Casablanca 3 (Pleistocene of Spain)

Also known as Almenara 3

Where: Castellon, Spain (39.9° N, 0.2° W: paleocoordinates 39.9° N, 0.4° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Middle Pleistocene (0.8 - 0.1 Ma)

• Late Lower Biharian, beginning of the Middle Pleistocene, approximately 0.8Ma.

Environment/lithology: fissure fill

Size class: mesofossils

Primary reference: J. Agusti and A. Galobart. 1986. La sucesion de micromamiferos en el complejo carstico de Casablanca (Almenara, Castellon): problematica biogeografica. Paleontologia i Evolucio 20:57-62 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 34932: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 20.10.2003, edited by Jason Head

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Osteichthyes
 Salientia - Pelobatidae
Pelobates cultripes spadefoot toad
"1 fragment of squamosal, 2 fragments of frontoparietal, 1 left ilium, and 1 distal fragment of tibiofibula. (pg. 29)"
 Salientia - Pelodytidae
Pelodytes (cf. Pelodytes) punctatus parsley frog
"1 distal fragment of left ilium, 4 humeri, 1 trunk vertebra, 4 radio-ulnae and 1 tibio-filbula (pg. 273)"
 Salientia - Ranidae
Pelophylax (cf. Pelophylax) perezi frog
"1 right frontoparietal, 2 mandibles, 1 sacral vertebra, 4 ilia, and 1 humerus (pg. 275)"
 Salientia - Bufonidae
Bufo bufo toad
"2 ilia, 3 scapulas, 6 humeri, 2 vertebrae, 3 radio-ulnae and 6 tibiofibulae. (pg. 274)"
Bufo sp. Laurenti 1768 toad
2 ilia
 Salientia - Discoglossidae
cf. Discoglossus sp. Otth 1837 painted frog
distal fragment of left ilium
Reptilia
 Squamata - Lacertidae
Lacertidae indet. Bonaparte 1831 lizard
"...skull bones (8 premaxillae, 16 frontals, 6 parietals, 4 jugals, 56 maxillae, 278 dentaries and 4 quadrates) and post-cranial bones (37 humeri, 59 femora, 3 tibiae, 25 vertebrae [among which 11 dorsal and 14 caudal] and 83 hemipelves). (pg. 278)"
 Squamata - Viperidae
Vipera latasti viper
7 trunk vertebrae
 Squamata - Colubridae
Rhinechis scalaris Schinz 1822 ladder snake
"1 right articular s.l. and 30 trunk vertebrae. (pg. 284)"
Colubrinae indet. Oppel 1811 colubrid snake
"...152 vertebrae have only been referred to a "colubrine" indeterminated (pg. 283)"
Coronella girondica Daudin 1803 southern smooth snake
"1 supraoccipital, 1 left exoccipital and 87 trunk vertebrae (pg. 284)"
Natrix natrix Linnaeus 1758 water snake
2 trunk vertebrae
Malpolon monspessulanus Hermann 1804 Montpellier snake
6 trunk vertebrae
 Squamata - Amphisbaenidae
Blanus cinereus Vandelli 1797 Mediterranean worm lizard
"21 dentaries and 21 trunk vertebrae. (pg. 276)"
 Squamata - Scincidae
Chalcides (cf. Chalcides) bedri skink
"3 dentaries and 29 vertebrae (10 trunk, 14 sacral and 5 caudal). (pg. 276)"
Mammalia
 Rodentia - Muridae
Apodemus aff. sylvaticus Linnaeus 1758 wood mouse
Castillomys crusafonti Michaux 1969 mouse
Micromys aff. minutus harvest mouse
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Allocricetus bursae mouse
Allocricetus bursae duranciensis
 Rodentia - Gliridae
Eliomys quercinus Linnaeus 1766 garden doormouse
Eliomys quercinus helleri