse
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Microtus arvalis1 Pallas 1779 common vole
Microtus agrestis1 Linnaeus 1761 field vole
"Terricola atapuerquensis" = Microtus1 vole
 Rodentia - Gliridae
Eliomys quercinus1 Linnaeus 1766 garden doormouse
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Stephanorhinus hundsheimensis3 Toula 1902 rhinoceros
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus caballus3 Linnaeus 1758 horse
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canis lupus2 Linnaeus 1758 gray wolf
 Carnivora - Felidae
Panthera leo2 Linnaeus 1758 lion
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Bison sp.3 Hamilton-Smith 1827 bison
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae